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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #810 - ἀσωτία
- an abandoned, dissolute life
- profligacy, prodigality
1. prodigality, wastefulness, Pl. R. 560e, Arist. EN 1107b10; τὴν ἀ. ὑγρότητα προσαγορεύουσιν Crobyl. 4.
2. profligacy, Ephesians 5:18, al.: pl., ἐν ἀσωτίαις καὶ κραιπάλαις Hdn. 2.5.1.
ἀσωτία , -ας , ή
(<ἀ - neg., σώζω ),
[in LXX: Proverbs 28:7 (H2151), 2 Maccabees 6:4*;]
prodigality, wastefulness, profligacy: Ephesians 5:18, Titus 1:6, 1 Peter 4:4 (MM, s.v.).†
SYN.: ἀσέλγεια G766, q.v.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
A good instance of this expressive word occurs in P Par 63ix. 35 (B.C. 165) in the clause preceding that quoted above under ἀσχημονέω : —ἄλλως τε δὴ τῆς πατρικῆς οἰκίας , ὥσπερ καὶ σὺ γινώσκεις , ἔτι ἔνπροσθεν ἄρδην [ἀ ]νατετραμμένης δι᾽ ἀσ [ω ]τίας . It occurs after a hiatus in P Petr III. 21 (b).11 (B.C. 225). A somewhat weaker sense is found in P Fay 12.24 (c. B.C. 103), where it is used of men who had pawned a stolen garment πρὸς ἀσωτείαν ";incontinently."; For the corresponding verb see P Flor I. 99.7 (i/ii A.D.) (= Selections, p. 71), a public notice which his parents set up regarding a prodigal son who ἀσωτευόμενος ἐσπάνισε τὰ αὑτοῦ πάντα , ";by riotous living [cf. ἀσώτως , Luke 15:13] had squandered all his own property,"; and PSI 41.12 (iv/A.D.), where a wife lays a complaint against her husband for misuse of her property καὶ ἀσωδ [εύ ]ων καὶ πράττων [ἃ μὴ τοῖς ε ]ὐγενέσι πρέπι . The word survives in the written MGr.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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