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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #4975 - מָתְנַיִם
1) loins, hips
1a) used with H2223 in Proverbs 30:31; perhaps an extinct animal, exact meaning unknown
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1. a. place of wearing girdle 1 Kings 2:5; 2 Kings 1:8; Jeremiah 13:1,2,4,11; Ezekiel 23:15; figurative Isaiah 11:5 righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins.
b. hence place of things attached to girdle: — sword girded on (חגר על, אסר 2 Samuel 20:8; Nehemiah 4:12; opposed to, וּמָתְנֵי מְלָכִים אֲפַתֵּחַ Isaiah 45:1 and the loins of kings I will loosen, i e. will disarm them (׳י before Cyrus; compare Che); ink-horn Ezekiel 9:2,3,11.
c. girding up loins = make ready for action, וַיְשַׁנֵּסמָתְנָיו 1 Kings 18:46; more often ׳חָגַר מ 2 Kings 4:29; 2 Kings 9:1; Exodus 12:11 (P), Daniel 10:5; ׳אָזַר מ Jeremiah 1:17.
d.׳זַרְזִיר מ Proverbs 30:31 that which is girt in the loins, i.e. probably either a greyhound Ew Bö De (contracted, as if by a belt), or a war-horse, charger, Bo Ges Hi Str Wild (with a saddle); compare also זרזיר, p. 267 above; text perhaps corrupt (Wild).
e. girded with sackcloth (in mourning) Genesis 37:34 (J), Amos 8:10; Isaiah 20:2; 1 Kings 20:31,32; Jeremiah 48:37.
f. linen breeches of priests were to extendמִמָּתְנַיִם וְעַד יְרֵכַיִם Exodus 28:42 (P); to be ׳עַלמָֿת Ezekiel 44:18; loins of slaves are girt with waistcloth, compare Job 12:18 (see also אֵזוֺר).
g. in General of the middle of the body, ׳מֵי מָת Ezekiel 47:4 (i.e. water reaching to the loins); so of the appearance of ׳י in Ezekiel's visions Ezekiel 1:27 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 8:2 (twice in verse).
2. a. loins as seat of strength, Deuteronomy 33:11; 1 Kings 12:10 2 Chronicles 10:10; חַזֵּק מָתְנַיִם Nahum 2:2 ("" אַמֵּץ כֹּחַ); כֹּחוֺ בְּמָתְנָיו Job 40:16 (of hippopotamus); in combination with 1 a (figurative) חָֽגְרָה׳בְּעוֺז מ Proverbs 31:17 she girdeth her loins with strength, she puts on energy with her girdle; compare also ׳בְּשִׁבְרוֺן מ Ezekiel 21:11 sigh with breaking of loins, i.e. in entire collapse of strength; so תָּמִיד׳הַמְעַ֑ד וּמ Psalm 69:24 and make their loins continually to shake, make them totter; compare Ezekiel 29:7 (where read וְהִמְעַדְתָּ for וְהַעֲמַדְתָּ, see מָעַד).
b. as seat of keenest pain, due to grief or dread Nahum 2:11; Isaiah 21:3 (as in travail); so probably also Psalm 66:11 (compare Bae; and see מוּעָקָה below עוק).
מָתְנַיִם dual. the loins, the lower part of the back (so called from the idea of strength; see the root מָתַן ), Greek ὀσφύς, which was bound round with the girdle, 2 Kings 4:29, 9:1 Isaiah 20:2; Jeremiah 1:17; Genesis 37:34, on which burdens were sustained, Psalms 66:11 the seat of pain in parturient women, Isaiah 21:3; Nahum 2:11 also the seat of strength (see the orig.; comp. Latin elumbis, delumbare for debilitate); hence מָחַץ מָתְנֵי פ׳ “to crush any one’s loins,” i.e. to crush him wholly, Deuteronomy 33:11 compare Ezekiel 21:11 tottering loins, used of a man nearly falling, Psalms 69:24. Wherein it differs from the word יָרֵךְ thigh, see under that word.
(Arab. مَتْنَانِ and Syr. ܡܰܬܢܳܬܳܐ id. more rarely there is also used the sing. مَتْنُ one side of the loins or lower back, protuberant with flesh and nerves).