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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #5968 - עָלַף

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to cover

1a) (Pual) covered, encrusted (participle)

1b) (Hithpael) to enwrap oneself, disguise oneself, faint

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1587 ‑ ἐκλείπω (ek‑li'‑po);  639 ‑ ἀπορέω (ap‑or‑eh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Genesis 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 1
Amos 1
Jonah 1
NAS (8)
Genesis 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 2
Amos 1
Jonah 2
HCS (5)
Genesis 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 1
Amos 1
Jonah 1
BSB (5)
Genesis 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 1
Amos 1
Jonah 1
WEB (0)
WEB (5)
Genesis 1
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 1
Amos 1
Jonah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2547) plo (אהלפ AhLP) AC: Faint CO: ? AB: ?

V) plo (אהלפ AhLP) - I. Faint: II. Cover:[Unknown connection to root;] KJV (5): (vf: Hitpael, Pual, Participle) faint, overlay, wrap - Strongs: H5968 (עָלַף)

of1) eplfo (אהולפה AhWLPH) - Wilt: In the sense of fainting. KJV (1): fainted - Strongs: H5969 (עֻלְפֶּה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [עָלַף] verb cover (Late Hebrew id., cover, faint; Arabic smear, II. cover, sheath; Assyrian elpitu, pining, exhaustion); —

Pu`al Participle feminine covered, encrusted, construct מְעֻלֶּפֶת Song of Solomon 5:14 his belly if ivory encrusted with sapphires. Perfect 3 plural בָּנַיִךְ עֻלְּפוּ Isaiah 51:20 thy sons are enshrouded, enwrapped, i.e. their senses obscured = have swooned away; so also Ezekiel 31:15, reading 3 feminine singular עֻלָּ֑פָה for substantive עֻלְמֶּה (Kö ii. 1,118), all the trees have fainted for (עַל) him (so ᵐ5ᵑ6 ᵑ9 Hi Co and others).

Hithpa`el enwrap oneself, Imperfect 3 feminine singular וַתִּתְעַלָּ֑ף Genesis 38:14 (J); = swoon away, 3 masculine singular וַיִּתְעַלָּ֑ף Jonah 4:8; 3 feminine plural תִּתְעַלַּפְנָה Amos 8:13.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עָלַף not used in Kal; pr. to cover, to wrap up. (Arab. غَلَفَ, Gr. καλύπτω. Comp. עוּף No. 1.)


(1) to be covered, Song of Solomon 5:14.

(2) to languish, to faint (pr. to be covered with darkness, see synn. עָטָה, עָטַף ), Isaiah 51:20.


(1) to vail oneself, Genesis 38:14.

(2) i.q. Pual No. 2, to faint, to languish with heat, Jonah 4:8 with thirst, Amos 8:13.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
וַיִּתְעַלָּ֑ף וַתִּתְעַלָּ֔ף ויתעלף ותתעלף מְעֻלֶּ֖פֶת מעלפת עֻלְּפ֥וּ עלפו תִּ֠תְעַלַּפְנָה תתעלפנה ‘ul·lə·p̄ū ‘ulləp̄ū mə‘ullep̄eṯ mə·‘ul·le·p̄eṯ meulLefet tiṯ‘allap̄nāh tiṯ·‘al·lap̄·nāh Titallafnah ulleFu vaiyitalLaf vattitalLaf wat·tiṯ·‘al·lāp̄ wattiṯ‘allāp̄ way·yiṯ·‘al·lāp̄ wayyiṯ‘allāp̄
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