the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #4269 - πρόγονος
- born before, older
- of ancestors
- of a mother
- of grandparents
- of great-grand parents (if they are still alive)
( γίγνομαι, γέγονα )
early-born, [ ἄρνες ], opp. μέτασσαι, Od. 9.221, cf. Hermesian. 7.74, SIG 1038.9 (Eleusis, iv/iii B.C. ); first-born, IG 2.1301 (dub.).
2. = ἀπόγονος 1, dub. in D.H. 7.50 . II forefather, ancestor, Pi. O. 6.59; πατρός σου π. πατήρ E. Ion 267, cf. Hel. 15, Pl. Euthphr. 11b: freq. in pl., Pi. P. 9.105, A. Pers. 405, Hdt. 7.150, etc.; οἱ ἄνωθεν π. Pl. Mx. 236e; οἱ πάλαι π. Id. Ep. 359d; ἐκ προγόνων Id. Tht. 173d; also of gods or heroes who are the authors or founders of a race, A. Fr. 273, Hdt. 4.127, Pl. Smp. 186e, Isoc. 9.14, etc.; Ζεῦ πρόγονε E. Or. 1242; θεοὶ π. Pl. Euthd. 302d: also as fem., π. γυνή A. Supp. 533 (lyr.), cf. 43 (lyr.): metaph., οἱ π. the fathers or founders of a school, Luc. Herm. 15; τὸν π. τῆς ἐμαυτοῦ σοφίας Philostr. VA 8.7; ἰὼ πόνοι π. πόνων troubles parents of troubles, S. Aj. 1197 (lyr.).
II child by a former marriage, step-son, E. Ion 1329, D.H. Isoc. 18, Mon.Anc.Gr. 16.9, Luc. Cal. 26, Supp.Epigr. 6.667 ( Attalia ), PFay. 48.3 (i A.D.), etc.: fem., step-daughter, Stratt. 79, Is. 12.5, Hyp. Fr. 10, D.S. 4.43, Plu. Pomp. 9; rarely προγόνη (q.v.): irreg. Sup. προγονέστατος eldest step-son, dub. in TAM 2(1).246.18( Sidyma ).
πρόγονος, προγονου, ὁ (προγίνομαι), born before, older: Homer, Odyssey 9, 221; plural ancestors, Latinmajores (often so by Greek writings from Pindar down): ἀπό προγόνων, in the spirit and after the manner received from (my) forefathers (cf. ἀπό, II. 2 d. aa., p. 59a bottom), 2 Timothy 1:3; used of a mother, grandparents, and (if such survive) great-grandparents, 1 Timothy 5:4 (A. V. parents) (of surviving ancestors also in Plato, legg. 11, p. 932 at the beginning).
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** πρό -γονος , -ον
(< προγίνομαι ),
[in LXX: Ezra 4:17, Sirach 8:4, al.;]
1. born before.
2. As subst., in pl., οἱ Papyri, ancestors, forefathers: 2 Timothy 1:3; of living parents (so Plat.), 1 Timothy 5:4.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";add."; With Hebrews 12:19 we may compare Chrest. II. 372V. 11 (ii/A.D.) καὶ προσέθηκεν · ‘Ἐχθὲς ἔφης ἄλλους ἐσχηκέναι παῖδας,’ and P Strass I. 41.21 (A.D. 250) Σαραπίων ῥ ]η ̣τωρ ̣ πρ ̣ο ̣σ ̣έθηκεν (his λόγος follows). Other exx. of the verb are P Oxy III. 471.2 (ii/A.D.) π ]ροσθήσω τι κύριε περ [ὶ οὗ ] θαυμάσεις οἶμαι, ";I will add a fact, my lord, which will, I expect, excite your wonder"; (Edd.), ib. VII, 1062.4 (ii/A.D.) προσθεὶς ὅτι τὰ θέρε ̣ι ̣ά ἐστιν τὰ κρείσσονα ";adding that the summer ones (sc. fleeces) were the best"; (Ed.), P Ryl II. 153.27 (A.D. 138–161) ταῦτα οἱ προγεγραμμέ [νοι ἐπίτροποί ] μου κα [ὶ κ ]ληρονόμ [οι ] μετελεύσονται καὶ προσθήσουσιν τῷ υἱῷ μου, ";these (sc. certain allowances) shall be claimed by my aforesaid guardians and heirs and delivered to my son"; (Edd.), BGU I. 8ii. 15 (A.D. 248) ἐδηλώ ]θη προστεθεῖσθαι εἰ [ς ἀρίθμ ]ησιν μην [ὸς Πα ]ῦνι, and Ostr 1159.3 (ii/iii A.D.) πρόσθες εἰς ὄνομ (α) Ἐπων (ύχου), ";put down to the account of Eponychus."; With the use of the verb in Acts 2:41 Preuschen (HZNT ad l.) compares Demoslh. xviii. 39 ὅσα ἑκουσίως προσετίθετο τῶν πολισμάτων.
The confident assertion of Hebraism in the idiom προσέθετο πέμψαι, which Luke (20.1 f.) deliberately substitutes for the πάλιν ἀπέστειλε of Mark 12:4, needs some reconsideration : see Proleg. p. 233. Helbing (Gr. p. iv.), goes so far as to call it ";a good Greek construction,"; adding naturally that its extreme frequency in the LXX is due to ";mechanical imitation of the original."; The very fact that no other Hebraism has ever been discovered in Josephus (see Thumb Hellen. p. 125 f., Schmidt Jos. p. 514ff., Deissmann BS p. 67 n..1) might be fairly held to prove that the locution was really Greek.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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