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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #07493 - רָעַשׁ
1) to quake, shake
1a) (Qal) to quake, shake
1b) (Niphal) to be made to quake
1c1) to cause to quake
1c2) to cause to spring or leap (of horse)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular רָעֲשָׁה Jeremiah 8:16; Jeremiah 49:21, רָעָ֑שָׁה Judges 5:4; Psalm 68:9; 3 plural רָעֲשׁוּ Joel 2:10 +, etc. Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִרְעַשׁ Psalm 72:16,3feminine plural תִּרְעַשְׁנָה Ezekiel 26:10, etc.; Participle plural רֹעֲשִׁים Jeremiah 4:24; — quake, shake, of earth Judges 5:4 = Psalm 68:9,2Samuel 22:8 ("" רגז) = Psalm 18:8 ("" id.), Psalm 77:19 (+ רגז), also Isaiah 13:13 (with עַלכֵּֿן, + מִמְּקוֺמוֺ, pregnantly; "" רָגַז), Jeremiah 51:29; with מִן causative Jeremiah 8:16; Jeremiah 10:10; Jeremiah 49:21; of מוֺסְדֵי אָ֑רֶץ Isaiah 24:18; of heavens Joel 2:10 (לִפְנֵי causative; "" רָגַז); heavens and earth Joel 4:16; mountains Jeremiah 4:24; Nahum 1:5 (מִן person causative ), Psalm 46:4 (ב causative ); walls Ezekiel 26:10 (מִן causative ); אִיִּים Ezekiel 26:15 (id.); מִגְרשׁוֺת Ezekiel 27:28 (ל causative ); הַסִּמִּים Amos 9:1; all living things Ezekiel 38:20 (מִמָּנַי causative ); of waving grain Psalm 72:16.
Niph`alנִרְעֲשָׁה הָאָרֶץ Jeremiah 50:46 is made to quake (מִקּוֺל).
Hiph`il Perfect 2 masculine singular הִרְעַשְׁתָּה Psalm 60:4; 1 singular הַרְעַשְׁתִּי Ezekiel 31:16; ׳וְהִר consecutive Haggai 2:7; Imperfect 2 masculine singular suffix 3 masculine singular (הֲ)תַרְעִישֶׁנּוּ Job 39:20; Participle מַרְעִישׁ Isaiah 14:16 2t.; —
1 cause to quake, subject ׳י, with accusative of heavens, earth, nations, etc., Haggai 2:6,7,21, compare Psalm 60:4; nations + מִקּוֺל Ezekiel 31:16; subject Prayer of Manasseh , with accusative of kingdoms Isaiah 14:16 ("" מַרְגִּיז).
2 cause (horse) to spring, leap (like locust), man subject, Job 39:20.
רָעַשׁ [“to shake, to tremble”] to be moved, to be shake; hence to tremble, as the earth, Judges 5:4; Isaiah 13:13, “the earth shall be moved from its place,” shall tremble (compare Job 9:6); the heaven, Joel 2:10, 4:16 the mountains, Jeremiah 4:24; Nahum 1:5 the sea-coast, Ezekiel 26:15. (Arab. رعس and رعش to tremble; but the origin of the Hebrew word and the primary notion lies in noise and crashing, which takes place from concussion, see the subst. רָעַשׁ, and under the root רָעַע). Used of the rustling (Raufchen) of grain moved by the wind, Psalms 72:16.
Niphal, i.q. Kal, to be moved, shaken (said of the earth), Jeremiah 50:46.
(1) to move, to shake, cause to tremble, the heaven and earth, Psalms 60:4; Haggai 2:6, Haggai 2:7 kingdoms, Isaiah 14:16 hence to terrify the nations, Ezekiel 31:16. Specially
(2) to make a horse leap (as verbs of trembling are applied to leaping, compare נָתַר Piel, חָרַג, הַרְגַּל, and the kindred verb to this, רָבַשׁ No. II.), Job 39:20, הֲתַרְעִישֶׁנּוּ כָּאַרְבֶּה “dost thou make (i.e. teach) him to leap like a locust?” lehrft du es hüpfen (galoppiren), wie die Heufchrecke? Hence