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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #573 - ἁπλοῦς

probably from (G1) (as a particle of union) and the base of (G4120)
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  1. simple, single
  2. whole
  3. good fulfilling its office, sound
    1. of the eye
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KJV (2)
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Probably from G1 (as a particle of union) and the base of G4120

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἁπλοῦς, ἁπλῆ, ἁπλουν (contracted from ἁπλῶς, ἁπλοη, ἁπλων) (from Aeschylus down), simple, single (in which there is nothing complicated or confused; without folds (cf. Trench, § lvi.)); whole; of the eye, good, fulfilling its office, sound: Matthew 6:22; Luke 11:34 — (others contend that the moral sense of the word is the only sense lexically warranted; cf. Test xii. Patr. test. Isach. § 3οὐ κατελάλησα τίνος, etc. πορευόμενος ἐν ἁπλότητι ὀφθαλμῶν, ibid. § 4πάντα ὁρᾷ ἐν ἁπλότητι, μή ἐπιδεχόμενος ὀφθαλμοῖς πονηρίας ἀπό τῆς πλάνης τοῦ κόσμου; yet cf. Fritzsche on Romans 12:8).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἁπλοῦς , - , -οῦν

(contr. fr. -όος ; < .- cop., πλόος ),

[in LXX: Proverbs 11:25 *;]

simple, single: in a moral sense (DCG, ii, 628 f.), ἀφθαλμός , Matthew 6:22, Luke 11:34. (In Papyri of a marriage dowry, v. MM, s.v.).†

ἁπλόος , see ἁπλοῦς .

SYN.: ἄδολος G97, ἄκακος G172, ἀκέραιος G185 (Tr., Syn., § lvi; Cremer, 107, 639).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The papyri have sundry uses of this word which effectively dispose of the contention that ";the moral sense is the only one lexically warranted"; (see Grimm-Thayer). Thus P Gen I. 21.13 (ii/B.C.), the marriage-contract already referred to (under ἀπαλλάσσω), where it is enacted that in the event of the wife’s being set free, the husband shall repay τὴν φερνὴν ἁπλῆν, ";the marriage-dowry pure and simple,"; but that in the event of his not doing so at the proper time he shall repay it with interest. In this sense we often find ἁπλοῦς contrasted with σὺν ἡμιολίᾳ, as in BGU IV. 1056.18 Augustus) ἐκτεῖσαι τὸ μὲν δάνηον σὺν ἡμιολίᾳ, τοὺς δὲ τόκους ἁπλοῦς, ib. 1147.17 (B.C. 13). P Cairo Preis 1.18 (ii/A.D.) πρᾶσις ἦν ἁπλῆ ἀνεύθυνος, P Tebt II. 340.14 (A.D. 206) τὸ δὲ συναίρεμα τοῦτο δισσὸ (ν) γρα (φὲν) ἐπὶ τῷ ἁπλοῦν σ ̣υνηγηθῆναι ";to be considered as one,"; P Oxy VI. 921 recto (iii/A.D.) where mention is made of different kinds of πήχειςἁπλοῖ, καμαρωτικοί (or -ωτοί) and ἐμβαδοί (see the editors’ introduction), with the reference to a ἁπλοῦν οἴκημα in OGIS 483.111 (ii/B.C.), will serve to illustrate the variety of ";non-moral"; senses left to the word in the vernacular. In P Petr I. 12.20 (iii/B.C.) ἁπλοΐδιον (for the Homeric ἁπλοις) is used to denote a single garment. The moral sense is well illustrated by Syll 633.12 (ii/A.D.) καὶ εὐείλατος γένοι [τ ]ο ὁ θεὸς τοῖς θεραπεύουσιν ἁπλῇ τῇ ψυχῇ. For the adverb see the separate article. In MGr ἁπλός means ";simple, naive, natural.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απλή απλους απλούς ἁπλοῦς απλώσης aplous haplous haploûs
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