Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, February 22nd, 2024
the First Week of Lent
There are 38 days til Easter!
Attention!
Partner with StudyLight.org as God uses us to make a difference for those displaced by Russia's war on Ukraine.
Click to donate today!

Bible Commentaries
Acts 22

Bullinger's Companion Bible NotesBullinger's Companion Notes

Search for…
Enter query below:
Additional Authors

Verse 1

Men, &c. See note on Acts 1:11 with Acts 7:2 .

defence . Greek. apologia. Occurs eight times, here; Act 25:16 . 1 Corinthians 9:3 . 2 Corinthians 7:11 .Philippians 1:1 , Philippians 1:7 , Philippians 1:17 ; 2Ti 4:16 . 1 Peter 3:15 . See the verb, Acts 19:33 .

Verse 2

spake . . . to = addressed. Greek. prosphoneo, as in Acts 21:40 .

Hebrew . Greek. Hebrais, as in Acts 21:40 .

tongue . Greek. dialektos, as in Acts 1:19 .

kept, &c . = shewed silence the more.

Verse 3

verily . Texts omit.

man . Greek. aner . App-123 .

in Cilicia = of Cilicia.

brought up . Greek. anatrepho. Only here and Acts 7:20 , Acts 7:21 .

Gamaliel . See note on Acts 5:34 . Only mentioned in these two places.

taught . Greek. paideuo, to train a child ( pais ), instruct, chastise. See Acts 7:22 .Luke 23:16 , Luke 23:22 .

according to . Greek. kata. App-104 .

perfect manner . Literally accuracy. Greek. akribeia. Only here. Much used by medical writers.

of the fathers . Greek. patroos , pertaining to the fathers. Only here, Acts 24:14 ; Acts 28:17 .

and was = being. Gr huparcho . See note on Luke 9:48 .

zealous . See note on Acts 21:20 .

toward = of, i.e. a zealot in behalf of. Compare Philippians 1:3 , Philippians 1:5 , Philippians 1:6 .

God . App-98 .

as ye, &c . This was to conciliate them. Figure of speech Protherapeia . App-6 .

Verse 4

this . Emph.

way . See Acts 9:2 .

unto = as far as.

the . Omit.

binding . Greek. desmeuo . Only here and Matthew 23:4 .

delivering . Same as "commit" in Acts 8:3 .

women . Compare Acts 8:3 ; Acts 9:2 .

Verse 5

also, &c . = the high priest also.

bear . . . witness . Greek. martureo . See p. 1511. Same as Acts 15:8 .

all the estate, &c . = the whole presbytery. Greek. presbuterion . Only here, Luke 22:66 . 1 Timothy 4:14 .

brethren . This means the Jewish rulers in Damascus.

went = was going.

to = unto. Greek. eis . App-104 .

there . Greek. ekeise . Only here and Acts 21:3 . Add "also".

for to be punished = in order that (Greek. hina) they might be punished. Greek. timoreo . Only here and Acts 26:11 .

Verse 6

was come nigh = drew near.

unto = to.

noon . Greek. mesembria . Only here and Acts 8:26 (south).

suddenly . Greek. exaiphnes . See note on Acts 9:3 .

shone . . . round . Greek. periastrapto . See note on Acts 9:3 .

from = out of. Greek. ek . App-104 .

heaven = the heaven. See note on Matthew 6:9 , Matthew 6:10 .

light . Greek. phos . App-130 .

Verse 7

ground . Greek. edaphos . Only here.

heard . See note on Acts 9:4 .

Saul, Saul . See note on Acts 9:4 .

Verse 8

answered . Greek. apokrinomai . App-122 .

Lord . App-98 .

Jesus . App-98 .

of Nazareth = the Nazarene. See Acts 2:22 . The Lord Himself uses the despised name.

Verse 9

with . Greek. sun . App-104 .

saw = beheld. Greek. theaomai . App-133 . It was no mere lightning flash. Compare "glory", Acts 22:11 .

and were afraid . Omit.

heard . See note on Acts 9:7 .

spake . Greek. laleo. App-121 .

Verse 10

What shall I do . This question is only in this account.

Arise . Greek. anistemi. App-178 .

told . Greek. laleo , as in Acts 22:9 .

of = concerning. Greek. peri . App-104 .

appointed . Greek. tasso . See note on Acts 13:48 .

Verse 11

see . Greek. emblepo. App-133 .:7.

for = from. Greek. apo. App-104 .

glory . Greek. doxa. See note on John 1:14 . Compare Acts 7:55 .

that . Emph.

led by the hand . See note on Acts 9:8 .

of = by. Greek. hup o. App-104 .

were with . Greek. suneimi. Only here and Luke 9:18 .

Verse 12

one = a certain. Greek. tis . App-123 .

devout . Greek. eusebes. See note on Acts 10:2 , but the texts read eulabes , as in Acts 2:5 .

having a good report = borne witness to. Greek. matureo, as in Acts 22:5 . Compare Hebrews 11:2 , Hebrews 11:4 , &c, Revised Version.

dwelt . Greek. katoikeo. See note on Acts 2:5 .

Verse 13

Saul . Greek. Saoul, as in Acts 22:7 .

receive thy sight . Literally look up. Greek. anablepo. App-133 .:6.

looked up . Same word. Greek. anablepo .

Verse 14

chosen = destined. Greek. procheirizomai. Only here and Acts 26:16 . Not the same as in Acts 1:2 , &c.

that thou shouldest know = to know. Greek. ginosko. App-132 .

will . Greek. thelema. App-102 .

see . Greek. eid o n . App-133 .

that Just One = the Righteous One. Greek. dikaios. App-191 . Compare Acts 3:14 ; Act 7:52 . 1 John 2:1 . Figure of speech Antonomasia. App-6 . Paul was thus led to avoid using any term that would excite his hearers.

shouldest hear = to hear.

the voice of His mouth = His commands. Figure of speech Idioma. App-6 . Paul thus received his commission direct from the Lord Himself. Compare Galatians 1:1 , Galatians 1:12 .

of = out of. Gr ek. App-104 .

Verse 15

His witness = a witness to Him.

witness . See Acts 1:8 .

men . Greek. anthropos. App-123 .

what = the things which.

seen . Greek. horao. App-133 .

Verse 16

baptized . App-115 . The verb is in Mid. Voice.

wash away . Greek. apolouo. App-136 and App-185 .

sins . Greek. hamartia. App-128 .

calling on . See note on Acts 2:21 .

the name . See note on Acts 2:38 .

the Lord . The texts read "of Him", i.e. His name, referring to the Righteous One.

Verse 17

was come again = returned. See Acts 9:26 . Galatians 1:18 . App-180 .

prayed = was praying. Greek. proseuchomai . App-134 .

temple . Greek. hieron. See Matthew 23:16 . A point to weigh with his hearers.

trance . Greek. ekstasis. See note on Acts 10:10 .

Verse 18

saying . Before "saying" supply ellipsis, "and heard Him".

quickly = with (Greek. en. App-104 .) speed.

out of . Greek. ek . App-104 .

receive . Greek. paradechomai. See note on Acts 16:21 . Figure of speech Tapeinosis. App-6 .

testimony . Greek. marturia. See note on p. 1511 and Compare Acts 1:8 .

concerning . Greek. peri . App-104 .

Verse 19

they = they themselves,

know . Greek. epistamai. App-132 .

imprisoned = was imprisoning. Greek. phulakizo. Only here.

beat = was beating. Greek. dero . See note on Acts 5:40 .

in every synagogue . Greek. kata tas sunagogas, synagogue by synagogue. Showing Paul's systematic action.

believed . Greek. pisteuo. App-150 .

Verse 20

Thy martyr Stephen = Stephen Thy witness (Greek. martur. See Acts 1:8 ).

shed = being poured out. Greek. ekcheo as in Acts 2:17 , Acts 2:18 , Acts 2:33 .

consenting . Greek. suneudokeo. See note on Acts 8:1 .

unto his death . The texts omit.

kept = was guarding.

raiment = garments. As in Acts 14:14 .

slew . Greek. anaireo. See note on Acts 2:23 .

Verse 21

send . Greek. exapostello. App-174 .

Gentiles = nations. Greek. ethnos.

Verse 22

gave him audience = were listening to him. As in Acts 22:7 , the verb followed by the Genitive case shows that they followed what he was saying.

word . Greek. logos. App-121 . The thought of Gentiles on an equality with Jews was intolerable.

ullet

lifted up, &c . Compare Acts 2:14 ; Acts 14:11 .

Away . See note on John 19:15 .

earth . Greek. ge . App-129 .

fit . Greek. katheko . Only here and Romans 1:28 . To teach the Gentiles that the Messiah of the Jews was a crucified malefactor was an outrageous offence to the orthodox Jew (1 Corinthians 1:23 ).

Verse 23

cried out = were crying out. Greek. kraugazo. See John 18:40 .

cast off . Greek. ripto .

clothes = outer garments. Greek. himation. Holding them in their hands and tossing them upward.

threw = were throwing. Greek. ballo. App-174 .

Verse 24

chief captain . See note on Acts 21:31 .

castle . See note on Acts 21:34 .

examined . Greek. anetazo . Only here and Acts 22:29 .

scourging . Greek. mastix. Here and Hebrews 11:36 translated "scourging"; in the Gospels (Mark 3:10 ; Mark 5:29 , Mark 5:34 , Luke 7:21 ) Translated "plague". Compare John 19:1 .

that = in order that. Greek. hina .

know . Greek. epiginosko. App-132 .

wherefore = on account of (Greek. dia) . what cause.

cried = were shouting. Greek. epiphoneo. See note on Acts 12:22 .

against . Literally "at". No preposition.

Verse 25

bound . Greek. pr oteino, to stretch out or tie up. Only here.

thongs . Greek. himas. Here, Mark 1:7 . Luke 3:16 . John 1:27 .

centurion . See note on Acts 21:32 .

Is it = If (Greek. ei . App-118 . a) it is.

scourge . Greek. mastizo. Only here. The usual word is mastigoo.

uncondemned . Greek. akatakritos. See note on Acts 16:37 .

Verse 26

went . The chiliarch having given his orders, had gone to his quarters.

told . Greek. apangello. See note on Acts 16:36 .

Take heed . The texts omit.

what thou doest = what art thou about to do?

Verse 28

sum . Greek. kephalaion. Only here and Hebrews 8:1 . In Septuagint Leviticus 6:4 .Numbers 4:2 ; Numbers 5:7 (principal), &c.

obtained . Greek. ktaomai. See note on Acts 1:18 .

freedom . Greek. politeia = citizenship. Here and Ephesians 2:12 .

born = "even born so. "

Verse 29

straightway . Greek. eutheos, as in Acts 21:30 (forthwith).

departed . See note on Acts 19:9 .

should have, &c . = were about to examine.

Verse 30

On the morrow = But on the morrow.

because, &c . = wishing (Greek. boulomai. App-102 .) to know.

certainty . See note on Acts 21:34 .

accused. Greek. katlgoreo. Occurs nine times in Acts.

of . Greek. para. App-104 , but the texts read hup o, xviii. 1.

from his bands . The texts omit.

council = the Sanhedrin. See John 11:47 .

appear . The texts read "come together".

brought . . . down . Greek. katago. See note on Acts 21:3 .

Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Acts 22". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/acts-22.html. 1909-1922.
adsFree icon
Ads FreeProfile