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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #3759 - כַּרְמֶל

from (H3754)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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1) plantation, garden-land, orchard, fruit orchard

2) fruit, garden-growth (metonymy)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 290 ‑ ἀμπελών (am‑pel‑ohn');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (11)
Leviticus 2
2 Kings 1
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 3
NAS (32)
Leviticus 4
2 Kings 4
2 Chronicles 2
Isaiah 15
Jeremiah 5
Micah 2
HCS (15)
Leviticus 1
2 Kings 1
2 Chronicles 1
Isaiah 8
Jeremiah 3
Micah 1
BSB (15)
Leviticus 2
2 Kings 2
Isaiah 8
Jeremiah 3
ESV (13)
Leviticus 2
2 Kings 2
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 3
WEB (12)
Leviticus 1
2 Kings 1
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 3
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

3029) lmrk (כרמל KRML) AC: ? CO: Garden AB: ?

Nm ) lmrk (כרמל KRML) - Garden: A field that produces an abundance of fruit. KJV (13): fruitful field, plentiful field, full ear, green ear, full ears of corn, plentiful - Strongs: H3759 (כַּרְמֶל)

bm) limrk (כרמיל KRMYL) - Crimson: KJV (3): crimson - Strongs: H3758 (כַּרְמִיל)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. כַּרְמֶל noun masculine Isaiah 29:17

1 plantation, garden-land.

2 fruit, garden-growth (ל + כֶּרֶם, compare Ges§ 85, 52Sta§ 299); — absolute ׳כ Isaiah 16:10 12t.; suffix כַּדְמִלּוֺ Isaiah 10:18 2t.; —

1 garden-land, Isaiah 16:10 ׅ "" ( כְּרָמִים, Isaiah 10:18 ׅ "" (יַעַר, Isaiah 29:17 (twice in verse) (opposed to לְבָנוֺןיַעַר), Isaiah 32:15 (twice in verse) (opposed to מִדְבָּריַעַר), Isaiah 32:16; Jeremiah 4:26 (opposed to מִדְבָּר), Jeremiah 48:33; 2 Chronicles 26:10 (opposed to הֶהָרִים); ׳אֶרֶץ הַכּ Jeremiah 2:7 the country of garden-land, i.e. fertile; יַעַָר כַּרְמִלּוֺ 2 Kings 19:23 = Isaiah 37:24, the garden-like forest of it (namely of Lebanon). On Micah 7:14 see II. כַּרְמֶל.

2 by metonymy ( fresh) fruit, garden growth, 2 Kings 4:42 (+ לֶחֶם שְׂעוֺרִים Leviticus 2:14 (+ קָוָּי בָּאֵשׁאָבִיב and גֶּרֶשׂ, q. v.); ׳לֶחֶם וְקָלִי וכ Leviticus 23:14.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

כַּרְמֶל (from the noun כֶּרֶם with the addition of the termination el, which appears to me to have a diminutive force; see p. 321, A.) m.

(1) a garden, a place cultivated as a garden, planted with fruit trees, herbs, corn, etc. (Kimchi, מקום אילנות פירות ושדות תבואה), sometimes used in opposition to a desert, sometimes to a forest; Isaiah 29:17, “Lebanon is changed into a garden, and the garden shall be a forest;” Isaiah 32:15, 16 Isaiah 32:16; Jeremiah 2:27, “I brought you forth אֶל־אֶרֶץ הַכַּרְמֶל into a land like a garden, that ye might eat the fruit thereof,” Isai. 10:18 16:10 Jeremiah 48:33; 2 Chronicles 26:10 with suff. כַּרְמִלּוֹ 2 Kings 19:23 used of Lebanon, יַעַר כַּרְמִלּוֹ “its forest like a garden,” that is, the nursery of cedars in the recesses of Lebanon.

(2) meton. it appears to denote garden fruits, as being earlier and of finer quality; just as we cultivate the better and earlier species of fruits and legumes in gardens, and prefer such to those of the fields. Thus I understand גֶּרֶשׂ כַּרְמֶל Leviticus 2:14, i.e. grits, corns, polenta, early grain; and thus by an ellipsis of a common word, כַּרְמֶל Levit. 23:14 2 Kings 4:42. In both the passages in Leviticus ג׳ כַּרְמֶל are offered on the altar with bread of the first fruits, with which it is also joined; 2 Ki. loc. cit.; and perhaps we may understand groats, polenta (ἄλφιτα), made from the fresh and early grain by rubbing out and skinning (frifche Weizen-und Gerftengrüße), for which, as an offering to God, they would take the best and earliest of that grown in the gardens. The interpretation given by Hebrew writers is thus not absurd, but opens the way to the truth, שבלת רכה ולחה a fresh and tender ear of corn (not a green ear).

(3) [Carmel], pr.n.

(a) of a very fertile promontory, situated on the Mediterranean sea, on the southern border of the tribe of Asher: it commonly has the art. הַכַּרְמֶל Amos 1:2, 9:3 Jeremiah 4:26; Song of Solomon 7:6 fully הַר הַכַּרְמֶל (the mountain of the garden), 1 Kings 18:19, 20 1 Kings 18:20 without the art. Isaiah 33:9; Nahum 1:4; Joshua 19:26. Cant. loc. cit. ראֹשֵׁךְ עָלַיִךְ כַּכַּרְמֶל “thy head (is) like Carmel;” i.e. adorned with hair, as that mountain is with trees. Comp. Relandi Palæstina, page 327.

(b) of a town amongst the mountains to the west of the Dead Sea, where there is now el Kirmel [كُرمُل Kurmul. Robinson], a chalky mountain, Joshua 15:55; 1 Samuel 15:12, 25:5. See Relandi Palæstina, p. 695; Seetzen in v. Zach’s Monatlicher Correspondenz, t. 17, page 134.

The Gentile noun is כַּרְמְלִי 1 Samuel 30:5; 2 Samuel 23:35 fem. ־ִית 1 Samuel 27:3.

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List of Word Forms
בַּכַּרְמֶ֥ל בכרמל הַכַּרְמֶ֔ל הַכַּרְמֶ֖ל הכרמל וְהַכַּרְמֶ֖ל וְהַכַּרְמֶ֖ל וְכַרְמִלּ֔וֹ וְכַרְמֶ֖ל וְכַרְמֶ֜ל והכרמל וכרמל וכרמלו כַּרְמִלּֽוֹ׃ כַּרְמֶ֔ל כרמל כרמלו׃ לַכַּרְמֶ֑ל לַכַּרְמֶ֔ל לכרמל מִכַּרְמֶ֖ל מכרמל bak·kar·mel bakkarmel hak·kar·mel hakkarmel kar·mel kar·mil·lōw karmel karmilLo karmillōw lak·kar·mel lakkarmel mik·kar·mel mikkarmel vecharMel vecharmilLo vehakkarMel wə·hak·kar·mel wə·ḵar·mel wə·ḵar·mil·lōw wəhakkarmel wəḵarmel wəḵarmillōw
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