the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #500 - ἀντίχριστος
- the adversary of the Messiah
Antichrist, 1 John 2:18; 1 John 2:22, etc.
ἀντίχριστος, ἀντιχρίστου, ὁ (ἀντί against and Χριστός, like ἀντίθεος opposing God, in Philo de somn. l. ii. § 27, etc., Justin, quaest. et resp., p. 463 c. and other Fathers; (see Sophocles Lexicon, under the word, cf. Trench, § xxx.)), the adversary of the Messiah, a most pestilent being, to appear just before the Messiah's advent, concerning whom the Jews had conceived diverse opinions, derived partly from Daniel 11:36ff;
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*† άντι -χριατος , -ον , ό ,
Antichrist, "one who assuming the guise of Christ opposes Christ" (Westc., Epp. Jo., 70): 1 John 2:18; 1 John 2:22; 1 John 4:3, 1 John 1:7 pl. 1 John 2:18 (cf. ψευδόχριστος , and v. MM, VGT, s.v.).†
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Grimm suggests that John (1 John 2:18, etc.) coined the word : Bousset (Antichrist Legend p. 136) says it ";is not older than the NT."; It seems obvious, from the manner of its first introduction, that it was at any rate quite familiar to the readers of 1 Jn and 2 Jn; but it might easily have been introduced by the author in his earlier teaching. The most probable model would be ἀντίθεος (";aemulus Dei"; in Lactantius), for which Cumont (Les Religions Orientates.2 p. 387) cites a magical-papyrus, πέμψον μοι τὸν ἀληθινὸν Ἀσκληπιόν δίχα τινὸς ἀντιθέου πλανοδαίμονος. It was a term applied to the da̯va of Magian religion, on whom see Early Zoroastrianism (Hibbert Lectures 1912), ch. iv. : they were ";counter-gods."; Whether John means primarily ";a rival Christ"; or ";an opponent of Christ"; or ";a substitute for Christ"; may be left to the commentators. The first and third may be paralleled by the two senses of ἀντιστράτηγος, ";the enemy’s general"; and ";pro-praetor"; : cf. ἀντισύγκλητος, the name Marius gave to his bodyguard, as an ";opposition Senate,"; ἀντιχόρηγος ";rival choregus,"; and ἀντιταμίας ";pro-quaestor"; etc. The second is less easily paralleled : Caesar’s Ἀντικάτων, a counterblast to Cicero’s Cato, may serve. Generally speaking, ἀντι —χ suggested (1) the claim to be x, (2) opposition to, equivalence to (cf. Homeric ἀντίθεος, and the name Ἀντίπατρος), substitution for an existing χ .
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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