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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5235 - ὑπερβάλλω

from (G5228) and (G906)
Parts of Speech
  1. to surpass in throwing, to throw over or beyond any thing
  2. to transcend, surpass, exceed, excel
  3. excelling, exceeding
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (5)
2 Corinthians
NAS (5)
2 Corinthians
HCS (5)
2 Corinthians
BSB (5)
2 Corinthians
ESV (5)
2 Corinthians
WEB (5)
2 Corinthians
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὑπερβάλλω, fut. -βαλῶ, -βαλέω Od. 11.597: aor. 2 ὑπειρέβαλον Il. 23.637:

throw over or beyond a mark, overshoot, ὑπέρβαλε σήματα πάντων Il. 23.843; τόσσον παντὸς ἀγῶνος (sc. σήματα) ὑπέρβαλε ib. 847; δουρὶ ὑ. Φυλῆα beat him in throwing with it, ib. 637.

2. ὅτε μέλλοι ἄκρον [λόφον] ὑπερβαλέειν force the stone over the top, Od. l.c.

3. intr., run beyond, overrun the scent, of hounds, X. Cyn. 6.20.

4. outstrip or pass, in racing, τινας S. El. 716.

5. Med., throw a stone over one's head, SIG 1071 (Olympia).

II in various metaph. senses:

1 outdo, excel, surpass, overpower, δέδοικα μὴ πρὶν πόνοις ὑπερβάλῃ με γῆρας E. Fr. 453.5 (lyr.): c. gen., Pi. Fr. 33; βροντῆς ὑπερβάλλοντα κτύπον A. Pr. 923.

2. go beyond, exceed, μήτ' ἄρ' ὑπερβάλλων βοὸς ὁπλὴν μήτ' ἀπολείπων Hes. Op. 489; ὑ. πόσιος μέτρον Thgn. 479; τὴν τοῦ μετρίου φύσιν Pl. Plt. 283e; ὑ. τὰ ἱκανά X. Hier. 4.8: of Time, ὑ. ἑκατὸν ἔτεα exceed 100 years, in age, Hdt. 3.23; ὑ. τὰς τρεῖς ἡμέρας delay longer than.., Hp. VC 14; ὑ. τὸν χρόνον exceed the time, i. e. be too late, X. HG 5.3.21; ὑ. τὸν καιρόν exceed reasonable bounds, Democr. 235, D. 23.122: in number, intensity, etc., ἡδοναὶ ὑ. λύπας Pl. Lg. 734b, cf. Prt. 356b (Pass.): c. dat. modi, exceed one in.., πάντας ἀνθρώπους τόλμῃ καὶ μιαρίᾳ X. HG 7.3.6; ἅπαντας ἀνθρώπους ὠμότητι D. 18.275: abs., ὑ. πρὸς ἀρετήν Pl. Lg. 945c. c. gen. pro acc., ἆρα λύπῃ ὑ. τὸ ἀδικεῖν τοῦ ἀδικεῖσθαι; Id. Grg. 475c, cf. Lg. 734a; ὑ. τῆς συμμετρίας Arist. Pol. 1284b8, cf. HA 503b22.

3. abs., exceed, αἱ μέσαι ἕξεις πρὸς μὲν τὰς ἐλλείψεις ὑπερβάλλουσι compared with their defects are in excess, Id. EN 1108b17; exceed all bounds, A. Pers. 291, E. Ba. 785, Th. 7.67, Pl. Tht. 180a; οὐχ ὑπερβαλών keeping within bounds, Pi. N. 7.66; μή νυν ὑπέρβαλλ', ἀλλ' ἐναισίμως φέρε E. Alc. 1077: c. dat. modi, ὑ. τῇ μοχθηρίᾳ Ar. Pl. 109; ἀδυναμίᾳ τοῦ δοξάσαι Pl. Tht. 192c, cf. X. Mem. 4.3.7; ἀνοίᾳ D. 8.16. freq. in part. ὑπερβάλλων, ουσα, ον, exceeding, excessive, ὑ. δαπάνη X. Hier. 11.2; ἡδονή, ἔπαινοι, Pl. R. 402e, Phdr. 240e; θεάματα ταῖς δαπάναις ὑ. Isoc. 4.45, cf. Pl. Lg. 899a; οἱ ὑπερβάλλοντες, opp. οἱ καταδεέστεροι, Isoc. 9.13; τὰ ὑ. an over-high estate, E. Med. 127 (anap.); φεύγειν τὰ ὑ. ἑκατέρωσε extremes, Pl. R. 619a; τὸ ὑ. αὐτῶν such part of them as goes beyond that, Th. 2.35; οἱ ὑ. [λόγοι ], title of work by Thrasymachus (Fr. 7), perh. overpowering arguments.

4. overbid or outbid at auction, ἀλλήλους Lys. 22.8, POxy. 1633.5 (iii A. D.); τὸ ὑπερβάλλον the overbid, PPetr. 3p.195 (iii B. C.): abs., go on further and further, in making offers, προέβαινε τοῖσι χρήμασι ὑπερβάλλων he went on bidding more and more, Hdt. 5.51; ᾔτει τοσαῦτα ὑπερβάλλων Th. 8.56, cf. And. 1.133: Pass., ἕνεκα τοῦ-βεβλῆσθαι τὴν οἰκίαν POxy. 513.25 (ii A. D.); v. infr. B. 1.3.

5. Adv. ὑπερβαλλόντως exceedingly, Pl. R. 492b, Epicur. Nat. 2.2, SIG 685.36 (Crete, ii B. C.), Phld. Lib. p.7O., 2 Corinthians 11:23; written ὑπερβαλόντως in IG 12(7).410.12 (Amorgos); opp. μετρίως, Isoc. 1.28.

III pass over, cross mountains, rivers, and the like, πρῶνα A. Ag. 307; κορυφάς Id. Pr. 722; γῆς ὅρους E. Or. 443; τὰς Ἄλπεις εἰς τὴν Ἰταλίαν Str. 7.2.3: c. gen., θριγκοῦ τοῦδ' ὑ. ποδί E. Ion 1321 (where Dobree suggested θριγκοὺς τούσδ'): metaph., surmount, τάσδ' ὑ. τύχας Id. Alc. 795. of ships, double a headland, ὑ. Μαλέην Hdt. 7.168; τὴν ἄκραν Th. 8.104. abs., cross over, ἐς τὴν ἄνω Μακεδονίην Hdt. 8.137, cf. X. An. 4.6.10; πρὸς τοὺς Θρᾷκας ib. 7.5.1; κατὰ λόφους τινάς ib. 6.5.7.

2. of water, run over, beat over, c. gen., ὑπερβάλλει δὲ θάλασσα ἀμφοτέρων τοίχων Thgn. 673; of rivers, overflow, τὰς ἀρούρας Hdt. 2.111: abs., of a kettle, boil over, Id. 1.59; of the sea, ἢν δ' ὑπερβάλῃ.. πόντος E. Tr. 691.

3. of the sun, to be very hot, Hdt. 4.184.

4. exceed, i. e. overlap, a base, Euc. 6.29; cf. ὑπερβολή

IV. Note, the case that follows is almost always the acc.; the gen. occurs in a few exceptional instances, v. supr. 11.2 b, 111.1 and 2. Med., with pf. Pass., = A. 11, outdo, overcome, conquer, τινα Hdt. 5.124, Ar. Eq. 758 (lyr.), Nu. 1035; τὴν βασιλέος δύναμιν Hdt. 8.24; μάχῃ ὑ. τινά E. Or. 691; φίλτροις ὑ. τινά S. Tr. 584, cf. Ar. Eq. 413: abs., to be conqueror, Hdt. 6.9, 7.168.

2. exceed, surpass, τινα D. 19.342, etc.; τοὺς ἀπ' αἰῶνος OGI 542.11 (Ancyra, ii A. D.); πάντας τῷ ὕψεϊ καὶ τῷ μεγάθεϊ Hdt. 2.175, cf. 110; τινὰ ἀναιδείᾳ Ar. Eq. 409; θωπείαις ib. 890; εἴς τι Pl. Criti. 115d; ἔν τινι Str. 1.1.2. δόσι χρημάτων ὑ. surpass all, Hdt. 1.61; ἀρετῇ Id. 9.71; ὑπερβαλλόμενος πλήθεϊ with overpowering numbers, Id. 3.21: pf. part. Pass., ὑπερβεβλημένη γυνή an excellent, surpassing woman, E. Alc. 153; φύσις ὑπερβεβλ. Pl. R. 558b; ταφῆς τῆς μὲν ὑπερβεβλ., τῆς δὲ ἐλλειπούσης Id. Lg. 719d: c. gen., γόγγροι τῶν παρ' ἡμῖν ὑπερβεβλ. κατὰ τὸ μέγεθος Str. 3.2.7.

3. overbid, outbid (v. supr. A. 11.4), τινὰ χρήμασιν Pl. Phdr. 232c, cf. X. Cyr. 5.3.32.

4. outflank, τὸ κέρας τῶν πολεμίων Ascl. Tact. 10.2, cf.18.

II put off, postpone, τὴν ἀπόδοσιν Hdt. 4.9; τὴν συμβολήν Id. 9.45; εἰς ἄλλον καιρόν Phld. Rh. 1.223S.; but ἢν ὑπερβάλωνται ἐκείνην τὴν ἡμέραν.. συμβολὴν μὴ ποιεύμενοι if they let that day pass without fighting, Hdt. 9.51: abs., delay, linger, Id. 3.71, 76, 7.206; εἰς αὖθις ὑπερβαλέσθαι Pl. Phdr. 254d, cf. Arist. Rh.Al. 1420a8, 1438b6.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὑπερ -βάλλω ,

[in LXX: Job 15:11 A (†), Sirach 5:7; Sirach 25:11, al.;]

1. trans., to throw over or beyond.

2. Intrans., to run beyond. In both senses, metaph., to exceed, surpass, transcend: 2 Corinthians 3:10; 2 Corinthians 9:14, Ephesians 1:19; Ephesians 2:7; c. gen. obj., Ephesians 3:19.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";assert,"; ";allege"; (Act. 24:9; Act. 25:19, Rom. 1:22) : cf. P Par 35.9 (B.C. 163) (= UPZ i. p. 129) τῶν δ᾽ οὖν φασκόντων εἶναι ἐν τῶ [ι ] τόπωι ὅπλα, Meyer Ostr 58.9 (B.C. 144) διὰ τὸ φάσκειν αὐτὸν μὴ εἰδένα ̣ι γράμματα (a common phrase), P Oxy III. 486.26 (A.D. 131) φάσκων κατὰ πίστιν. . [ . . ]. ̣γ ̣γ ̣εγράφθαι, ";asserting that it had been registered in security,"; and P Ryl II. 117.19 (A.D. 269) φάσκων εἶναι αὐτὸν δ [α ]νιστὴν ἐκείνου, ";professing that he was a creditor of bis"; (Edd.) (cf. Rev. 2:2).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
υπερβαλλον υπερβάλλον ὑπερβάλλον υπερβάλλοντα υπερβαλλουσαν υπερβάλλουσαν ὑπερβάλλουσαν υπερβαλλουσης υπερβαλλούσης ὑπερβαλλούσης υπερέβαλεν hyperballon hyperbállon hyperballousan hyperbállousan hyperballouses hyperballousēs hyperballoúses hyperballoúsēs uperballon uperballousan uperballouses uperballousēs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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