the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #08058 - שָׁמַט
1) to release, let drop or loose or rest or fall
1a) (Qal) to let drop or fall
1b) (Niphal) to be made to fall down, be thrown down
1c1) to cause to let drop
1c2) to release, let drop
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal let drop, fall: Imperative masculine plural suffix + Imperfect 3 masculine singular suffix וַיִּשְׁמְטוּהָ (final ו dittograph) שִׁמְטוּהָו 2 Kings 9:33 he said, Let her fall, and they let her fall; then figurative, of letting land rest in seventh year:, 2 masculine singular suffix: תִּשְׁמְטֶנָּה Exodus 23:11 (E); Perfect 2 masculine singular וְשָׁמַטְתָּ֫ה> Jeremiah 17:4 thou shalt let drop thy hand (read יָָֽרְךָ for וּבְךְ JDMich and modern) from (מִן) thine inheritance, i.e. abandon it; Infinitive abs. שָׁמוֺט Deuteronomy 15:2 let fall (a debt in seventh year; see מַשֶּׁה b). — Perfect 3 plural שָֽׁמְטוּ הַבָּקָר 2 Samuel 6:6= 1 Chronicles 13:9 is dubious, most naturally either they let the oxen fall (slip, stumble), or (as Targan) the oxen let it fall (reading שְׁמָטוֺ, that Isaiah , the ark); > Thes the oxen ran away; ᵑ6 slipped (the yoke)? see further Dr.
Niph`al Perfect 3 plural נִשְׁמְטוּ Psalm 141:6 their judges have been thrown down.
Hiph`il 2 masculine singular (?) jussive (?) תַּשְׁמֵט Deuteronomy 15:3 thou, shalt cause thy hand to let drop, etc.; Ba NB 147
Qal; < read תִּשְׁמֹט (compare Dr), יָרֶ֑ךָ: subject
(1) pr. i.q. שָׁמַץ to smite, to strike; also, to cast, to throw down, compare Arab. شمص to strike, to thrust, and to urge on a beast violently. (To this answers the Germ. vulg. fchmeißen, to strike and to cast; Anglo-Sax. smitan; Engl. to smite; rejecting the sibilant, mittere.) Hence
(a) 2 Samuel 6:6, כִּי שָֽׁמְטוּ הַבָּקָר “for the oxen kicked,” were restive (die Rinder fchlugen, fchmißen aus). Vulg. calcitrabant. The other interpretations of this passage are discussed by Bochart, Hieroz. t. i. page 372.
(b) to cast, to throw down (any one from a window into the street), 2 Kings 9:33.
(2) to fall, to let lie
(a) a field untilled, Exodus 23:11.
(b) to remit a debt, Deuteronomy 15:2.
(c) followed by מִן to desist from anything, Jeremiah 17:4.
Niphal, pass. of Kal No. 1, to be cast down, precipitated (from a rock), Psalms 141:6.
Hiphil, i.q. Kal No. 2, b, to remit, Deuteronomy 15:3. Hence