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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #03899 - לֶחֶם
1) bread, food, grain
1b) food (in general)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
לֶחֶם of both genders (m. Numbers 21:5 f. Genesis 49:20).
(1) food, both of men and of beasts, Leviticus 3:11; Psalms 41:10, 102:5 Job 20:14 לֶחֶם אֱלֹהִים the food of God, used of sacrifice, Leviticus 21:8, 17 Leviticus 21:17. Jeremiah 11:19, עֵץ בְּלַחְמוֹ “the tree with its food,” i.e. its fruit (compare Arab. أُكْلُ food, used of fruit). לֶחֶם הַפֶּחָה the food of the governor, the provision for his table (Tafelgelder), Nehemiah 5:18 comp. verse 15 לַחְמְךָ Obadiah 1:7, ellipt. for אַנְשֵׁי לַחְמְךָ those who eat of thy table, thy household; used of banquets, or meals, in the phrases אָכַל לֶחֶם to eat food (see אָכַל 1, let. ); and עָשָׂה לֶחֶם to furnish a banquet or meal, Ecclesiastes 10:19.
(2) specially bread (as in Arab. لَحْمُ is specially flesh); לֶחֶם הַפָּנִים bread of the presence; LXX. ἄρτοι ἐνώπιοι; Vulg. panes propositionis; Luth. Schaubrodte; [Engl. Trans. shew-bread.] Twelve small loaves which were set out in the holy tabernacle before Jehovah every week (in the manner of lectisternia), Exodus 25:30, 35:13 39:36 called in the later books לֶחֶם הַמַּעֲרֶכֶת. When numerals are prefixed, כִּכְּרוֹת must be supplied; 1 Samuel 10:4, שְׁתֵּי לֶחֶם two (loaves) of bread; compare verse 1 Samuel 10:3, once even
(3) wheat, of the flour of which the Hebrews made their bread; bread-corn, Brotkorn (comp. Arab. طَعَامُ food; specially wheat; and on the other hand, Gr. σῖτος, wheat, then food of any kind). Isaiah 28:28, לֶחֶם יוּדַק וְגו׳ “wheat is threshed indeed, but they do not beat it hard,” etc.
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19