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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7663 - שָׁבַר
1) to inspect, examine, wait, hope, wait upon
1a) (Qal) examined (participle)
1b1) to wait (for), wait upon
1b2) to hope (for)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Participle שׂבֵר, with ב object, Nehemiah 2:13,15 I examined into the wall, inspected it closely.
II. [שָׂבַר] Pi`el wait, hope (Aramaism; compare Aramaic סְבַר think, Pa`el hope; believe, hope, Pa`el think, Aph`el hope); — Perfect 1 singular שִׂבַּרְתִּי Psalm 119:166,3plural שִׂבְּרוּ Esther 9:1; Imperfect 3 masculine plural יְשַׂבְּרוּ Isaiah 38:18, יְשַׂבֵּ֑רוּ Psalm 145:15, יְשַׂבֵּר֑וּן Psalm 104:27; 2 feminine plural תְּשַׂבֵּרְנָה Ruth 1:13; —
1 wait for, ל person, Ruth 1:13.
2 hope for, ל of thing Psalm 119:166, אֶל of thing Isaiah 38:18, אֶל person Psalm 104:27; Psalm 145:15; ל infinitive Esther 9:1 hope to rule.
שָׁבַר fut. יִשְׁבֹּר
(1) to break, to break to pieces (Aram. and Arab. תְּבַּר, تبر id.; comp. פָּרַר), Genesis 19:9; Jeremiah 2:20, 19:10 Isaiah 42:3; Amos 1:5 used of ships broken by the wind, Ezekiel 27:26. Part. שָׁבוּר broken, i.e. having a member broken, Levit. 22:22. See several phrases under the words זְרוֹעַ, מַטֶּה, קֶשֶׁת. Pregn., Hosea 2:20, וְקֶשֶׁת וְחרֶב וּמִלְחָמָה אֶשְׁבֹּר מִן־הָאָרֶץ “and the bow, and sword, and weapons of war I will break (and cast) out of the land.” Metaph.
(a) to break (quench) thirst, Psalms 104:11.
(b) to break any one’s mind, i.e. to affect with sadness, Psalms 69:21, 147:3.
(2) to tear any one, as a wild beast, 1 Kings 13:26, 28 1 Kings 13:28.
(3) to break down, to destroy, Daniel 11:26; Ezekiel 30:21 See Niphal No. 3, and שֶׁבֶר.
(4) to measure off, to define (from the idea of cutting; compare גָּזַר). Job 38:10, וָאֶשְׁבֹּר עָלָיו חֻקִּי “when I set a boundary to it” (the sea).
(5) denom. from שֶׁבֶר No. 5.
(a) to buy corn, with the addition of שֶׁבֶר Genesis 47:14 בַּר Genesis 42:3 and absol. Genesis 42:5; Isaiah 55:1 (where it is also applied to wine and milk).
(b) to sell corn, Genesis 41:56 compare Hiphil No. 2.
(1) to be broken, Isaiah 14:29 used of ships which are wrecked, Ezekiel 27:34; Jonah 1:4 also to break one’s limbs, Isaiah 8:15, 28:13. Metaph. of a mind broken, i.e. afflicted, sad, Psalms 34:19; Isaiah 61:1 contrite with penitence, Psalms 51:19. It once appears to be put transitively for Kal, to break any one’s mind, or heart, Ezekiel 6:9.
(2) to be torn to pieces, Psalms 124:7. Used of cattle hurt or wounded, Exodus 22:9, 13 Exodus 22:13; Ezekiel 34:4, 16 Ezekiel 34:16; Zechariah 11:16, הַנִּשְׁבָּרָה “wounded cattle.”
(3) to be broken down (as an army), Daniel 11:22; 2 Chronicles 14:12 to be destroyed, to perish (as a kingdom, a city, a people), Isaiah 8:15, 24:10 28:13 Jeremiah 48:4; Daniel 8:25, 11:4 Ezekiel 30:8.
Piel שִׁבַּר i.q. Kal, but stronger, to break altogether, thoroughly, to break in pieces, as any one’s teeth, Psalms 3:8 statues, altars, 2 Kings 18:4, 23:14 ships, Psalms 48:8.
(1) to cause to break through (the womb), i.e. that the child shall appear, Isaiah 66:9, הַאֲנִי אַשְׁבִּיר וְלֹא אוֹלִיד “shall I cause to break open (the womb), and not cause to bring forth?” Compare Hosea 13:13; Isaiah 37:3 and n. מַשְׁבֵּר.
(2) denom. from שֶׁבֶר to sell corn, Genesis 42:6; Amos 8:5,.
Hophal, to be broken (of the mind), Jeremiah 8:21.
Derivatives, שֶׁבֶר, שִׁבָּוֹן, מִשְׁבָּר, מַשְׁבֵּר.