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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #5670 - עָבַט

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to take a pledge, give a pledge (for a debt)

1a) (Qal) to take a pledge, give a pledge (for a debt)

1b) (Piel) to interchange

1c) (Hiphil) to cause to give a pledge

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (6)
Deuteronomy 5
Joel 1
NAS (6)
Deuteronomy 5
Joel 1
HCS (6)
Deuteronomy 5
Joel 1
BSB (6)
Deuteronomy 5
Joel 1
ESV (5)
Deuteronomy 5
WEB (6)
Deuteronomy 5
Joel 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2519) ubo (אהבתה AhBTh) AC: Borrow CO: Pledge AB: ?: When something is borrowed the borrower gives an item as a pledge as a security for the return of what is borrowed.

V) ubo (אהבתה AhBTh) - Borrow: KJV (6): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) lend, fetch, borrow, break - Strongs: H5670 (עָבַט)

cm) ufbo (אהבותה AhBWTh) - Pledge: What is given as security for a loan. KJV (4): pledge - Strongs: H5667 (עֲבֹט)

lbm) uiubo (אהבתהיתה AhBThYTh) - Pledge: What is given as security for a loan. KJV (1): clay - Strongs: H5671 (עַבְטִיט)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [עָבַט] verb denominative take or give a pledge; —

Qal Infinitive construct לַעֲבֹט Deuteronomy 24:10 to take possession of a thing pledged (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb); Imperfect 2 masculine singular give a pledge תַּעֲבֹט Deuteronomy 15:6 (i.e. borrow).

Hiph`il Perfect 2 masculine singular וְהַעֲבַטְתָּ֫ גּוֺיִם רַבִּים Deuteronomy 15:6 and thou shalt cause many nations to give pledges (i.e. lend to them); Imperfect 3 masculine singular suffix + Infinitive absolute הַעֲבֵט תַּעֲבִיטֶנּוּ Deuteronomy 15:8 thou shalt surely lend to him (literally as above).

Pi`el Imperfect יְעַבְּטוּן Joel 2:7 hardly makes sense ( lend on pledge = interchange ?); most read יְעַבְּתוּן; יְעַוְּתוּן We, compare Now Dr GASm; Gr. יַטוּן.

עבל (√ of following; compare possibly Arabic be bulky, stout; Punic proper name עבל Lzb335).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

עָבַט fut. יַעֲבֹט

(1)  to change, to exchange (see Pi.); kindred is עָבַת to interweave.

(2) to give a pledge for anything borrowed (which includes the idea of exchange). Deuteronomy 24:10, לַעֲבֹט עֲבֹטוֹ “that he may give his pledge.” Also to borrow on the security of a pledge, Deuteronomy 15:6, וְאַתָּה לֹא תַעֲבֹט “and thou shalt not borrow.”

Piel, to change, to exchange. Joel 2:7, “they shall not change their ways,” i.e. they shall go right on in the same way.

Hiphil, to lend [on security of a pledge], followed by acc. of pers. (to whom), Deuteronomy 15:6 followed by two acc. of pers. and the thing lent, Deuteronomy 15:8.

Hence עֲבוֹט and

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
וְהַֽעֲבַטְתָּ֞ וְהַעֲבֵט֙ והעבט והעבטת יְעַבְּט֖וּן יעבטון לַעֲבֹ֥ט לעבט תַּעֲבִיטֶ֔נּוּ תַעֲבֹ֔ט תעבט תעביטנו la‘ăḇōṭ la·‘ă·ḇōṭ laaVot ta‘ăḇîṭennū ṯa‘ăḇōṭ ta·‘ă·ḇî·ṭen·nū ṯa·‘ă·ḇōṭ taaviTennu taaVot vehaavatTa vehaaVet wə·ha·‘ă·ḇaṭ·tā wə·ha·‘ă·ḇêṭ wəha‘ăḇaṭtā wəha‘ăḇêṭ yə‘abbəṭūn yə·‘ab·bə·ṭūn yeabbeTun
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