the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #499 - ἀντίτυπον
- a thing formed after some pattern
- a thing resembling another, its counterpart
- something in the Messianic times which answers to the type, as baptism corresponds to the deluge (1 Peter 3:21)
Neuter of a compound of G473 and G5179
ἀντίτυπος, ἀντίτυπον (τύπτω), in Greek writings:
a. actively, repelling a blow, striking back, echoing, reflecting light; resisting, rough, hard.
b. passively, struck back, repelled.
2. metaphorically, rough, harsh, obstinate, hostile. In the N. T. language ἀντίτυπον as a substantive means:
1. a thing formed after some pattern (τύπος (which see 4 a.)) (German Abbild): Hebrews 9:24 (R. V. like in pattern).
2. "a thing resembling another, its counterpart; something in the Messianic times which answers to the type" (see τύπος, 4 γ.) prefiguring it in the O. T. (German Gegenbild, English antitype), as baptism corresponds to the deluge: 1 Peter 3:21 (R. V. text after a true likeness).
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** ἀντί -τυπος , -ον
(see τύπος ),
[in LXX: Ezra 3:13 A *;]
1. act. striking back; metaph., resisting, adverse.
2. Pass. struck back; metaph., corresponding to (MM, VGT, s.v.);
(a) as impression of a seal or copy of an archetype (τύπος ) (RV, Like in pattern), Hebrews 9:24;
(b) as the reality (of which τύπος is the copy or adumbration) (RV, after a true likeness), 1 Peter 3:21 (Cramer, 357).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The meaning ";impress"; is rightly given by LS for τύπος as the first that arises from the etymology, and it is well supported in classical and post-classical writers. Hence, though ";profane"; examples for ἀντίτυπος (-ον) = ";corresponding"; (adj.) or ";image"; (noun) are rare, we can take the use in Hebrews 9:24 and 1 Peter 3:21 (";answering to";) as the survival of a primitive meaning. Note also Polyb. vi. 31.8 τοῖς δ᾽ ἰππεῦσι τούτοις ἀντίτυποι τίθενται, of auxiliary infantry posted ";opposite"; the cavalry, in a corresponding position. In MGr written language ἀ. means ";copy"; of a book.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.