the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #8328 - שֹׁרֶשׁ
1a) root (literal)
1b) root (of people involving firmness or permanence) (figuratively)
1c) root, bottom (as lowest stratum) (figuratively)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 root of people under figure of tree, involving firmness, permanence, Amos 2:9; Hosea 9:16; Hosea 14:6; Isaiah 14:30; 2 Kings 19:30 = Isaiah 37:31; — שָׁרְשָׁם Judges 5:14 is probably corrupt, see GFM; — so of person (compare Phoenician, Eshmunazar11 GACooke pp. 30,36) Isaiah 5:24; Malachi 3:19; Job 8:17; Job 18:16; Job 29:19; Proverbs 12:3,12; = stock, family Isaiah 11:1,10; Daniel 11:7, compare (of serpent) Isaiah 14:29; = source or cause Deuteronomy 29:17, דָּבָר׳שׁ Job 19:28.
2 literally root of tree or shrub Jeremiah 17:8 (simile), Ezekiel 31:7 (metaphor of people). Isaiah 53:2 (simile), Job 14:8; Job 30:4; of vine (metaphor of people) Ezekiel 17:6,7,9 (twice in verse); Psalm 80:10 (accusative of congnate meaning with verb with שׁרשׁ Hiph`il).
3 root, figurative=lowest stratum, of mountain Job 28:9, of sea Job 36:30= bottom (text strange and dubious: Du רָאשֵׁי הָרִים, with אֵרוֺ in v a); of feet, שָׁרְשֵׁי רַגְלַי Job 13:27, i.e. soles Ew Di De Da and others (elsewhere כַּף), Bu place of treading, footholds; Du (arbitrarily) שָׁרְשִׁי, strike out רגלי.
[שֹׁ֫רֶשׁ] noun masculine Daniel 4:12 root (see Biblical Hebrew); — plural suffix שָׁרְשׁוֺ֫הִי of tree Daniel 4:12; Daniel 4:20; Daniel 4:23.
שֹׁרֶשׁ plur. שָֽׁרָשִׁים with suff. שָֽׁרָשָׁיו constr. שָׁרְשֵׁי m.
(1) a root; Syr. ܫܶܪܫܐܳ; compare שֶׁרֶשׁ. Job 30:4; Jeremiah 17:8 and frequently. Figuratively it is
(a) the lowest part of a thing, as of the foot (compare Lat. planta pedis), Job 13:27 of a mountain (Lat. radix), Job 28:9 of the sea, Job 36:30. Hence
(b) a root of controversy is the ground, cause of the controversy, Job 19:28. As nations, when they take up their abode in any country, are said to be planted in it and to take root (see נָטַע ).
(c) root is put poet. for the seat, fixed dwelling, Judges 5:14.
(2) a shoot which springs from a root, Isaiah 53:2 hence metaph. שֹׁרֶשׁ יִשַׁי the shoot of Jesse, Isaiah 11:10 of the Messiah; compare ῥίζα Δαυίδ, Revelation 5:5. [There is no need to depart from the usual meaning root.] On the other hand, root (by a metaphor taken from plants and applied to a people) is meant, Isaiah 14:30.
Hence denom. שְׁרשׁוּ and the verb