the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #8121 - שֶׁמֶשׁ
1b) sunrise, sun-rising, east, sun-setting, west (of direction)
1c) sun (as object of illicit worship)
1d) openly, publicly (in other phrases)
1e) pinnacles, battlements, shields (as glittering or shining)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
and masculine Genesis 19:23 (Albr ZAW xv (1895), 324) sun; — absolute ׳שׁ Joshua 10:12 +, שָׁ֑מֶשׁ Judges 20:43 +; suffix שִׁמְשֵׁךְ Isaiah 60:20, שִׁמְשָׁךְ Jeremiah 15:9; plural suffix שִׁמְשֹׁתַ֫יִךְ Isaiah 54:12; —
1 sun, Genesis 37:9 (E; + moon, stars); marking time: as rising (verb זָרַת q. v.) Exodus 22:2 (E) + 8t. + Malachi 3:20 (figurative צְדָקָה׳שׁ, of reward of the faithful, with wings, i.e. rays ? Now GASm; or winged sun-disc [compare We] ?); verb יְצָא Genesis 19:23 (J), Isaiah 13:10; Judges 5:31 (simile of splendour; see יְצָא
1 f); setting (verb בּוֺא) Genesis 15:17 (J), Amos 8:9 19t., + לָבוֺא׳וַיְהִי הַשּׁ Genesis 15:12 (JE), יְדַע מְבוֺאוֺ׳שׁ Psalm 104:19 (see בּוֺא 1 i, מָבוֺא
2); as giving daylight Isaiah 60:9; hot 1 Samuel 11:9; Nehemiah 7:3; Exodus 16:21 (P), compare Isaiah 49:10; Jonah 4:8; Psalm 121:6; as ripening crops Deuteronomy 33:14 (poem), compare (figurative) Job 8:16, tanning the face Song of Solomon 1:6; standing still at Joshua's word Joshua 10:12.13 a (poem in J; "" יָרֵחַ), Joshua 10:13 b (J), compare Habakkuk 3:11 (+ יָרֵךְַ); casting shadow (on dial), ׳יָָֽרְדָה בְמַעֲלוֺת אָחָז בַּשּׁ Isaiah 38:8, ׳וַתָּשָׁב הַשּׁ Isaiah 38:8; set in sky by ׳י Jeremiah 31:25; Psalm 19:5; Psalm 74:16; Psalm 136:8, enduring Psalm 72:5; Psalm 72:17 (compare עִם 1 g; [מָּנֶה]
11. 4 a ( e), p. 817), also Psalm 89:37; personified, called to praise ׳י Psalm 148:3 (+ יָרֵךְַ); to be darkened by ׳י s judgment, Ezekiel 32:7; Joel 2:10; Joel 3:4; Joel 4:15 (compare Amos 8:9 above, Micah 3:6). 2
of direction:׳מִמִּוְרַח הַשּׁ Numbers 21:11 (E) toward sun-rise, = East, compare Deuteronomy 4:41,47 16t. (see מִוְרָךְ p. 280); ׳מְבוֺא הַשּׁ Deuteronomy 11:30 3t. (see מָבוֺא 2, p. 99).
object of worship (usually + moon, stars, etc.) 2 Kings 23:5; Jeremiah 8:2; Ezekiel 8:16; Deuteronomy 4:19; horses given to ׳שׁ 2 Kings 23:11, ׳מַרְכְּבוֺת השּׁ 2 Kings 23:11. — See also ׳בֵּית שׁ p. 112:b.
4 other phrase:
a.׳נֶגֶד חַשּׁ, i.e. openly, publicly, 2 Samuel 12:12; Numbers 25:4 (P), so ׳לְעֵינֵי חַשּׁ 2 Samuel 12:11.
b. figurative of living, ׳חָזָה שׁ Psalm 58:9, ׳רָאָה שׁ Exodus 6:5; Exodus 7:11; Exodus 11:7, opposed to ׳תֶּחְשַׁךְ הַשׁ Exodus 12:2.
c.׳תַּחַת הַשּׁ, i. e. on the earth, Ecclesiastes 1:3 28t. Ecclesiastes (compare Greek ὐφ’ ἠλίῳ, Kue Ond. iii. 196; Ein1. iii. 192).
5 pinnacle, as glittering, shining, plural Isaiah 54:12 thy pinnacles, battlements (of Zion), so perhaps singular אֱםהִים׳וּמָנֵן י ׳שׁ Psalm 84:12 battlement and shield is ׳א׳י (Gr Bae Du Buhl; most sun, and so Thes De Che SS; Hup-Now hesitates).
I. שׁמשׁ (√ of following; Biblical Hebrew שׁמשׁ, שֶׁ֫מֶשׁ).
שֶׁמֶשׁ comm. (m. Psalms 104:19 f. Genesis 15:17), with Suff. שִׁמְשִׁי
(1) the sun (Arabic شَمْسُ, Syr. ܫܶܡܫܐܳ, a primitive word, found under the radical letters sm, sr, sn, sl, in very many languages, compare the old Germ. Summi (whence Summer, Sommer), Sanscr. sura, surja, Germ. Sunne, Sonne, Eng. sun, Lat. sol, and with an aspirate put for a sibilant Pehlev. hûr, Pers. خور, Gr. ἥλιος, see Merian, Etude Comparative des Langues, p. 66, 67), תַּחַת הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ under the sun, i.e. on earth, a usual phrase in the book of Ecclesiastes 1:3,, 14 2:11, 18, 19, 22 4:1,,, 15 and frequently. לִפְנֵי שֶׁמֶשׁ in the sunshine, Job 8:16 (but as to Psalms 72:17, see לִפְנֵי No. 1, p. 680, A ), לְעֵינֵי הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ before the sun, i.e. in the presence of the sun, with the sun, as it were, looking on, 2 Samuel 12:11. The sun-rise is spoken of with the verbs יָצָא, זָרַח, as to the setting, the verb בּוֹא. Metaph. God is said to be any one’s sun, Psalms 84:12.
(2) pl. שְׁמָשׁוֹת battlements (as if suns, sun-beams), Isaiah 54:12. LXX. ἐπάλξεις.
[שֶׁמֶשׁ Ch. id. q. Heb. No. 1, Daniel 6:15.]