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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4281 - προέρχομαι

from (G4253) and (G2064) (including its alternate)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to go forward, go on
  2. to go before
    1. to go before, precede
    2. to go before, in the advance of another
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5674 ‑ עָבַר (aw‑bar');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (10)
Matthew 2
Mark 2
Luke 2
Acts 3
2 Corinthians 1
NAS (17)
Matthew 2
Mark 5
Luke 2
Acts 6
2 Corinthians 2
HCS (9)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Luke 2
Acts 3
2 Corinthians 1
BSB (9)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Luke 2
Acts 3
2 Corinthians 1
ESV (9)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Luke 2
Acts 3
2 Corinthians 1
WEB (9)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Luke 2
Acts 3
2 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


( πρόειμι serves as fut. ), aor. προῆλθον: pf. προελήλῠθα Men. 113.2:

go forward, advance, Hdt. 1.207, 9.14; ἐς τὸ ὁμαλόν Th. 5.65; ἐς τὸ πλέον Id. 2.21; ἐκ τοῦ χωρίου X. HG 7.5.25; ἐπὶ τὸ βῆμα D.H. 8.58: abs., προελθών, = Att. παρελθών, having come forward to speak, Plb. 4.14.7; προελθὼν ὁ κῆρυξ ἐκήρυττε . . Aeschin. 3.154; π. εἰς τὸν δῆμον SIG 742.49 (Ephesus, i B.C. ): c. acc. cogn., π. ἡμερησίαν ὁδόν Pl. R. 616b; κατὰ τὴν ὁδόν X. An. 4.2.16 . come forth, πλάγια π. τὰ ἔμβρυα Arist. HA 576a24; π. μητρός to be born, Olymp. Vit.Pl. p.1 W.: generally, Luc. Tox. 25, al.; appear, be published, of a book, Str. 13.1.54 . go away from, leave, ἀπὸ τῆς ἑαυτοῦ [οἰκίας ] POxy. 472.5 (ii A.D.), cf. Stud.Pal. 1.8.10 (v A.D.); οὐδεπώποτε ἐξ Αἰθιοπίας τὸν ἕτερον πόδα προελθών Luc. Herm. 32 .

2. of Time, προελθόντος πολλοῦ χρόνου Th. 1.10, cf. Pl. Plt. 273a; π. κατὰ χρόνον Id. Prm. 152a; of persons, προεληλυθότες ταῖς ἡλικίαις advanced in years, X. HG 6.1.5 .

3. go on, proceed, in a story or argument, Pl. Phdr. 237c; εἰς τὸ πρόσθεν π. Id. Lg. 682a, cf. Prt. 339d .

4. metaph., [ τὰ Περσέων πρήγματα] ἐς τοῦτο προελθόντα the power of the Persians having advanced to this height, Hdt. 7.50; ὥσπερ μαθητὴν εἰς τοὔμπροσθε π. make progress, Isoc. Ephesians 4:10; ἐνταῦθα π. ὥστε . . Id. 15.82: freq. in bad sense, εἰς πᾶν π. μοχθηρίας D. 3.3; οὕτως αἰσχρῶς π. Id. 23.204; οἷ προελήλυθ' ἀσελγείας ἅνθρωπος Id. 4.9; εἰς τοῦτ' ἀναισθησίας καὶ τόλμης προεληλύθασιν Id. 24.182; πόρρω προεληλύθασι φυλακῆς they are far gone in cautiousness, X. Hier. 4.4 .

5. go before or first, Id. Cyr. 6.3.9, etc.; π. τινός go before him, ib. 2.2.7; π. τινάς Ev.Mark 6:33 . arrive first, Th. 8.100: pf., have travelled first, ὁδόν Pl. R. 328e .

II take legal proceedings, appear in court, PGiss. 8.12 (ii A.D.), etc.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

προέρχομαι: imperfect προηρχομην; future προελεύσομαι; 2 aorist προῆλθον; from Herodotus down;

1. to go forward, go on: μικρόν, a little, Matthew 26:39 (here T Tr WH marginal reading προσελθών (which see in a.)); Mark 14:35 (Tr WH marginal reading προσελθών); with an accusative of the way, Acts 12:10 (Xenophon, Cyril 2, 4, 18; Plato, rep. 1, p. 328 e.; 10, p. 616 b.).

2. to go before; i. e., a. to go before, precede (locally; German vorangehen): ἐνώπιον τίνος, Luke 1:17 ((ἔμπροσθεν τίνος, Genesis 33:3), WH marginal reading προσελευσαντες which see in a.); τίνος, to precede one, Luke 22:47 Rec. ((Judith 2:19)); τινα, ibid. G L T Tr WH (not so construed in secular writings; cf. Buttmann, 144 (126); Fritzsche, Ep. ad Romans, iii., p. 70; (Winers Grammar, § 52, 4, 13); but in Latin we findantecedere, anteire,praeire, aliquem, and in Greek writings πρόθειν τινα; see προηγέομαι); to outgo, outstrip (Latinpraecurrere, antevertere aliquem; for which the Greeks say φθάνειν τινα), Mark 6:33.

b. to go before, i. e. (set out) in advance of another (German vorausgehen): Acts 20:5 (Tr WH text προσελθόντες); εἰς (L Tr πρός) ὑμᾶς, unto (as far as to) you, 2 Corinthians 9:5; ἐπί τό πλοῖον, to the ship, Acts 20:13 (Tr WH marginal reading προσελθόντες).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

προ -έρχομαι ,

[in LXX: Genesis 33:3; Genesis 33:14 R (H5674), Judith 2:19, Sirach 35:10 (Sirach 32:10) al;]

1. to go forward, go on, advance: seq. μικρόν , Matthew 26:39 and Mark 14:35 (WH, mg., προσελθών ): ῥύμην μίαν (cf. Plat., Rep., i, 328e), Acts 12:10.

2. Of relative position, to go before, precede: c. gen. (cl.; Jth, l.c.); c. acc pers. (not cl.), Luke 22:47 (c. gen., Rec.); seq. ἐνώπιον , Luke 1:17 (cf. Genesis 33:3).

3. Of time, to go before or in advance: Acts 20:5; Acts 20:13 (WH, mg., R, mg.), 2 Corinthians 9:5; c. acc pers. (= cl. φθάνω ), Mark 6:33.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

See s.v. προσωπολημπτέω.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
προελευσεται προελεύσεται προελθείν προελθέτω προελθοντες προελθόντες προελθων προελθών προελθὼν προελθωσιν προέλθωσιν προήλθεν προηλθον προήλθον προῆλθον προηρχετο προήρχετο proeleusetai proeleúsetai proelthon proelthōn proelthṑn proêlthon proēlthon proē̂lthon proelthontes proelthóntes proelthosin proelthōsin proélthosin proélthōsin proercheto proērcheto proḗrcheto
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