the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1116 - בּוּם
1) high place, ridge, height, bamah (technical name for cultic platform)
1a) high place, mountain
1b) high places, battlefields
1c) high places (as places of worship)
1d) funeral mound?
L) mbi (יבמ YBM) AC: Marry CO: Brother-in-law AB: ?: When a husband dies his brother takes his place as his sister-in-laws husband. Any children born to him will be of his brothers line in order to continue, lift up, his family.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 high place, mountain: בָּמוֺת יָעַר forest mountains Micah 3:12 = Jeremiah 26:18; במות עולם ancient mountains Ezekiel 36:2; במות ארנן Numbers 21:28 (E poetry)
2 high places, battle-fields, the chief places of the land giving possession, victory, dominion: על במותיך on thy high places (Gilboa, the battle-field) 2 Samuel 1:19,25 (in 2 Samuel 1:19 ᵐ5 has a doublet מֵתֶיךָ thy dead, see We Dr).
a. of Israel: רכב על במתיארץ ride upon the high places of the land Deuteronomy 32:13 & Isaiah 58:14 compare Deuteronomy 33:29; Psalm 18:34 = 2 Samuel 22:34; Habakkuk 3:19.
b. of God: דרך על במתי ארץ tread upon the high places of the earth Amos 4:13 compare Micah 1:3; במתי ים Job 9:8; עלה על במתי עב (aspiration of the king of Babylon) Isaiah 14:14.
3 high places, as places of worship, at first on hills and mountains, later on artificial mounds or platforms, under green trees, and in cities; still later for the chapels erected thereon, and once apparently for a portable sanctuary (decked with diverse colours) Ezekiel 16:16. The ancient worship of Israel was conducted on these high places. In the times of Samuel and David they ascended to them, descended from them, and offered sacrifices on them, 1 Samuel 9:12-25; 1 Samuel 10:5,13 (הבמה for הביתה We Dr). The custom continued in the reign of Song of Solomon , but Gibeon was הבמההגדולה 1 Kings 3:2-4compare 1 Chronicles 16:39; 1 Chronicles 21:29; 2 Chronicles 1:3,13. High places of Baal were also used Numbers 22:41 (E) Jeremiah 19:5; Jeremiah 32:35; of Moab Isaiah 15:2; Isaiah 16:12; Jeremiah 48:35 (compare MI27); these must be demolished Numbers 33:52 (J). Solomon built במות (platforms or chapels) to Chemosh and Milkom on the Mt. of Evil Counsel opposite Jerusalem 1 Kings 11:7: Jeroboam made temples on the ancient high places of Dan and Bethel 1 Kings 12:31,32; 2 Chronicles 11:15; they are called במות און Hosea 10:8, במות ישׂחק Amos 7:9: the kings of Israel built במות and בתי הבמות in all their cities 2 Kings 17:9, and the people worshipped there 2 Kings 17:11; these were also used by the mixed population after the exile of Israel 2 Kings 17:29,32 (twice in verse): these various idolatrous high places were first destroyed by Josiah 1 Kings 13:2; 1 Kings 13:32; 1 Kings 13:38; 2 Kings 23:5-20 2 Chronicles 34:3. The worship of Yahweh on high places continued in Judah until the exile 1 Kings 22:44; 2 Kings 15:35; the sanctity code predicts that Yahweh will destroy them Leviticus 26:30; they were regarded as the reason for the rejection of Shiloh Psalm 78:58. The compiler of Kings, writing from the point of view of the Deuteronomic code, complains רַק הַבָּמוֺתלֹא סָרוּ 2 Kings 12:4; 2 Kings 14:4; 2 Kings 15:4,35 compare 2 Chronicles 15:17; 20:33, and praises the few pious kings who destroyed them.
a. Rehoboam built במות with מצבות & אשׁרים on every high hill and under every green tree 1 Kings 14:23.
b. Asa did not remove the high places 1 Kings 15:14 ( 2 Chronicles 14:2; 2 Chronicles 14:4 is incorrect unless במות בעל).
c. Jehoshaphat in his reform on the basis of the covenant code did not remove them 1 Kings 22:44 (עוֺד הֵסִיר אֶתהַֿבָּמוֺת 2 Chronicles 17:16 is doubtless incorrect, possibly read מצבות); Jehoram, his Song of Solomon , made high places in the cities of Judah 2 Chronicles 21:11 (ᵐ5ᵑ9; not mountains HCT); and Ahaz sacrificed on high places on the hills and under every green tree and in every city of Judah 2 Kings 16:4; 2 Chronicles 28:4,25; compare Micah 1:5 (read חטאת? so ᵐ5ᵑ6 ᵑ7 Che and others; yet compare JBL1890,73f.)
d. Hezekiah removed them 2 Kings 18:4,22; 2 Chronicles 31:1; 32:12; Isaiah 36:7; but Manasseh rebuilt them 2 Kings 21:3; 2 Chronicles 33:3,19, and the people continued to sacrifice thereon to Yahweh 2 Chronicles 33:17.
e. Josiah, in his reform, based on the Deuteronomic code, defiled them and brake them down from Geba to Beersheba 2 Kings 23:5,8,9; but subsequently there were במותהתפת in the valley of Ben Hinnom Jeremiah 7:31, and במות throughout Judah Jeremiah 17:3 compare Ezekiel 6:3,6; Ezekiel 20:29 (questioned by Ew & Co).
4 funereal mound (?) Ezekiel 43:7 (Thes, but in their high places AV RV; in their death ᵑ7 Theod Ew Hi RVm), Isaiah 53:9 (Lowth Ew Bö Rodwell Orelli; but in his death AV Revelation , or martyr death De Che Br).
בּוּם an unused root, which appears to have had the notion of height, whence בָּמָה a high place, which see. The other Phœnicio-Shemitic languages have not this root (see however Syr. ܒܺܝܡܳܐ 1 Samuel 10:23, Pesh.), but its traces are manifest in the Indo-Germanic stock of languages, as the Pers. بام the top of any thing, roof, βωμός, altar, mound, and βοῦνος, hill, pomus, used of taller trees; in the Germanic languages Bom, Boom, Baum, whence ftch bäumen.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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