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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4159 - πόθεν

from the base of (G4213) with enclitic adverb of origin
Parts of Speech
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  1. of place: from where, from what condition
  2. of origin or source: from what author or giver
  3. of cause: how is that?, how can that be?
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (28)
Matthew 5
Mark 3
Luke 4
John 13
James 1
Revelation 2
NAS (30)
Matthew 5
Mark 4
Luke 4
John 13
James 2
Revelation 2
HCS (26)
Matthew 5
Mark 3
Luke 3
John 12
James 1
Revelation 2
BSB (29)
Matthew 5
Mark 3
Luke 4
John 13
James 2
Revelation 2
ESV (25)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
Luke 3
John 12
James 2
Revelation 2
WEB (29)
Matthew 5
Mark 3
Luke 5
John 13
James 1
Revelation 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. κόθεν:

I interrog. Adv. whence?

1 of Place, εἰρώτα . ., τίς εἴη καὶ π. ἔλθοι Od. 15.423; ποδαπὸς ὁ ξένος; π.; A. Ch. 657; ποῖ δὴ καὶ π.; Pl. Phdr. 227a: c. gen., τίς π. εἰς ἀνδρῶν; Il. 21.150, Od. 1.170, al.; κ. τῆς Φρυγίης ἥκων; Hdt. 1.35; π. γῆς ἦλθες; E. Ion 258, etc.

2. of origin, π. γένος εὔχεται εἶναι from what stock he avows that he is by descent, Od. 17.373; τὴν . . τέχνην πῶς καὶ π. ἄν τις δύναιτο πορίσασθαι; Pl. Phdr. 269d; π. ἄλλοθεν . .; D. 3.28: c. gen., π. ποτὲ . . θνητῶν ἔφυσαν; E. Supp. 841 .

3. in speaking, π. ἄρξωμαι; A. Ch. 855 (anap.); π. ἂν λάβοιμι ῥῆμα; Ar. Pax 521, etc.

4. of the cause, whence? wherefore? π. χοὰς ἔπεμψεν; ἐκ τίνος λόγου; A. Ch. 515; to express surprise or negation, π. γὰρ ἔσται βιοτά; i.e. οὐδαμόθεν, S. Ph. 1159 (lyr.); π. υἱὸς αὐτοῦ ἐστιν; Mark 12:37; πόθεν; how can it be? impossible! nonsense! E. Ph. 1620, Ar. V. 1145, Ra. 1455; σὺ δ' ὁμέστιος θεοῖς; π.; Id. Fr. 655; ἀλλ' οὐκ ἔστι ταῦτα· πόθεν; πολλοῦ γε καὶ δεῖ D. 18.47, cf. 24.157, etc.; π. γάρ; E. Alc. 781 .

5. with Verbs of finding, taking, purchasing, etc., π. ἂν πριαίμην ῥῖνα; Ar. Pax 21; π. ἄν τις τοῦτο τὸ χρῖμα λάβοι; X. Smp. 2.4; π. πρᾷον . . ἦθος εὑρήσομεν; Pl. R. 375c, cf. Euthd. 273e, al.; so κάθησθε κλάοντες περὶ τῆς αὔριον π. φάγητε Arr. Epict. 1.9.19 .

II ποθέν, enclit. Adv. from some place or other, εἴ π. Il. 9.380; εἰ καί π. ἄλλοθεν ἔλθοι Od. 7.52, cf. 5.490; φανεὶς . . π. A. Pers. 354; ἦλθέ π. σωτήρ Id. Ch. 1073 (anap.); ἐκ δρυός π. ἢ ἐκ πέτρας Pl. R. 544d; ἐκ βιβλίου π. ἀκούσας from some book or other, Id. Phdr. 268c, cf. 244d; after ἐνθένδε, ἐντεῦθεν, ib. 229b, 270a, etc.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πόθεν, adverb (from Homer down), whence;

a. of place,from what place: Matthew 15:33; Luke 13:25, 27; John 3:8; John 6:5; John 8:14; John 9:29, 30; John 19:9; Revelation 7:13; from what condition, Revelation 2:5.

b. of origin or source, equivalent to from what author or giver: Matt. 13:(),; ; Mark 6:2; Luke 20:7; John 2:9; James 4:1; from what parentage, John 7:27f (cf. ), see Meyer at the passage,

c. of cause, how is it that? how can it be that? Mark 8:4; Mark 12:37; Luke 1:43; John 1:48 (); .

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πόθεν ,



(a) of place: Matthew 15:33, Luke 13:25; Luke 13:27, John 3:8; John 6:5; John 8:14; John 9:29-30; John 19:9, Revelation 7:13; metaph., of condition, Revelation 2:5;

(b) of origin: Matthew 13:27; Matthew 13:54; Matthew 13:56; Matthew 21:25, Mark 6:2, Luke 20:7, John 2:9, James 4:1; of parentage, John 7:27-28;

(c) of cause: Mark 8:4; Mark 12:37, Luke 1:43, John 1:49; John 4:11.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

in Mark 14:68, its only occurrence in the NT, denotes the ";vestibule"; leading from the street into the αὐλή or inner court. For the metaph. use of the plur. = praeludia Herwerden (Lex. s.v.) cites Theophyl. Sim. Hist. I. 19, 8 οὐκ ἄδοξα τὰ προαύλια τῆς ἡγεμονίας ἀπενεγκαμένοις, al.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ποθεν πόθεν ποθούσα pothen póthen
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