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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3983 - πεινάω

Transliteration
peináō
Phonetics
pi-nah'-o
Origin
from the same as (G3993) (through the idea of pinching toil
Parts of Speech
TDNT
"pine")
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πείθω
 
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Definition   
Thayer's
  1. to hunger, be hungry
    1. to suffer want
    2. to be needy
  2. metaph. to crave ardently, to seek with eager desire
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3287 ‑ יָעֵף (yaw‑afe');  5098 ‑ נָהַם (naw‑ham');  5888 ‑ עִיף (aw‑yafe');  7456 ‑ רָעֵב (raw‑abe');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (24)
Matthew 9
Mark 2
Luke 5
John 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
Philippians 1
Revelation 1
NAS (24)
Matthew 9
Mark 2
Luke 5
John 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 3
Philippians 2
Revelation 1
HCS (23)
Matthew 9
Mark 2
Luke 5
John 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 3
Philippians 1
Revelation 1
BSB (23)
Matthew 9
Mark 2
Luke 5
John 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 3
Philippians 1
Revelation 1
ESV (20)
Matthew 8
Mark 2
Luke 4
John 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 2
Philippians 1
Revelation 1
WEB (24)
Matthew 10
Mark 1
Luke 4
John 2
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
Philippians 1
Revelation 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πειν-άω,

forms in αε contr. into η not (as in διψάω, cf. Phryn. 42), πεινῇς, - Ar. Eq. 1270; inf. πεινῆν Id. Nu. 441, Pl. 595, Pl. Grg. 496c; πεινήμεναι Od. 20.137 (only here in Od.): impf. ἐπείνων X. HG 6.2.15: fut. πεινήσω Hdt. 2.13, Ar. Pl. 539, X. Mem. 2.1.17; later πεινάσω [ ] LXX Si. 24.21, al., Revelation 7:16 : aor. ἐπείνησα X. Cyr. 8.3.39, ἐπείνᾱσα LXX Genesis 41:55, Luc. Epigr. 50, Aesop. 62, Ps.-Callisth. 3.6: pf. πεπείνηκα Pl. R. 606a: later we find the contr. of αε into ᾱ, ἐπείνας, πεινᾷ, -ᾶν, LXX Deuteronomy 25:18, Romans 12:20, etc.: (πεῖνἀ):

to be hungry, πεινάων, of a lion, Il. 3.25; λέοντε.. ἄμφω πεινάοντε 16.758; λέοντα.. μέγα πεινάοντα 18.162; κακῶς π. to be starved, Hdt. 2.13, 14; π. βάδην Ar. Ach. 535; thrice in Trag., πεινῶσα S. Fr. 199; πεινῶντι E. Fr. 895, Achae. 25; πεινᾶντι δὲ μηδὲ ποτένθῃς Theoc. 15.148: metaph., πεινῆν φασι τὴν γῆν Thphr. HP 8.6.2. II c. gen., hunger after, σίτου δ' οὐκέτ' ἔφη πεινήμεναι Od. 20.137.

2. metaph., hunger, crave after, χρημάτων X. Cyr. 8.3.39, etc.; ἐπαίνου Id. Oec. 13.9; simply, to be in want of, lack, πεινῶντες ἀγαθῶν Pl. R. 521a; μάλα π. συμμάχων X. Cyr. 7.5.50, etc.: later c. acc., οἱ π. καὶ διψῶντες τὴν δικαιοσύνην Matthew 5:6. [ in un contr. forms in Hom. With this the Dor. contractions δια-πεινᾶμες (v. διαπεινάω) and πεινᾶντι Theoc. l. c., and the Att. contractions (- η - from - ηε -) agree; but πεινῶντι Dor. 3 pl. pres. ind. in X. HG 1.1.23 codd. points to - ᾰοντι.]

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πεινάω, πείνω, infinitive πεινᾶν (Philippians 4:12); future πεινάσω (Luke 6:25; Revelation 7:16); 1 aorist ἐπείνασα — for the earlier forms πεινην, πεινήσω, ἐπείνησα; cf. Lob. ad Phryn., pp. 61 and 204; Winers Grammar, § 13, 3 b.; (Buttmann, 37 (32); 44 (38)); see also διψάω; (from πεινᾷ hunger; (see πένης)); from Homer down; the Sept. for רָעֵב; to hunger, be hungry;

a. properly: Matthew 4:2; Matthew 12:1, 3; Matthew 21:18; Matthew 25:35, 37, 42, 44; Mark 2:25; Mark 11:12; Luke 4:2; Luke 6:3, 25; equivalent to to suffer want, Romans 12:20; 1 Corinthians 11:21, 34; to be needy, Luke 1:53; Luke 6:21; Philippians 4:12; in this same sense it is joined with δίψαν, 1 Corinthians 4:11; in figurative discourse, οὐ πεινᾶν καί οὐ δίψαν is used to describe the condition of one who is in need of nothing requisite for his real (spiritual) life and salvation, John 6:35; Revelation 7:16.

b. metaphorically, to crave ardently, to seek with eager desire: with the accusative of the thing, τήν δικαιοσύνην, Matthew 5:6 (in the better Greek authors with a genitive as χρημάτων, Xenophon, Cyril 8, 3, 39; συμμαχων, 7, 5, 50; ἐπαινου, oec. 13, 9; cf. Winers Grammar, § 30, 10, b. at the end; (Buttmann, § 131, 4); Kuinoel on Matthew 5:6, and see διψάω, 2).


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πεινάω , - ,

[in LXX chiefly for = H7456;]

to hunger, be hungry: Matthew 4:2; Matthew 12:1; Matthew 12:3; Matthew 21:18; Matthew 25:35; Matthew 25:37; Matthew 25:42; Matthew 25:44, Mark 2:25; Mark 11:12, Luke 1:53; Luke 4:2; Luke 6:3, Romans 12:20 (LXX), 1 Corinthians 4:11; 1 Corinthians 11:21; 1 Corinthians 11:34 Philippians 4:12, Revelation 7:16; metaph., Matthew 5:6, Luke 6:21; Luke 6:25, John 6:35.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For πῆχυς in its original meaning of ";forearm,"; cf. P Amh II. 102.9 (A.D. 180) οὐλὴ π [ ]χι δεξιῷ, ";a scar on the right forearm."; As a measure of length, a ";cubit,"; about one and a half feet (cf. Hultsch, Archiv iii. p. 438 ff.), the word hardly needs illustration, but we may cite one or two exx. of the contr. πηχῶν (for πηχέων) as in John 21:8, Revelation 21:17—P Petr II. 41.2 f. (iii/B.C.) πηχῶν ι ̄θ ̄ πλάτος πηχῶν ι ̄η ̄ εἴσοδος, P Par 14.14 (B.C. 127) πηχῶν δέκα ἕξ, and P Lond 154.9 (A.D. 68) (= II. p. 179) ἔξοδος κοινὴ πλα ̣τ ̣ο ̣υς πηχῶ [ν ] τ [ριῶ ]ν : other exx. in Mayser Gr. i. p. 267. and for the LXX usage see Thackeray Gr. i. p. 151. On the possibility that πῆχυς may refer to extension of time in Matthew 6:27 (Luke 12:25) see s.v. ἡλικία. A subst. πηχισμός, which LS describe as ";Eccl.,"; is not uncommon in connexion with measurements, as of the ground-space occupied by a house in P Strass I. 9.8 (c. A.D. 307 or 352) μέτροις ] καὶ πηχισμ ̣οῖς καὶ θεμελίοις καὶ τίχεσιν. MGr πῆχυ, ";cubit"; : see Thumb Handbook, p. 57.

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επείνας επεινασα επείνασα ἐπείνασα επεινασαν επείνασαν ἐπείνασαν επείνασε επεινασεν επείνασεν ἐπείνασεν πεινα πεινά πεινᾷ πειναν πεινάν πεινᾷν πεινᾶν πεινάσει πεινασετε πεινάσετε πειναση πεινάση πεινάσῃ πεινάσητε πεινάσουσι πεινασουσιν πεινάσουσιν πεινάσω πεινάσωμεν πεινωμεν πεινώμεν πεινῶμεν πεινών πεινωντα πεινώντα πεινῶντα πεινωντας πεινώντας πεινῶντας πεινωντες πεινώντες πεινῶντες πεινώντι πεινώντων πεινώσαν πεινώσας πεινώσι πεινώσιν epeinasa epeínasa epeinasan epeínasan epeinasen epeínasen peina peinā̂i peinā̂in peinan peinase peinasē peinásei peinásēi peinasete peinásete peinasousin peinásousin peinomen peinômen peinōmen peinō̂men peinonta peinônta peinōnta peinō̂nta peinontas peinôntas peinōntas peinō̂ntas peinontes peinôntes peinōntes peinō̂ntes
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