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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

1 Peter 4

Verse 1

Christ . App-98 .

for us . The texts omit.

in the flesh . Greek. sarki, as 1 Peter 3:18 .

arm yourselves . . . with = put on as armour. Greek. hoplizomai. Only here. Compare Romans 6:13 .

likewise = also.

mind . Greek. ennoia. See Hebrews 4:12 .

in the flesh . The Received text ( App-94 ) has en, but the texts omit.

sin . App-128 . Compare Romans 6:7 .

Verse 2

That = To ( App-104 .) the end that.

no longe r. Greek. meketi.

live . Greek. bioo . Only here. Compare App-170 .

rest of his = remaining, Greek. epiloipos. Only here. Compare App-124 .

men . App-123 .

will . App-102 .

God . App-98 .

Verse 3

of our life . The texts omit.

may suffice = is sufficient (Greek. arketos. Only here and Matthew 6:34 ; Matthew 10:25 ).

us . The texts omit.

will . App-102 ., as above, but the texts read App-102 .

Gentiles . Greek. ethnos.

lasciviousness . See Romans 13:13 .

excess of wine . Greek. oinopldugia. Only here.

revellings . Greek. komos. See Romans 13:13 .

banquetings . Greek. potos. Only here.

abominable = unlawful. See Acts 10:28 .

idolatries . See 1 Corinthians 10:14 .

Verse 4

Wherein = In ( App-104 .) which.

think, &c . See Acts 17:20 .

excess . Greek. anachusis. Only here.

riot . Greek. asotia . See Ephesians 5:18 .

speaking evil of . Greek. blasphemeo.

Verse 5

give = render. As in Hebrews 13:17 .

account . App-121 .

is ready . See Acts 21:13 .

judge . App-122 .

quick = living. App-170 .

dead . App-139 .

Verse 6

for this cause = unto ( App-104 .) this (end).

was the gospel preached . App-121 .

also, &c. = to the dead also.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

they might = though they might. The particle men, marking the contrast, is ignored in the Authorized Version and Revised Version.

according to . App-104 . Supply "the will of".

live . App-170 .

spirit . No art. or preposition. App-101 . Compare 1 Peter 3:18 . This is man's day (1 Corinthians 4:3 ), when he is judging and condemning. God's day is to come. (See also App-139 .)

Verse 7

is at hand = has drawn near. Compare Matthew 3:2 .

be . . . sober . See Romans 12:3 .

watch . See 2 Timothy 4:5 .

prayer . App-134 .

Verse 8

above = before. App-104 .

have, &c . = having your love toward (Greek. eis) one another intense.

fervent . Greek. ektenes. Only here and Acts 12:5 . Compare 1 Peter 1:22 .

charity . App-135 .

among . App-104 .

for, &c . Compare Proverbs 10:12 .James 5:20 .

Verse 9

Use hospitality = Be hospitable. See 1 Timothy 3:2 and compare Romans 12:13 .

one, &c . = to one another.

grudging = murmuring. See Acts 6:1 .

Verse 10

every man = each one.

hath . Omit.

gift . App-184 . See 1 Corinthians 7:7 .

minister . App-190 .

the same = it.

one to another = among yourselves (1 Peter 4:8 ).

stewards . See 1 Corinthians 4:1 .

manifold . See 1 Peter 1:6 .

grace . App-184 .

Verse 11

If . App-118 .

any man . App-123 .

speak . App-121 .

as . i.e. in harmony with, according.

oracles . See Acts 7:38 .

ability . App-172 .

giveth . See 2 Corinthians 9:10 . Compare 2 Peter 1:5 .

through . App-104 . 1 Peter 4:1 .

Jesus Christ . App-98 .

be = is.

praise = the glory. Greek. doxa. See p. 1511.

dominion = the dominion. App-172 .

for ever, &c . App-151 . a. A summary of the Divine operations in their finality.

Verse 12

Beloved . App-135 .

concerning = as to.

the fiery trial, &c. Literally the fire (of persecution) which is among ( App-104 .) you, coming to you for ( App-104 .) trial. Not coming in the future, but a present condition.

fiery . Greek. purosis. Here and Revelation 18:9 , Revelation 18:18 .

trial . Greek. peirasmos. See 1 Peter 1:6 and 2 Peter 2:9 .

some = a.

strange . Greek. xenos. See Acts 17:18 .

unto = to.

Verse 13

when, &c . = in ( App-104 .) the revelation ( App-106 .) also of His glory (see p. 1511).

revealed . See 1 Peter 1:5 , 1Pe 1:7 , 1 Peter 1:13 .

with exceeding joy . Literally rejoicing greatly. See 1 Peter 1:6 , 1 Peter 1:8 .

Verse 14

reproached . Greek. oneidizo. See Romans 15:3 .

for = in. App-104 .

happy . See 1 Peter 3:14 .

Spirit, &c . Figure of speech Hendiadys ( App-6 ). The glorious Spirit of God. App-101 .

upon . App-104 .

on their part . . . glorified . This clause is omitted by all the texts.

Verse 15

But = For.

none = not (Greek. me) any one ( App-123 .)

evildoer . See 1 Peter 2:12 .

busybody in, &c . Greek. allotrioepiskopos. Only here. An overseer in things concerning another. See App-124 . Compare 1 Thessalonians 4:11 . 2Th 3:11 . 1 Timothy 5:13 , and see Luke 12:13 . Joh 21:22 .

Verse 16

Christian . See Acts 11:26 .

behalf = respect, literally part, but the texts read "name".

Verse 17

the time, &c . = ( it is) the season.

that judgment, &c . Literally of judgment ( App-177 .) beginning.

at = from. App-104 .

house . Compare 1 Peter 2:5 . 1 Timothy 3:15 .Hebrews 3:6 ; Hebrews 10:21 .

obey not = are disobedient to. See 1 Peter 2:7 .

gospel of God . App-140 .

Verse 18

righteous . App-191 .

scarcely . See Acts 14:18 .

ungodly . Greek. asebes. Compare App-128 .

appear . App-106 . Compare Proverbs 11:31 (Septuagint)

Verse 19

them . Add "also".

commit the keeping of . Greek. paratithemi. See Acts 17:3 .

souls . App-110 .

well doing . Greek. agathopoiia. Only here. Compare 1 Peter 2:14 .

as . The texts omit.

unto = to.

faithful . App-150 .

Creator . Greek. ktistes. Only here.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Peter 4". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/1-peter-4.html. 1909-1922.