the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #07087 - קָפָא
1) to thicken, condense, congeal, settle, become dense (verb)
1a) (Qal) to be condensed
1a1) thickening (participle)
1b) (Hiphil) to cause to curdle
2) congelation (noun masculine)
1431) pq (קפ QP) AC: Condense CO: Sun AB: ?: The pictograph q is a picture of the sun at the horizon, the p is a picture of the mouth. Combined these mean "sun speaks". As the sun travels through the sky it marks (speaks, commands) the times and seasons (see Genesis 1:14) . The condensing of the light at the sun when at the horizons, a condensing of milk into curdles. A going around of the sun from one horizon to the other.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 plural קָֽפְאוּ תְהֹמֹת Exodus 15:8 (song) the deeps were condensed, became firm walls; Imperfect יקפאון Zechariah 14:6 Kt (i.e. יִקְמָּא֑וּן [possible is also יִקָּפֵא֑וּן
Niph`al]) Thes and others glorious(?) ones [stars] shall contract (dwindle), but read Qr וְמָּאוֺן see following Participle הַקֹּפְאִים עַלאשִׁמְרַיהֶם Zephaniah 1:12 the men who are thickening on their lees (easy-going men, under figure of undisturbed wine).
Hiph`il Imperfect 2 masculine singular suffix תַּקְמִּיאֵנִי Job 10:10 didst thou not curdle me like cheese (of formation of foetus) ?
קָפָא to contract oneself, to draw oneself together (cogn. to גָּבָא, syn. גָּבַן), specially
(1) to draw up the feet, to sit with the feet drawn up, Zephaniah 1:12 (compare Jeremiah 48:11).
(2) to curdle, to coagulate as milk (see Hiph.); poet. of the water of the sea, Exodus 15:8 [speaking of a literal miracle].
[“Niphal, to be contracted, withdrawn, Zechariah 14:6, כתיב.”]
Hiphil, causat. of No. 2, Job 10:10. (Talmud. id. Arab. and Syr. قَفَّ, ܩܰܦ id.) Hence
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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