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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #574 - ἁπλῶς

from (G573) (in the objective sense of (G572))
Parts of Speech
  1. simply, openly, frankly, sincerely
Frequency Lists  
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KJV (1)
NAS (1)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Adv. of ἁπλοῦς,

1. singly, in one way, μένειν ἁ. ἐν τῇ αὑτοῦ μορφῇ Pl. R. 381c, etc.; ἁ. λέγεσθαι in one sense, opp. πολλαχῶς, Arist. Top. 158b10; ἁ. λεγόμενα, opp. συμπλεκόμενα, Id. Metaph. 1014a19, cf. Ph. 195b15; opp. κατ' ἀλλήλων λέγεσθαι, without distinction of subject and predicate, Metaph. 1041b1; ἐσθλοὶ μὲν γὰρ ἁ. παντοδαπῶς δὲ κακοί Poët. ap. EN 1106b35, etc. II simply, plainly, ἀλλ' ἁ. φράσον A. Supp. 464; ἁ. τι φράζουσ' Id. Ch. 121; ἁ. εἰπεῖν Isoc. 4.154; λαλεῖν Anaxil. 22.23. openly, frankly, Isoc. 3.52, X. HG 4.1.37; in good faith, D. 18.308, etc.: in bad sense, ἁ. ἔχειν to be a simpleton, Isoc. 4.16. in its natural state, uncooked, of food, Jul. Or. 6.192b.

2. simply, absolutely, ἁ. ἀδύνατον Th. 3.45; τῶν νεῶν κατέδυ οὐδεμία ἁ. no ship was absolutely sunk (though some were disabled), Id. 7.34; ἁ. οὐδὲ ἕν.. συνίημι Philem. 123; ὅσ' ἐστὶν ἀγαθὰ.. . simply all the good things there are, Ar. Ach. 873; ἔδωκ' ἐμαυτὸν ὑμῖν ἁ. D. 18.179; . absolutely, opp. κατά τι (relatively), Arist. Top. 115b12; opp. πρός τι, APr. 41a5; opp. πρὸς ἡμᾶς, APo. 72a3; opp. τιϝί, Top. 116a21; ἁ. βαρύ, κοῦφον, μαλακόν, etc., Cael. 311a17, 27, Mete. 386b32, al.; τὸ ἁ. καλόν, τὸ ἁ. ἀγαθόν, etc., EN 1136b22, 1134b4, al.; opp. ὁτιοῦν (in some particular), Pol. 1301a29; strengthd. ἁ. οὕτως Pl. Grg. 468c, D. 21.99; τὴν ἁ. δίκην absolute, strict justice, opp. τοὐπιεικές and χάρις, S. Fr. 770; ἡ τελεία καὶ ἁ. κακία Arist. EN 1138a33; τὸ ἁ. the absolute, Dam. Proverbs 5:1-23 : Comp. ἁπλούστερον Isaiah 4:2; -τερως Str. 6.2.4: Sup. ἁπλούστατα Pl. Lg. 921b.

3. in a word, E. Rh. 851, X. Cyr. 1.6.33, Mem. 1.3.2, etc.

4. generally, opp. σαφέστερον, Arist. Pol. 1341b39, al.; ὡς ἁ. εἰπεῖν ib. 1285a31, EN 1115a8, al.; ἁ. δηλῶσαι Hell.Oxy. 11.4; τὸν ἀκριβῶς ἐπιστάμενον λέγειν ἁ. οὐκ ἂν δυνάμενον εἰπεῖν Isoc. 4.11, cf. Demetr. Eloc. 100, 243: in bad sense, loosely, superficially, λίαν ἁ. Arist. Metaph. 987a21, GA 756b17, al.; οὐχ ἁ. φέρειν not lightly, E. IA 899.

5. foolishly, Plu. 2.72b.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἁπλῶς ,


(< ἁπλοῦς ),

[in LXX: Proverbs 10:9 (H8537), Wisdom of Solomon 16:27, 2 Maccabees 6:6 *;]

simply, sincerely, graciously: James 1:5. ("Later writers comprehend under the one word the whole magnanimous and honourable type of character in which ... singleness of mind is the central feature "-Hort, Ja., l.c.)†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The adverb is frequent in legal documents to lend emphasis to a statement : P Oxy II. 237vi. 21 (A.D. 186) ἄλλο ἀδίκημα εἰς αὑτὸν ἁπλῶς, ";any other single act of injustice against himself,"; cf. P Flor I. 28.15 (ii/A.D.) παντὸς ἁπλῶς εἴδους, and similarly P Amh II. 96.3 (A.D. 213). So with the negative P Lond 1218.10 (A.D. 39) (= III. p. 130) οὐκ εἶχον ἁπ ̣λ ̣ω ̣̑ς πρᾶγμα, P Oxy II. 268.16 (A.D. 58) περὶ ἄλλου μηδενὸς ἁπλῶς ἐνγράπτου ἢ ἀγράφου πράγματος, ";concerning any other matter whatever written or unwritten,"; ib. VI. 906.5 (ii/iii A.D.) μηδὲ περὶ ἄλλου μηδενὸς ἁπλῶς μέχρι τῆς ἐνεστώσης ἡμέρας, ";or on any other subject whatever up to the present day"; : and the short P Tebt II. 490 (B.C. 92 or 59) μὴ κατεγγύα μηδὲν τὸν Κόμωνος τοῦ Κόμωνος πρὸς μηδὲν ἁπλῶς. In a philosophic letter of iv/A.D., P Oxy I. 120.3 ff., the editors translate χρὴ γάρ τινα ὁρῶντα αἱαυτὸν ἐν δυστυχίᾳ κἂν ἀναχωρῖν καὶ μὴ ἁπλῶς μάχαισθαι τῷ δεδογμένῳ, ";when a man finds himself in adversity he ought to give way and not fight stubbornly against fate."; Reference should be made to Hort’s abundant illustrations in his note upon James 1:5.

[Supplemental from 1930 edition]

Exp VIII. iii. p. 374 ff.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απλως απλώς ἁπλῶς aplos aplōs haplos haplôs haplōs haplō̂s
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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