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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #805 - ἀσφαλίζω

from (G804)
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  1. to make firm, to make secure (against harm)
  2. to be made secure
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2388 ‑ חָזַק (khaw‑zak');  8551 ‑ תָּמַךְ (taw‑mak');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (6)
Matthew 4
Acts 2
NAS (7)
Matthew 6
Acts 1
HCS (4)
Matthew 3
Acts 1
BSB (4)
Matthew 3
Acts 1
ESV (4)
Matthew 3
Acts 1
WEB (8)
Matthew 6
Acts 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I Plb. 18.30.3: mostly in Med., fut. -ιοῦμαι J. BJ 2.21.4, but -ίσομαι Id. AJ 13.5.11, and so D.S. 20.24: pf. ἠσφάλισμαι Plb. 5.43.6: plpf. ἠσφάλιστο ib. 7.12: aor. ἠσφαλισάμην Id. 2.22.11; ἠσφαλίσθην J. Vit. 62: some of these tenses are used in pass. sense (v. infr.):

1. fortify, τὸν τόπον Plb. 18.30.3, etc.: Pass., Id. 1.42.7, 4.70.9, Matthew 27:64. secure, BGU 829.9 (i A. D.).

2. more freq. in Med., secure, ἑαυτόν Epicur. Fr. 215; τὰς εἰσβολάς, τὴν χώραν, etc., Plb. 2.65.6, 4.60.5, etc.; τόπους Hero Bel. 101.7; τὸν ὕσπληγγα CIG 2824 (Aphrodisias); shut up, close, πύλην LXX Nehemiah 3:15; ὀφθαλμοὶ ἠσφαλισμένοι, opp. ἀνεῳγμένοι, Polem.Phgn. 55; τοὺς πόδας ἠσφαλίσατο εἰς τὸ ξύλον made them fast, Acts 16:24.

3. secure the person of, arrest, τινά PTeb. 283.19 (i B.C.), cf. PRyl. 68.19 (i B.C., Pass.); seize, τὰ γενήματα ib. 53.29 (ii B.C.).

4. Med., certify, ib. 2.77.40 (ii A.D.).

II Med.,

1. secure oneself against, ward off, τὰς καταφορὰς τῶν μαχαιρῶν Plb. 6.23.4, cf. 9.3.3: abs., safeguard oneself, J. AJ 13.5.10, POxy. 1033.13 (iv A. D.).

2. metaph. in Rhet., safeguard a risky metaphor, ἀ. τὰς μεταφοράς Demetr. Eloc. 85: Pass., λέξις ἠσφαλισμένη τοῖς συνδέσμοις ib. 193. (The word is βάρβαρον acc. to AB 456.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀσφαλίζω: 1 aorist passive infinitive ἀσφαλισθῆναι; 1 aorist middle ἠσφαλισάμην; (ἀσφαλής); especially frequent from Polybius down; "to make firm: to make secure against harm; passive to be made secure": Matthew 27:64 ( τάφος) (Buttmann, 52 (46)); middle, properly, to make secure for oneself or for one's own advantage (often in Polybius): Matthew 27:65f; to make fast τούς πόδας εἰς τό ξύλον, Acts 16:24 (Winers Grammar, § 66, 2 d.; Buttmann, § 147, 8).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(< ἀσφαλής ),

[in LXX: Nehemiah 3:15 (H2388 hi.), Isaiah 41:10 (H8551), Wisdom of Solomon 4:17; Wisdom of Solomon 10:12; Wisdom of Solomon 13:15*;]

to make firm, secure: mid., Matthew 27:65-66, Acts 16:24; pass., Matthew 27:64 (MM, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the physical meaning of this very common verb, the only meaning which occurs in NT, may be quoted P Ryl II. 68.19 (B.C. 89) ὅπως ἀναχθεῖσα ἡ Τ . ἀσφαλισθῆι μ ̣ε ̣χ ̣ρ ̣ι ̣ τοῦ κτλ ., ";be brought up and secured until . . . "; (Ed.), P Tebt II. 283.19 (i/B.C.) τὸν προγεγραμμένον Π . ἀσφαλίσασθαι , ";to secure (arrest) the aforesaid P.,"; ib. I. 53.29 (B.C. 110) ἀσφαλίσασθαι τὰ γενή (ματα ), ";seize the produce"; (Edd.). Ib. II. 407.4 (A.D.199?) ἀσφαλιζόμενος τὰ μέλ ̣λ ̣[ο ]ντα πρὸς ἐμ ̣[ὲ ἐλθεῖν ὑπάρχο ]ν ̣τα , ";securing the property coming to me"; (Edd.) has the commoner applied sense : cf. also P Oxy VII. 1033.13 (A.D. 392) διὰ τοῦτο ἑαυτοὺς ἀσφαλισζόμενοι τούσδε τοὺς λιβέλλους ἐπιδίδομεν , ";therefore to safeguard ourselves we present this petition"; (Ed.), P Lips I. 106.10 ff. (A.D. 98) ἐὰν οὖν ὅ γε γνώσ ̣της σὺν τῷ μετόχῳ ἀσφαλίζηταί σε διὰ τοῦ γράμματεος (l. τος ) τῶν γεωργῶ (ν ). Add P Ryl II. 77.40 (A.D. 192) αὐτὰ ταῦτα ἀσφαλίσομαι κτλ ., ";I will certify these very facts by means of your minutes (Ed.), BGU III. 829.9 (A.D. 100) ἀσφ [άλισο ]ν δὲ τ [ ]ν ἐ [μὴ ]ν ὑπογραφήν , P Hamb I. 29.12 (A.D. 29), where the editors take it as ";enter a protest."; Demetrius de Eloc. 193 says the best ";literary"; style is συνηρτημένη καὶ οἷον ἠσφαλισμένη τοῖς συνδεσμοῖς , ";compacted and (as it were) consolidated by the conjunctions"; (Roberts). Ἀσφάλισμα ";pledge"; occurs BGU I. 248.8, II. 601.7 (?) (both ii/A.D.) : cf. also ib. I. 246.14 (ii/iii A.D.) [π ]αρασφαλίσματα . Cf. MGr ( )σφαλίζω ";shut.";



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ασφαλιζέσθωσαν ασφαλισασθε ασφαλίσασθε ἀσφαλίσασθε ασφαλισθηναι ασφαλισθήναι ἀσφαλισθῆναι ασφαλτοπίσση άσφαλτος ασφάλτου ασφάλτω ασφαλτώσεις ησφαλισάμην ησφαλισαντο ησφαλίσαντο ἠσφαλίσαντο ησφαλισατο ησφαλίσατο ἠσφαλίσατο asphalisasthe asphalísasthe asphalisthenai asphalisthênai asphalisthēnai asphalisthē̂nai esphalisanto esphalísanto ēsphalisanto ēsphalísanto esphalisato esphalísato ēsphalisato ēsphalísato
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