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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #4594 - σήμερον
- this (very) day)
- what has happened today
Adv. to-day, Il. 7.30, Od. 17.186, E. Rh. 683, PHib. 1.65.13 (iii B.C.), SIG 1181.11 (Rhenea, ii B.C. ), Ev.Matthew 27:19, etc.; Dor. σάμερον [ᾱ] Pi. O. 6.28, P. 4.1; Att. τήμερον Cratin. 123, Ar. Eq. 68, etc., cf. Moer. p.364 P. (though σήμερον is sts. found in Com., Hermipp. 80, Philem. 121 ); εἰς τ . Pl. Smp. 174a; τὸ τ . ib. 176e; τὸ τ. εἶναι to-day, Id. Cra. 396e; ἡ τ. ἡμέρα D. 4.40; also in the form τήμερα Ar. Fr. 401 (s.v.l.), cf. 296 . (Prob. fr. κ y ᾱμερον, containing stem [kcirc ]yo- 'this', cf. Lith. šis 'this', Lat. ci-tra: σήμερον ( τήμερον ) is to ἡμέρα as σῆτες ( τῆτες ) to ἔτος .)
σήμερον (Attic τήμερον, i. e. ἡμέρα with pronominal prefix (Sanskritsa); cf. Vanicek, p. 971), adverb, from Homer down, the Sept. for הַיום, today, this day: Matthew 6:11; Matthew 16:3 (T brackets WH reject the passage); Luke 4:21; Luke 19:5; Acts 4:9; Acts 13:33, etc.; also where the speaker refers to the night just passed, Matthew 27:19; equivalent to this night (now current), Luke 2:11; σήμερον ταύτῃ τῇ νυκτί, Mark 14:30; ἕως σήμερον, 2 Corinthians 3:15; opposed to αὔριον, Matthew 6:30; Luke 12:28; Luke 13:32; James 4:13; χθές καί σήμερον καί εἰς τούς αἰῶνας, a rhetorical periphrasis for ἀεί, Hebrews 13:8; ἡ σήμερον ἡμέρα, this (very) day, Acts 20:26; ἕως τῆς σήμερον ἡμέρας, Romans 11:8; μέχρι τῆς σήμερον namely, ἡμέρας, Matthew 11:23; Matthew 28:15; ἕως τῆς σήμερον, Matthew 27:8; ἄχρι ... τῆς σήμερον (where L T Tr WH add ἡμέρας), 2 Corinthians 3:14; ἡ σήμερον, equivalent to what has happened today (others render concerning this day's riot; Buttmann, § 133, 9; but see Meyer at the passage; Winer's Grammar, § 30, 9 a.), Acts 19:40; τό σήμερον, the word today, Hebrews 3:13; as a substantive: ὁρίζει ἡμέραν, σήμερον, a today (meaning, 'a time for embracing the salvation graciously offered' (cf. R. V. marginal reading)), Hebrews 4:7a.
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(Att.. τήμερον ),
[in LXX for H3117;]
to-day: Matthew 6:11, Luke 4:21, Acts 4:9, al.; opp. to αὔριον , Matthew 6:30, Luke 12:28, James 4:13; χθὲς καὶ σ . καὶ εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας , Hebrews 13:8; ἡ σ . ἡμέρα , Acts 20:20; ἕως (ἄχρι ) τῆς σ . ἡμέρας , Romans 11:8, 2 Corinthians 3:14; μέχρι (ἕως ) τῆς σ . (sc. ἡμέρας ), Matthew 11:23; Matthew 27:8; as subst., τὸ σ ., Hebrews 3:13; id. in appos., ὁρίζει ἡμὶραν , σ ., Hebrews 4:7 R, mg., (v. Westc., in l).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
found in the NT only in Judges 1:12, is generally understood as = ";rock,"; ";reef,"; in accordance with its poetic classical usage : cf. Kaibel 225.1 f. where it is said of a man who had precipitated himself from a rock—
Ὀστέα μὲν καὶ σάρκας ἐμὰς σπιλάδες διέχευαν
ὀξεῖαι, κρημνῶν ἅλμα ὑποδεξάμεναι.
Others prefer the rendering ";spot,"; ";stain,"; as if = σπίλος (q.v.), which is found in the parallel passage 2 Peter 2:13 : cf. Lightfoot Revision, p. 152 f. More recently A. D. Knox has shown good ground (JTS xiv. (1913), p. 547 ff., xvi. (1915), p. 78) for taking the word as an adj. with ἄνεμος understood, ";a dirty, foul wind,"; producing a correspondingly troubled and stormy effect on the water : cf. Isaiah 57:20.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.