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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #785 - ἀσπίς

of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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  1. an asp, a small and most venomous serpent, the bite of which is fatal unless the bitten part be immediately cut away
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 660 ‑ אֶפְעֶה (ef‑eh');  6620 ‑ פֶּתֶן (peh'‑then);  6848 ‑ צִפְעֹנִי (tseh'‑fah, tsif‑o‑nee');  8314 ‑ שָׂרָף (saw‑rawf');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Romans 1
NAS (1)
Romans 1
HCS (1)
Romans 1
BSB (1)
Romans 1
ESV (1)
Romans 1
WEB (1)
Romans 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀσπίς, ίδος, ἡ,


1. shield, εὔκυκλος Il. 14.428, al.; κυκλοτερής Hdt. 1.194; ἀσπίδος κύκλος A. Th. 489; ὀμφαλόεσσα Il. 4.448, al.; opp. Thracian πέλτη and Persian γέρρον, X. An. 2.1.6, Mem. 3.9.2; ἀσπίδα ῥῖψαι, ἀποβαλεῖν, Anacr. 28, Ar. V. 19, cf. Hdt. 5.95: to estimate a victory, ἀσπίδας ἔλαβον ὡς διακοσίας X. HG 1.2.3: metaph., οὗτος γὰρ ἡμῖν ἀ. οὐ μικρὰ θράσους A. Ag. 1437; τὴν ἀ. ἀποβέβληκεν τοῦ βίον Nicostr. Com. 29, cf. Lib. Or. 62.47.

2. collective, body of men-at-arms, ὀκτακισχιλίη ἀ. Hdt. 5.30, cf. E. Ph. 78, X. An. 1.7.10.

3. military phrases, ἐπ' ἀσπίδας πέντε καὶ εἴκοσι τάξασθαι to be drawn up twenty-five deep or in file, Th. 4.93; στρατιὰν τεταγμένην οὐκ ἐπ' ὀλίγων ἀσπίδων Id. 7.79; ἵστασθαι ἐπὶ τρεῖς ἀσπίδας Ar. Fr. 66; ἐπὶ μιᾶς ἀσπίδος in single line, Isoc. 6.99; ἐπ' ἀσπίδα, παρ' ἀσπίδα (opp. ἐπὶ δόρυ), on the left, towards or to the left, because the shield was on the left arm, X. Cyr. 7.5.6, An. 4.3.26; παρ' ἀσπίδος A. Th. 624; ἐξ ἀσπίδος Plb. 11.23.5; but παρ' ἀσπίδα, literally, beside the shield, Il. 16.400; παρ' ἀ. στῆναι stand in battle, E. Med. 250, Ph. 1001; παρ' ἀ. βεβηκέναι ib. 1073; ἐκπονεῖν Id. Or. 653, cf. Hel. 734; ἐς ἀσπίδ' ἥξειν Id. Ph. 1326; ἀσπίδας συγκλείειν (cf. συγκλείω) ; ἀσπίδα τίθεσθαι serve in the ranks, Pl. Lg. 756a; but θέσθαι τὰς ἀ. pile shields, X. HG 2.4.12; ἐπειδὰν ἀ. ψοφῇ when the shields ring, i.e. when two bodies of men meet in a charge, Id. An. 4.3.29; ἀσπίδα ἀναδέξαι, ἆραι, as a signal, Hdt. 6.115, X. HG 2.1.27.

4. of a round, flat bowl, Aristopho 14.

5. boss on a door, IG 4.1484.79 (Epid.).

II asp, Egyptian cobra, Coluber haié, Hdt. 4.191, Men. 702, Nic. Th. 158, Ph. 2.570, Ael. NA 10.31;

1. a play on signff. I and II, Ar. V. 23.

2. ornament in this form, OGI 90.43 (Rosetta).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀσπίς, ἀσπίδος, , an asp, a small and most venomous serpent, the bite of which is fatal unless the part bitten be immediately cut away: Romans 3:13. (Deuteronomy 32:33; Isaiah 30:6 (etc. Herodotus, Aristotle, others.) Aelian nat. an. 2, 24; 6, 38; Plutarch, mor., p. 380 f. i. e. de Isid. et Osir. § 74; Oppian. cyn. 3, 433.) (Cf. BB. DD. under the word ; Tristram, Nat. Hist. of the Bible, p. 270ff.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀσπίς , -ίδος , ,

[in LXX for H6620, etc.;]

an asp: Romans 3:13.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In OGIS 90.48 (Rosetta stone—B.C. 196) ἀσπίς is used of the ";asp"; or ";serpent"; with which the golden βασιλεῖαι of the King were adorned—αἷς προσκείσεται ἀσπίς : see Dittenberger’s note, and cf. τῶν ἀσπιδοειδῶν βασιλειῶν in the following line.

The etymology of the word is very obscure, but Lewy (Fremdwörter, p. 13) thinks that it may have been formed from the Heb צֶפַע under the influence of ἀσπίς , ";shield."; Boisacq records this guess with a query, which Thumb endorses.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ασπίδα ασπίδας ασπίδες ασπίδι ασπίδος ασπιδων ασπίδων ἀσπίδων ασπίς aspidon aspidōn aspídon aspídōn