Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, December 9th, 2023
the First Week of Advent
Tired of seeing ads while studying? Now you can enjoy an "Ads Free" version of the site for as little as 10¢ a day and support a great cause!
Click here to learn more!

Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4526 - σάκκος

of Hebrew origin (H8242)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
Search for…
Browse by letter:
Prev Entry
Next Entry
  1. a sack
    1. a receptacle for holding or carrying various things, as money, food, etc.
    2. a course cloth, a dark course stuff made especially from the hair of animals
    3. a garment of the like material, and clinging to the person like a sack, which was wont to be worn (or drawn over the tunic instead of the cloak or mantle) by mourners, penitents, suppliants and also by those who like the Hebrew prophets, lead an austere life
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8242 ‑ שַׂק (sak);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Revelation 2
NAS (4)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Revelation 2
HCS (4)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Revelation 2
BSB (4)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Revelation 2
ESV (4)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Revelation 2
WEB (4)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
Revelation 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σάκκος or σάκος, ὁ, v. sub fin.:

coarse cloth of hair, esp. of goats' hair, σάκκος τρίχινος Revelation 6:12, cf. LXX Isaiah 50:3, Si. 25.17 .

II anything made of this cloth:

1 sack, bag, Hdt. 9.80, Ar. Ach. 745, Lys. 1209, Gal. 2.559,8.672: as a measure, Ostr. 1096, al.

2. sieve, strainer, esp. for wine, Hippon. 57, Poll. 6.19; ς. τρίχινοι PHamb. 10.39 (ii A.D.) .

3. coarse garment, sackcloth, worn as mourning by the Jews, LXX Genesis 37:34, Ev.Luke 10:13, J. BJ 2.12.5, cf. Plu. 2.239c.

III coarse beard, like rough hair-cloth, σάκον πρὸς ταῖν γνάθοιν ἔχειν Ar. Ec. 502; cf. σακεσφόρος 11 . The form σάκος is said to be Att., Ael.Dion. Fr. 296, Phryn. 229, Moer. p.354 P., Thom.Mag. p.344 R., etc.; while σάκκος is called Dor. by Phryn. l.c., Hellenic by Moer. and Thom.Mag. ll.cc., Comic by Poll. 7.191 . In Ar. Ach. 822, Ec. 502, σάκος is required by the metre, as is σάκκος in Ach. 745 ( Megarian ), and in Hippon. l.c.; codd. of Hdt. give σάκκος . Inscrr. have σάκος IG 22.1672.73,74, 108 and σάκκος ib.198: Papyri have σάκος PCair.Zen. 753.27 (iii B.C.), UPZ 84.52 (ii B.C.), but oftener σάκκος PSI 4.427.1, 14 (iii B.C.), PTeb. 116.3 (ii B.C.), etc. (Prob. the word, like the thing, was borrowed from Phoenicia, cf. Hebr. saq. )

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σάκκος (Attic σάκος), σάκκου, , Hebrew שַׂק (cf. Fremdwörter, under the word), a sack (Latinsaccus) i. e.

a. a receptacle made for holding or carrying various things, as money, food, etc. (; Leviticus 11:32).

b. a coarse cloth (Latincilicium), a dark coarse stuff made especially of the hair of animals (A. V. sackcloth): Revelation 6:12; a garment of the like material, and clinging to the person like a sack, which was usually worn (or drawn on over the tunic instead of the cloak or mantle) by mourners, penitents, suppliants, Matthew 11:21; Luke 10:13, and also by those who, like the Hebrew prophets, led an austere life, Revelation 11:3 (cf. what is said of the dress of John the Baptist, Matthew 3:4; of Elijah, 2 Kings 1:8). More fully in Winers RWB under the word Sack; Roskoff in Schenkel 5:134; (under the word in B. D.; also in McClintock and Strong. (From Herodotus down.))

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σάκκος ,

also written σάκος , -ου ,

(cf. Heb. H8242, which it renders in LXX),

1. a coarse cloth, sackcloth, usually made of hair: Revelation 6:12.

2. Anything made of sackcloth;

(a) a sack (Genesis 42:25, al.);

(b) a garment of sackcloth, expressive of mourning or penitence: Matthew 11:21, Luke 10:13, Revelation 11:3.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";dig,"; is confined in the NT to Luke (Luke 6:48; Luke 13:8; Luke 16:3). Exx. from the Κοινή are common, e.g. PSI VI. 672.3 (iii/B.C.) ἐργάταις τοῖς σκάπτουσιν ἐν τῆι ἄμμωι, P Magd 27.4 (B.C. 218) θεμέλιον σκάπτων ὥστε οἰκοδομεῖν, BGU IV. 1120.30 (B.C. 5) σκ ]α ̣π ̣τ ̣οντας καὶ ποτίζοντας, P Fay 110.8 (A.D. 94) τὰ κύκλωι τοῦ ἐλαιουργίου ἔξωθεν σκάψον ἐπὶ βάθος, ";dig A deep trench round the oil-press outside"; (Edd.), BGU I. 14ii. 18 (A.D. 255) σκάπτοντες ἐν χωρίῳ, and from the inscrr. Syll 531 (= .3963).9 (iv/B.C.) ἀμπέλους δ [ὲ σκ ]άψει δίς.

For σκαφητός, a preliminary digging, see P Cornell 25 recto.13 (B.C. 28–23), and P Oxy XIV. 1631.10 (A.D. 280), and for a new word σκάφητρος, ";a digging,"; see P Fay 112.2, .16 (A.D. 99), and P Ryl II. 245.21 (iii/A.D.) ἐπ [ ] σκάφητρον τῶν ἐλαιώνων. Σκαφεῖον, ";a hoe,"; occurs in P Tebt I. 45.39 (B.C. 113), ib. 47.36 (B.C. 113), MGr σκάφτω, σκάβω, ";excavate,"; ";dig out.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σάκκοις σάκκον σακκος σάκκος σάκκου σακκους σάκκους σακκω σάκκω σάκκῳ σάκκων sakko sakkō sákkoi sákkōi sakkos sákkos sakkous sákkous
adsFree icon
Ads FreeProfile