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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #8121 - שֶׁמֶשׁ

Transliteration
shemesh
Phonetics
sheh'-mesh
Origin
from an unused root meaning to be brilliant
Parts of Speech
Noun
TWOT
2417a
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) sun

1a) sun

1b) sunrise, sun-rising, east, sun-setting, west (of direction)

1c) sun (as object of illicit worship)

1d) openly, publicly (in other phrases)

1e) pinnacles, battlements, shields (as glittering or shining)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2246 ‑ ἥλιος (hay'‑lee‑os);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (134)
Genesis
6
Exodus
4
Leviticus
1
Numbers
2
Deuteronomy
10
Joshua
13
Judges
6
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
5
1 Kings
1
2 Kings
5
2 Chronicles
1
Nehemiah
1
Job
1
Psalms
14
Ecclesiastes
35
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
3
Ezekiel
2
Joel
3
Amos
1
Jonah
2
Micah
1
Nahum
1
Habakkuk
1
Zechariah
1
Malachi
2
NAS (112)
Genesis
6
Exodus
4
Leviticus
1
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
5
Joshua
5
Judges
3
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
4
2 Kings
4
Nehemiah
1
Job
1
Psalms
14
Ecclesiastes
35
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
3
Ezekiel
2
Joel
3
Amos
1
Jonah
2
Micah
1
Nahum
1
Habakkuk
1
Malachi
2
HCS (134)
Genesis
6
Exodus
4
Leviticus
1
Numbers
2
Deuteronomy
10
Joshua
14
Judges
6
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
4
1 Kings
1
2 Kings
5
2 Chronicles
1
Nehemiah
1
Job
1
Psalms
14
Ecclesiastes
35
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
3
Ezekiel
2
Joel
3
Amos
1
Jonah
2
Micah
1
Nahum
1
Habakkuk
1
Zechariah
1
Malachi
2
BSB (137)
Genesis
9
Exodus
4
Leviticus
1
Numbers
2
Deuteronomy
10
Joshua
13
Judges
6
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
5
1 Kings
1
2 Kings
5
2 Chronicles
1
Nehemiah
1
Job
1
Psalms
14
Ecclesiastes
35
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
3
Ezekiel
2
Joel
3
Amos
1
Jonah
2
Micah
1
Nahum
1
Habakkuk
1
Zechariah
1
Malachi
2
ESV (107)
Genesis
6
Leviticus
1
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
7
Joshua
5
Judges
3
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
5
2 Kings
4
Nehemiah
1
Job
1
Psalms
14
Ecclesiastes
34
Isaiah
9
Jeremiah
3
Ezekiel
2
Joel
2
Amos
1
Jonah
2
Micah
1
Nahum
1
Habakkuk
1
Malachi
2
WEB (121)
Genesis
6
Exodus
4
Leviticus
1
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
9
Joshua
7
Judges
3
1 Samuel
1
2 Samuel
5
1 Kings
1
2 Kings
4
2 Chronicles
1
Nehemiah
1
Job
1
Psalms
14
Ecclesiastes
35
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
3
Ezekiel
2
Joel
3
Amos
1
Jonah
2
Micah
1
Nahum
1
Habakkuk
1
Malachi
2
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2854) sms (סהמסה ShMSh) AC: ? CO: Sun AB: ?: [from: ms- a hot wind from the sun causing desolation] (eng: sun - with the exchange of the s and sh and the n and m)

Nf ) sms (סהמסה ShMSh) - I. Sun:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Serve:[Unknown connection to root; Aramaic only] KJV (136): sun, ministered - Strongs: H8120 (שְׁמַשׁ), H8121 (שֶׁמֶשׁ), H8122 (שְׁמַשׁ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2022
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שֶׁמֶשׁ comm. (m. Psalms 104:19 f. Genesis 15:17), with Suff. שִׁמְשִׁי

(1)  the sun (Arabic شَمْسُ, Syr. ܫܶܡܫܐܳ, a primitive word, found under the radical letters sm, sr, sn, sl, in very many languages, compare the old Germ. Summi (whence Summer, Sommer), Sanscr. sura, surja, Germ. Sunne, Sonne, Eng. sun, Lat. sol, and with an aspirate put for a sibilant Pehlev. hûr, Pers. خور, Gr. ἥλιος, see Merian, Etude Comparative des Langues, p. 66, 67), תַּחַת הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ under the sun, i.e. on earth, a usual phrase in the book of Ecclesiastes 1:3,, 14 2:11, 18, 19, 22 4:1,,, 15 and frequently. לִפְנֵי שֶׁמֶשׁ in the sunshine, Job 8:16 (but as to Psalms 72:17, see לִפְנֵי No. 1, p. 680, A ), לְעֵינֵי הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ before the sun, i.e. in the presence of the sun, with the sun, as it were, looking on, 2 Samuel 12:11. The sun-rise is spoken of with the verbs יָצָא, זָרַח, as to the setting, the verb בּוֹא. Metaph. God is said to be any one’s sun, Psalms 84:12.

(2) pl. שְׁמָשׁוֹת battlements (as if suns, sun-beams), Isaiah 54:12. LXX. ἐπάλξεις.

[שֶׁמֶשׁ Ch. id. q. Heb. No. 1, Daniel 6:15.]

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
בַּשֶּׁ֛מֶשׁ בשמש הַ֭שֶּׁמֶשׁ הַשֶּׁ֔מֶשׁ הַשֶּׁ֖מֶשׁ הַשֶּׁ֗מֶשׁ הַשֶּׁ֙מֶשׁ֙ הַשֶּׁ֛מֶשׁ הַשֶּׁ֜מֶשׁ הַשֶּׁ֣מֶשׁ הַשֶּׁ֥מֶשׁ הַשֶּׁ֨מֶשׁ הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ֩ הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ֮ הַשָּֽׁמֶשׁ׃ הַשָּׁ֑מֶשׁ השמש השמש׃ וְהַשֶּׁ֖מֶשׁ וְהַשֶּׁ֣מֶשׁ וְלַשֶּׁ֣מֶשׁ ׀ וָשָֽׁמֶשׁ׃ וָשָׁ֑מֶשׁ והשמש ולשמש ושמש ושמש׃ כַשֶּׁ֣מֶשׁ כשמש לַ֝שֶּׁ֗מֶשׁ לַשֶּׁ֙מֶשׁ֙ לַשֶּׁ֤מֶשׁ לַשֶּׁ֨מֶשׁ לַשָּֽׁמֶשׁ׃ לשמש לשמש׃ מש שִׁמְשֵׁ֔ךְ שִׁמְשָׁ֛הּ שִׁמְשֹׁתַ֔יִךְ שֶׁ֖מֶשׁ שֶׁ֙מֶשׁ֙ שֶׁ֚מֶשׁ שֶׁ֜מֶשׁ שֶׁ֝֗מֶשׁ שֶׁ֣מֶשׁ שֶׁ֤מֶשׁ שֶׁ֥מֶשׁ שֶׁ֨מֶשׁ ׀ שֶׁמֶשׁ֮ שָֽׁמֶשׁ׃ שָׁ֑מֶשׁ שמש שמש׃ שמשה שמשך שמשתיך baš·še·meš bashShemesh baššemeš chashShemesh haš·šā·meš haš·še·meš hashShamesh hashShemesh haššāmeš haššemeš ḵaš·še·meš ḵaššemeš laš·šā·meš laš·še·meš lashShamesh lashShemesh laššāmeš laššemeš meš mesh šā·meš šāmeš še·meš šemeš Shamesh shemesh shimShah shimShech shimshoTayich šim·šāh šim·šêḵ šim·šō·ṯa·yiḵ šimšāh šimšêḵ šimšōṯayiḵ vaShamesh vehashShemesh velashShemesh wā·šā·meš wāšāmeš wə·haš·še·meš wə·laš·še·meš wəhaššemeš wəlaššemeš
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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