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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #184 - אָוָה

a primitive root
Parts of Speech

1) to sign, mark, describe with a mark

1a) (Hithpael) to measure, mark out, mark you out

Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (1)
NAS (1)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1006) fa (או AW) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Desire: The pictograph f , replacing the e , is a peg representing the idea of attaching something. This root has the idea of adding something out of desire. This root is closely related to the root ea. (eng: or - with an added r)

A) fa (או AW) AC: Desire CO: ? AB: ?

Nm ) fa (או AW) - Or: An alternative or optional desire. KJV (21): also, and, desire, either, least, nor, or, otherwise, should, then, whether - Strongs: H176 (אוֹ)

Nf1) efa (אוה AWH) - Desire: What is good or bad, that is desired. KJV (7): desire, lust after, pleasure - Strongs: H185 (אַוָּה)

fm) ifa (אוי AWY) - Oh: A passionate cry of desire. KJV (24): woe, alas - Strongs: H188 (אוֹי)

ff1) eifa (אויה AWYH) - Woe: A passionate cry of desire. KJV (1): woe - Strongs: H190 (אוֹיָה)

afm) ifam (מאוי MAWY) - Desire: What is desired. KJV (1): desires - Strongs: H3970 (מַאֲוִיִּים)

H) efa (אוה AWH) AC: Point CO: ? AB: ?

V) efa (אוה AWH) - Point: To point out what is desired. KJV (1): (vf: Hitpael) point - Strongs: H184 (אָוָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָוָה a root not used in Kal. Properly, to bend, to inflect, comp. עָוָה; whence

(1) to turn aside, to turn aside to lodge, to dwell, i.q. Arab. أَوىَ Conj. I. II. مَأْوىً dwelling, see the derivative אִי.

(2) i.q. Arab. أَوَى to have an inclination, to desire, to long for; see Pi. Hithp., and comp. חָפֵץ. Cognate roots are אָבָה aveo, and Arab. هَوِىَ to desire.

Piel אִוָּה i.q. Kal No. 2, to desire, to wish for; Proverbs 21:10, נֶפֶשׁ רָשָׁע אִוְּתָה רָע “the soul of the wicked desireth evil.” Always applied to the soul (נֶפֶשׁ), Deuteronomy 12:20, 14:26 Job 23:13; 1 Samuel 2:16; 2 Samuel 3:21, except the instances, Psalms 132:13, 14 Psalms 132:14. Isaiah 26:9, נַפְשִׁי אִוִּיתִיךָ בַּלַּיְלָה “my soul, i.e. I desire thee in the night.” Comp. עַבְדְּךָ for I, followed by 1 pers., Genesis 44:32.

Hithpael, הִתְאַוָּה fut. apoc. יִתְאָו; (Proverbs 23:3, Proverbs 23:6), i.q. Pi.; but pr. to desire, wish, for oneself. Const. absol. 1 Chronicles 11:17 with an acc. Deuteronomy 5:18; Jeremiah 17:16 with a dat. Proverbs 23:3, Proverbs 23:6. הִתְאַוָּה תַאֲוָה prop. “to desire a desire,” i.e. to burn with desire, to lust after, Numbers 11:4; Psalms 106:14. There is this difference between Piel and Hithpael, that the latter is never joined, the former [almost] always to the subst. נֶפֶשׁ. The derived nouns, besides those which follow, are אַו constr. אוֹ, אִי No. I, מַאֲוַיִּים, תַּאֲוָה.

II. אָוָה an unused root, but onomatop. to howl, to cry out; Arab. عَوَى to howl as a dog, wolf, or jackal; see אוֹי, אִי.

III. אָוָה It appears necessary to defend the power of, to mark, to designate, to describe, as belonging to this root, as found in תָּאָה and תָּוָה; comp. אָבָה, אָוָה, תָּאַב to long for. This signification is manifest both in the noun אוֹת (for אֹוֶת) a mark, and in the words, Numbers 34:10, הִתְאַוִּיתֶם לָכֶם “ye shall mark out for you (the borders);” comp. verses Numbers 34:7, Numbers 34:8, where in the same context there is found in the future תְּתָאוּ לָכֶם. LXX. and Syr. in all three places, καταμετρήσετε, ܬܬܚܡܘܢ ye shall bound, limit.

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List of Word Forms
וְהִתְאַוִּיתֶ֥ם והתאויתם vehitavviTem wə·hiṯ·’aw·wî·ṯem wəhiṯ’awwîṯem
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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