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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #552 - ἄπειρος

from (G1) (as a negative particle) and (G3984)
Parts of Speech
  1. inexperienced in, without experience of
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 196 ‑ אֱוִלִי (ev‑ee‑lee');  6160 ‑ עֲרָבָה (ar‑aw‑baw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (1)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(A), ον, (πεῖρα)

1. without trial or experience of a thing, unused to, unacquainted with, ἄθλων Thgn. 1013; καλῶν Pi. I. 8(7).70; κακότητος Emp. 112.3; τυράννων Hdt. 5.92. ά; τῆς ναυτικῆς Id. 8.1; Περσέων Id. 9.58, cf. 46; πόνων, νόσων, A. Ch. 371, Fr. 350.2; γνώμης S. Ant. 1250; δικῶν Antipho 1.1; πολέμων Th. 1.141; τοῦ μεγέθους τῆς νήσου Id. 6.1; γραμμάτων Pl. Ap. 26d; ἀνδρῶν ἀγαθῶν Lys. 2.27; of a woman, ἄ. ἄλλων ἀνδρῶν not having known other men (beside her husband), Hdt. 2.111; ἄ. λέχους E. Med. 672: abs. in same sense, ib. 1091 (lyr.).

2. abs., inexperienced, ignorant, Pi. I. 8(7).48, etc.; γλυκὺ δ' ἀπείροισι πόλεμος Id. Fr. 110; δίδασκ' ἄπειρον A. Ch. 118. Adv. ἀπείρως, ἔχειν τῶν νόμων Hdt. 2.45; πρός τι X. Mem. 2.6.29; περί τινος Isoc. 5.19: Comp. ἀπειρότερον, παρεσκευασμένοι Th. 1.49; -οτέρως Isoc. 12.37, Arist. Resp. 470b9.


(B), ον, (πεῖραρ, πέρας)

1. boundless, infinite, σκότος Pi. Fr. 130.8; τὸν ὑψοῦ τόνδ' ἄ. αἰθέρα E. Fr. 941; ἤπειρον εἰς ἄ. ib. 998; of number, countless, πλῆθος Hdt. 1.204; ἀριθμὸς ἄ. πλήθει Pl. Prm. 144a; ἄ. τὸ πλῆθος Id. R. 525a, al.; εἰς ἄ. τὴν ἀδικίαν αὐξάνειν Id. Lg. 910b; χρόνος ἄ. OGI 383.113 (i B.C.): Comp. -ότερος Dam. Pr. 50, Phlp. in Mete. 17.15; τὸ ἄ. the Infinite, as a first principle, Arist. Ph. 203a3, etc.; esp. in the system of Anaximander, D.L. 2.1, etc.; but τὰ ἄπειρα individuals, opp. τὰ εἴδη, Arist. Top. 109b14, cf. Metaph. 999a27, al.; ἄπειρος, opp. πεπερασμένος, Ph. 202b31; εἰς ἄ. ἰέναι, προϊέναι, ἥκειν, etc., APo. 81b33, Ph. 209a25, EN 1113a2, etc.; [ γῆ] ἐπ' ἄπειρον ἐρριζωμένη Str. 1.1.20; also, indefinite, ὕλη Stoic. 2.86.

2. in Trag., freq.of garments, etc., in which one is entangled past escape, i.e. without outlet, ἀμφίβληστρον A. Ag. 1382; χιτών S. Fr. 526; ὕφασμα E. Or. 25.

3. endless, i.e. circular, ἀ. δακτύλιος a simple hoop-ring, = ἄλιθος (Poll. 7.179), Arist. Ph. 207a2; cf. ἀπείρων (B) 1.3. Adv. -ρως, θρυφθῆναι into an infinite number of fragments, Id. Pr. 899b16.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἄπειρος , -ον

(< - neg., πεῖρα , trial),

[in LXX: Numbers 14:23, Zechariah 11:15 (H196) Jeremiah 2:6 (H6160) *;]

without experience of: c. gen. rei, Hebrews 5:13 (MM, VGT, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

According to Meisterhans Gr. p. 150 the Attic inscriptions use ἀπείρων, not ἄπειρος, in the sense of ";endless."; It might be read, if worth while, in OGIS 383.43 (Commagene—i/B.C.) εἰς τὸν ἄπειρον (or ἀπείρον᾽ !) αἰῶνα κοιμήσεται, but χρόνος ἄπειρος in l. .113 (= Avestan zervan akarana—see J. H. Moulton, Hibbert Lectures, p. 107) is decisive. For . construed with the gen., as Hebrews 5:13, cf. P Giss I. 68.17 (ii/A.D.) ἐπὶ Φιβ ̣ᾶς ὁ αὐτοῦ ἄπειρός ἐστιν τῶν τόπων καὶ οὐ δ ̣ύναται ̣ μόνος προσε [λθε ] ̣ν, ";since Phibas, his slave, is unacquainted with the places, and cannot come alone."; Ἄπειρος in this sense is the opposite of ἔμπειρος (cf. πεῖρα) : meaning ";endless,"; as a substitute for the Epic ἀπείρων, it is connected with πέρας.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απειρος άπειρος ἄπειρος απείρου απείρω apeiros ápeiros
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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