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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #2029 - הָרָה
1) to conceive, become pregnant, bear, be with child, be conceived, progenitor
1a) (Qal) to conceive, become pregnant
1b) (Pual) to be conceived
1c) (Poel) to conceive, contrive, devise
1112) re (הר HR) AC: High CO: Hill AB: ?: The pictograph r is a representation of a head. In Hebrew thought all things are in motion. A mountain or hill is not inanimate but the head of the landscape rising up out of the ground. (eng: hill - an exchange for the l and r)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular וְהָרָה consecutive Psalm 7:15; 3 feminine singular הָרָ֑תָה Genesis 16:4,5; 2 feminine singular וְהָרִית consecutive Judges 13:3; 1 singular הָרִיתִי Numbers 11:12; 1 plural הָרִינוּ Isaiah 26:18; Imperfect וַתַּ֫הַר Genesis 4:1 26t. (וַתַּ֑הַר Genesis 16:4); 3 feminine plural וַתַּהֲרֶיןָ Genesis 19:36; 2 masculine plural תַּהֲרוּ Isaiah 33:11; Infinitive absolute הָרֹה Job 15:35, הָרוֺ Isaiah 59:4 compare also Isaiah 59:13 below
Po. below; Participle feminine suffix הוֺרָתִי Song of Solomon 3:4; הוֺרָתָם Hosea 2:7; —
1 literally conceive, become pregnant Genesis 16:4 (twice in verse); Genesis 16:5; Genesis 19:36; Genesis 25:21; Genesis 38:18 (all J), 2 Samuel 11:5 (agency of man expressed by מִן Genesis 19:36, לְ Genesis 38:18); usually in phrase וַתַּהַר וַתֵּלֶד Genesis 4:1,17; Genesis 21:2; Genesis 29:32,33,34,35; Genesis 30:5,7 (all J), Genesis 30:17; Genesis 30:19; Genesis 30:23 (all E), Genesis 38:3,4 (both J), Exodus 2:2 (E), 1 Samuel 1:20; 1 Samuel 2:21; 2 Kings 4:17; 1 Chronicles 7:23; Isaiah 8:3; Hosea 1:3,6,8, probably also 1 Chronicles 4:17 ותהראֶתמִֿרְיָם [ותלד] compare Be; further Judges 13:3, and compare Moses' question הֶאָנֹכִי הָרִיתִי אֵת כָּלהָֿעָם הַזֶּהאִםאָֿנֹכִי יְלִדְתִּיהוּ Numbers 11:12 have I conceived all this people, or have I brought it forth? Participle f. "" אֵם Hosea 2:7; Song of Solomon 3:4.
2 metaph. הָרִינוּ חַלְנוּ כְמוֺ יָלַדְנוּ רוּחַ Isaiah 26:18 of anxious and disappointed waiting; תַּהֲרוּ חֲשַׁשׁ תֵּלְדוּ קַשׁ Isaiah 33:11, of futile planning, compare Che; elsewhere of evil, mischief וְהָרָה עָמָלוְיָלַד שָׁ֑קֶר Psalm 7:15 (subject wicked man), compare Job 15:35; Isaiah 59:4, so also Isaiah 59:13, read הָרוֺ (Infinitive absolute) compare Di.
Pu`al Perfect 3 masculine singular הֹרָה נָּ֑בֶר Job 3:3 a man hath been conceived (Bö ii. p. 103 Ba NB 77 regard as
Po. Infinitive absolute, conceive, contrive, devise הֹרוֺ וְהֹגוֺמִלֵּב דִּבְרֵי שָׁ֑קֶר Isaiah 59:13, but read rather הָרוֺ וְהָגוֺ
Qal Infinitive absolute see above (Ba l.c. explanation ᵑ0 as
Qal Infinitive passive). — On הוֺרַי Genesis 49:26 see הוֺר and הַר 1.c.
(1) to conceive (as a woman), to become pregnant [“The etymology seems to lie in the idea of swelling; kindred to הָרַר, הַרְהֵר.” Ges.add.], Genesis 4:1, 17 16:4 21:2 25:21 29:32 followed by לְ of the man by whom she conceives, Genesis 38:18. Part. הוֹרָה she who conceives; hence used poet. for a mother, Song of Solomon 3:4; Hosea 2:7. The Hebrew interpreters also consider the plur. הוֹרִים to be as if by zeugma (comp. Arabic أَبَانِ both fathers, for parents), to be put for parents, Genesis 49:26 but see under the word הוֹר.
(2) metaph. to conceive in the mind; hence to plan, to devise any thing. Psalms 7:15, הָרָה עָמָל וְיָלַד שֶׁקֶר “he conceived mischief, and brought forth falsehood;” Job 15:35; Isaiah 33:11, 59:4.
Paul הֹרָה pass. to be conceived. Job 3:3, “and (let) the night (perish, which) said הֹרָה גֶבֶר there is a man child conceived.” Well explained by Schultens, “Inducitur nox illa (in qua Jobus conceptus sit) quasi conscia mysterii et exultans ob spem prolis virilis.”
It is altogether without ground that some have also ascribed to this verb, the signification of bringing forth, appealing to 1 Chronicles 4:17, וַתַּהַר אֶת־מִרְיָם, for all that the passage shews is that the mention of the birth is omitted.
Poel, inf. absol. הֹרוֹ Isaiah 59:13, i.q. Kal No. 2.
The derived nouns are הֵרוֹן, הָרִי, הֵרָיוֹן [and the following]