the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6280 - עָתַר
1) to be abundant
1a) (Niphal) to be plentiful
1b) (Hiphil) to multiply, become abundant
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Niph`al Participle feminine plural נַעְתָּרוֺת Proverbs 27:6 (of enemy's kisses; De excessive; opposed to נֶאֱמָנִים); Toy proposes נֶעֱקָשׁוֺת, or נַעֲוֺת, crooked, hypocritical.
Hiph`il Perfect 2 masculine plural הַעְתַּרְתֶּם עָלַי דִּבְרֵיכֶם Ezekiel 35:13 ye have multiplied against me your words ("" וַתַּגְדִּילוּעָלַי בְּפִיכֶם), strike out as gloss Co after ᵐ5, Toy reads singular, and thinks verb due to Aramaizing scribe.
עָתַר fut. יֶעְתַּר
(1) i.q. קָטַר to burn incense to a god (Syr. ܥܛܰܪ to smoke with perfume, ܥܶܛܪܐܳ incense; Arab. عطر to breathe odours). Hence עָתָר No. 1.
(2) to pray as a suppliant, to pray to a god (the prayers of the godly being compared to incense; comp. μνημόσυνον τῆς προσευχῆς, Tob_12:12 Acts 10:4); to supplicate, to intreat, followed by. לְ and אֶל Genesis 25:21; Exodus 8:26, 10:18 Job 33:26.
Niphal, to let oneself be supplicated by any one (followed by a dat.), to hear and answer, Genesis 25:21, וַיֵּעָתֶר לוֹ יְהֹוָה “and Jehovah heard and answered him;” 2 Samuel 21:14; Isaiah 19:22. Inf. absol. נַעְתּוֹר 1 Chronicles 5:20.
Hiphil, i.q. Kal, Exodus 8:25, 10:17. Followed by לְ and בְּעַד to be intreated for any one, Exodus 8:5, 24.
עָתַר i.q. Chald. עֲתַר (Hebrew עָשַׁר) to be abundant; not used in Kal.
Niphal. id. Proverbs 27:6, “abundant (i.e. many, frequent) are the kisses of an enemy.” Opp. to, “faithful are the wounds of a friend.”
Hiphil, to multiply, to accumulate, Ezekiel 35:13, וְהַעְתַּרְתֶּם עָלַי דִּבְרֵיכֶם “you have multiplied against me words”, sc. impudent, impious words. Compare גָּדוֹל No. 2.
Derivatives, עֲתֶרֶת and pr.n. עֶתֶר.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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