the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #4854 - σύμφυτος
- born together with, of joint origin
- connate, congenital, innate, implanted by birth or nature
- grown together, united with
born with one, congenital, innate, ἀρετά Pi. I. 3.14; κακόν, ἐπιθυμία, Pl. R. 609a, Plt. 272e; of diseases, Hp. Coac. 502; βλάβαι καὶ διαφθοραὶ τοῦ σώματος Galatians 6:3; natural, τῶν σιτίων ἔνια ἔχει γλυκύτητα ς. ib.475, cf. 731; ς. ἐχούσης ὑγρότητα τῆς γλώττης Id. 16.508; ς. αἰών our natural age, i.e. our old age (acc. to the Sch.), A. Ag. 107 (lyr.); νεικέων τέκτονα ς. the natural author of strife, i.e. a cause of strife natural to the race, ib. 152 (lyr.); εἰς τὸ ς. according to one's nature, E. Andr. 954; ὕδωρ ς. ἐν γάλακτι, opp. ἐπακτόν, Arist. Mete. 382b12; τὸ μιμεῖσθαι ς. τοῖς ἀνθρώποις Id. Po. 1448b5; ς. [πνεῦμα ], i.e. the vital spirit, Id. Spir. 482a8; ς. ὑγρὸν καὶ θερμόν (in a seed) Thphr. HP 1.11.1; πρῶτον ἀγαθὸν καὶ σύμφυτον ἡδονή Epicur. Ephesians 3 p.63U.; τὰ ς. natural functions or parts, Arist. GA 753a17, Ph. 253a12.
2. c. dat., natural to, ς. αὐτοῖς δειλία Lys. 10.28; ἀϋδρία τισὶ τόποις ς. Pl. Lg. 844b; τὰ ὑγρὰ ς. τοῖς ζῴοις, opp. τὰ ὑστερογενῆ (such as milk), Arist. HA 521b17, cf. Thphr. Sens. 1, 16.
3. c. gen., [ τῶν φθόγγων] ς. ἡδοναί Pl. Phlb. 51d; εὐβουλία ἀρετὴ λογισμοῦ ς. Id. Def. 413c: cf. συγγενής, σύγγονος.
4. like by nature, cognate, kindred, Id. Phlb. 16c.
II grown together, διάστασις τῶν ς. μερῶν Arist. Top. 145b3; ς. τῷ Χιτῶνι Id. HA 557b18; ἐγκεφάλου σκέπασμα ς. μὲν οὐκέτι, πολλαχόθι μέντοι συμφυές Gal. UP 8.9; ς. ἐμποιεῖν τινί τι Pl. Phd. 81c; united, Id. Phdr. 246a, Romans 6:5; of qualities in relation to matter, ὕλη.. λαβοῦσα ποιότητας.. καὶ οἷον συμφύτους αὐτὰς ἔχουσα καὶ συγκεκραμένας ἀλλήλαις Plot. 3.6.8, cf. 3.6.11.
III thickly wooded, Plb. 1.74.6, D.C. 40.29.
2. fully cultivated, ἀμπελὼν ς. PGrenf. 2.28.7 (ii B.C.), PLips. 1.5 (ii B.C.).
σύμφυτος, συμφυτον (συμφύω), planted together (Vulg. complantatus); born together with, of joint origin, i. e.
1. connate, congenital, innate, implanted by birth or nature (3Macc. 3:22; Pindar, Plato, Aeschylus, Aeschines, Aristotle, Philo de Abrah. § 31 at the beginning; Josephus (as, contra Apion 1, 8, 5)).
2. grown together, united with (Theophrastus, de caus. plant. 5, 5, 2); kindred (Plato, Phaedr., p. 246 a.): εἰ σύμφυτοι γεγόναμεν τῷ ὁμοιώματι τοῦ θανάτου αὐτοῦ, ἀλλά καί (namely, τῷ ὁμοιώματι (others supply Χριστῷ, and take the ὁμοιώματι a dative of respect; for yet another construction of the second clause cf. Buttmann, § 132, 23)) τῆς ἀναστάσεως ἐσόμεθα, if we have become united with the likeness of his death (which likeness consists in the fact that in the death of Christ our former corruption and wickedness has been slain and been buried in Christ's tomb), i. e. if it is part and parcel of the very nature of a genuine Christian to be utterly dead to sin, we shall be united also with the likeness of his resurrection i. e. our intimate fellowship with his return to life will show itself in a new life consecrated to God, Romans 6:5.
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σύμ -φυτος , -ον
(< συμφύω , to make to grow together),
[in LXX: Zechariah 11:2 (H1219), Ezra 7:7 Ezra 7:8 א 2, Amos 9:13, 3 Maccabees 3:22*;]
1. congenital, innate (Plat., al.; 3Mac, l.c.).
2. grown along with, united with: τ . ὁμοιώματι τ . θανάτου αὐτσῦ (v. Field, Notes, 155 f.), Romans 6:5.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
σύνσωμος is found in the NT only in Ephesians 3:6, and may have been coined by Paul for the occasion. The word is usually understood as ";fellow-member of the body,"; i.e. of the Church, but, as Preuschen has pointed out (ZNTW i. (1900), p. 85 f.), it cannot then be associated with the following gen. τῆς ἐπαγγελίας, nor is there any real sequence of thought in the three epithets συνκληρονόμα —σύνσωμα —συνμέτοχα. Accordingly, taking σῶμα in its sense of ";slave"; (see s.v.), he thinks that we have a term equivalent to σύνδουλος (Colossians 1:7, al.), and that the meaning is that ";the Gentiles are fellow-heirs and fellow-slaves, and so fellow-partakers of the promise.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.