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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #06140 - עָקַשׁ
1) to be perverse, twist, pervert, make crooked, prove perverse, declare perverse
1a) (Niphal) to be crooked
1b) (Piel) to twist, distort, pervert, make crooked
1c) (Hiphil) to declare crooked
1d) (Qal) perverse
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Niph`al Participle construct דְּרָכַיִם Proverbs 28:18 one crooked in ways (< plural, compare Toy).
Pi`el Perfect 3 plural עִקְּשׁז לָהֶם Isaiah 59:8 their paths they have twisted. Imperfect 3 masculine plural יְעַקֵּ֑שׁזּ Micah 3:9 all that is straight they make crooked; Participle מְעַקֵּשׁ דְּרָכָיו Proverbs 10:9 (compare Niph`al).
Hiph`il Imperfect וַיּעְקְשֵׁנִי Job 9:20 (Ges§ 53 n) he hath declared me crooked, devious (in life).
עָקַשׁ to twist, to pervert. Arab. عقش and عقص id. Metaph. to pervert any one, in a forensic sense, is i.q. to pervert or wrest his cause, Job 9:20, “(although) I were upright וַיַּעְקְשֵׁנִי (God) would pervert my cause” (in the other hemistich יַרְשִׁיעֵנִי would declare me guilty).
Piel id. to pervert, Micah 3:9. To pervert one’s ways is i.q. to act perversely, Isaiah 59:8; Proverbs 10:9.
Niphal, pass. to be perverse. Part. נֶעֱקַשׁ דְּרָכַיִם whose ways are perverse, Proverbs 28:18.
Derivatives, עִקֵּשׁ, עִקְשׁוּת, מַעֲקַשִּׁים.