the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #02287 - חָגַג
1) to hold a feast, hold a festival, make pilgrimage, keep a pilgrim-feast, celebrate, dance, stagger
1a1) to keep a pilgrim-feast
1a2) to reel
1164) ch (ההג HhG) AC: Feast CO: Circle AB: Terror: The pictograph h is a picture of a wall representing outside. The c is a picture of a foot and represents a gathering. Combined these mean "outside gathering". The gathering together for a festival, usually in the form of a circle for dancing and feasting. (eng: hug - as an encircling; circ - an exchange of the h and c and the g and c; cog - an exchange of the h and c)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 2 masculine plural חַגֹּתֶם Exodus 12:14 2t.; Imperfect 2 masculine singular תָּחֹג Exodus 23:14; Deuteronomy 16:15; 3 masculine plural יָח֫וֺגּוּ Psalm 107:27 (Bö§ 1118 (2)); וְיָחֹ֫גּוּ Exodus 5:1; 2 masculine plural תָּחֹ֫גּוּ Leviticus 23:39,41; suffix תְּחָגֻּ֫הוּ Exodus 12:14; Imperative feminine חָגִּי Nahum 2:1; Infinitive construct חֹג Zechariah 14:18 + 2t., Participle חוֺגֵג Psalm 42:5; plural חֹגְַגִים 1 Samuel 30:16; —
1 keep a pilgrim-feast, absolute Exodus 5:1 (JE) of one proposed by Moses; שׁלשׁרגלים תחג לי three times shalt thou make pilgrimage unto me (in the year) Exodus 23:14 (covt. code); of pilgrim-feasts in General Nahum 2:1, the Passover Exodus 12:14 (P); elsewhere feast of Booths; all celebrated in part by sacred processions and dances; המון חוגג Psalm 42:5 multitude keeping festival (led by the Psalmist in procession); חגגחג Leviticus 23:39 (H), Numbers 29:12 (P), Nahum 2:1; Zechariah 14:16,18,19; חגג אתו חג Exodus 12:14 (P), Leviticus 23:41 (H); אתוֺ Leviticus 23:41 (H); suffix Exodus 12:14 (P).
2 behave as at aחָג 1 Samuel 30:16 (of the Amalekites when surprised by David i.e. enjoying themselves merrily, Dr; others, circling in the sacred dance).
3 reel, in giddiness on the sea Psalm 107:27 (compare חָגָּא Isaiah 19:17); this either points to an earlier meaning of v; or better, the Psalm being late, means reel as from festival excesses ("" וְיָנוּעוּ כַשִּׁכּוֺר).
חָגַג (kindred to the root חוּג) to go round in a circle, hence
(1) to dance, 1 Samuel 30:16.
(2) to keep a festival, from the idea of leaping, and dancing in sacred dances, Exodus 5:1; Leviticus 23:41 especially of a public assembly, Psal. 42:5. (Syriac ܚܰܓܐܳ, ܚܰܓܝܺ id. Arabic حَجَّ to go to Mecca, as a Hadj or pilgrim, to keep the public festival.)
(3) to reel, to be giddy, used of drunkards, Psalms 107:27 applied to a Person terrified, whence חָגָּא fear. Hence are derived חָג, חָגָּא and the proper names חַגַּי, חַגִּי, חַגִּיָה, חַגִּית.