the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #609 - ἀποκόπτω
- to cut off, amputate
1. cut off, hew off, freq. in Hom., of men's limbs, κάρη ἀπέκοψε Il. 11.261; ἀπό τ' αὐχένα κόψας ib. 146, al.; in Prose, χεῖρας ἀ. Hdt. 6.91, etc.; ἀγκύρας X. HG 1.6.21; γεφύρας Plu. Nic. 26; amputate, Archig. ap. Orib. 47.13.2; νηῶν ἀποκόψειν ἄκρα κόρυμβα Il. 9.241; ἀπὸ πείσματ' ἔκοψα νεός Od. 10.127; ἀΐξας ἀπέκοψε παρήορον he cut loose the trace-horse, Il. 16.474: — Pass., ἀποκεκόψονται, of buds, will be cut off, Ar. Nu. 1125, cf. M.Ant. 11.8; ἀ. τὴν χεῖρα have it cut off, Hdt. 6.114; ἀ.τὰ γεννητικά, of eunuchs, Ph. 1.89: abs., ἀποκεκομμένος eunuch, LXX De. 23.1, cf. Luc. Eun. 8: — Med., make oneself a eunuch, Galatians 5:12, cf. Arr. Epict. 2.20.19.
2. metaph., ἀπ' ἐλπίδα φημὶ κεκόφθαι ναυτιλίης νόστου τε A.R. 4.1272, cf. Plb. 3.63.8; ἔλεον D.S. 13.23; ἀ. τὸ ἀμφίβολον τῆς γνώμης decide summarily, Alciphr. 1.8; also ἀποκοπῆναι τῆς ἐλπίδος Plu. Pyrrh. 2; διὰ τὸ μὴ ἀποκόπτειν τὴν πολυχρόνιον ζωήν exclude from the reckoning, despair of, Phld. Herc. 1251.22; reject, exclude, Id. Sign. 7, D. 3.13: — Med., dub.in Phld. Mort. 23.
3. esp. of voice or breath, cut short, τὸν τοῦ πνεύματος τόνον D.H. Comp. 14, cf. 22: — Pass., ἀποκέκοπταί τινι ἡ φωνή Plu. Dem. 25, cf. Dsc. Eup. 1.85.
4. of literary periods or phrases, bring to an abrupt close, δεῖ τῆ μακρᾶ -κόπτεσθαι Arist. Rh. 1409a19, cf. Demetr. Eloc. 18, 238.
5. Gramm., in Pass., to be cut short by ἀποκοπή (q.v.), Eust. 487.10, EM 609.54.
6. abstract an idea or word from its context, τὸ ἀγαθὸς ἀποκοπέν Anon. in SE 57.31.
II ἀ. τινὰ ἀπὸ τόπου beat off from a strong place, of soldiers, X. An. 3.4.39, 4.2.10.
III Med., smite the breast in mourning: c. acc., mourn for, νεκρόν E. Tr. 628.
ἀποκόπτω: 1 aorist ἀπεκοψα; future middle ἀποκόψομαι; to cut off, amputate: Mark 9:43 (45); John 18:10, 26; Acts 27:32; ὄφελον καί ἀποκόψονται I would that they (who urge the necessity of circumcision would not only circumcise themselves, but) would even mutilate themselves (or cut off their privy parts), Galatians 5:12. ἀποκόπτεσθαι occurs in this sense in Deuteronomy 23:1; (Philo de alleg. leg. 3:3; de vict. off. § 13; cf. de spec. legg. i. § 7); Epictetus diss. 2, 20, 19; Lucian, Eun. 8; (Dion Cass. 79, 11; Diodorus Siculus 3, 31), and other passages quoted by Wetstein (1752) at the passage (and Sophocles Lexicon under the word). Others incorrectly: I would that they would cut themselves off from the society of Christians, quit it altogether; (cf. Meyer and Lightfoot at the passage).
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ἀπο -κόπτω ,
[in LXX for H7112, H3772, etc.;]
to cut off: Mark 9:43; Mark 9:45, John 18:10; John 18:26 Acts 27:32. Mid., to mutilate oneself, have oneself mutilated: Galatians 5:12 (cf. Deuteronomy 23:1 LXX; and v. Cremer, 751; MM, s.v.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
On this word, taken in the sense of Deuteronomy 23:1 (supported by several instances in literary Κοινή —see Grimm-Thayer) Nägeli has some good remarks (p. 78 f.) : he brings together several phrases which show Paul using a more vernacular style in Gal than anywhere else, the startling passage 5.12 being the climax—";Der zürnende Apostel lässt auch seiner Wortwahl freien Lauf; die stärksten Ausdrücke der Umgangsprache sind etzt die geeignetsten."; Cf. Proleg. pp. 163, 201.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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