Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, December 6th, 2023
the First Week of Advent
StudyLight.org has pledged to help build churches in Uganda. Help us with that pledge and support pastors in the heart of Africa.
Click here to join the effort!

Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3904 - παρασκευή

as if from (G3903)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Search for…
Browse by letter:
Prev Entry
Next Entry
  1. a making ready, preparation, equipping
  2. that which is prepared, equipment
  3. in the NT in a Jewish sense, the day of preparation
    1. the day on which the Jews made necessary preparation to celebrate a sabbath or a feast
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5656 ‑ עֲבוֹדָה (ab‑o‑daw', ab‑o‑daw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (6)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 3
NAS (11)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Luke 1
John 7
HCS (6)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 3
BSB (6)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 3
ESV (5)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 2
WEB (6)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

παρασκευ-ή, ἡ,

preparation, δείπνου Hdt. 9.82; παρασκευὴν σίτου παραγγείλας having ordered corn to be prepared, Id. 3.25, cf. Pl. R. 369e; π. νεῶν Ar. Ach. 190; ἐν τούτῳ παρασκευῆς ἦσαν in this state of preparation, Th. 2.17; preparation, practice, as of a speaker preparing his speech, Isoc. 4.13, X. Mem. 4.2.6; ἡ π. τῆς πραγματείας Plb. 3.26.5 (elsewh. προκατασκευή, q.v.); λέγειν ἀπὸ παρασκευῆς, opp. αὐτοσχεδίως, Alex. Fig. 1.2; also, in a speech, preparatory section, D.H. Isaiah 15:1-9 (pl.); cf. παρασκευάζω A. 3 fin. with Preps., ἐκ παρασκευῆς of set purpose, by arrangement, Antipho 6.19, Lys. 31.30; μάχη ἐγένετο ἐκ π. a pitched battle, Th. 5.56; ἀπὸ παρασκευῆς Id. 1.133; ἀπὸ π. οὐδεμιᾶς Antipho 5.22; δι' ὀλίγης παρασκευῆς at short notice, offhand, Th. 4.8; τὸ ναυτικὸν ἐν π. ἦν Id. 2.80; ἦσαν ἐν π. πολέμου were engaged in preparing for it (cf. κατασκευή), Id. 8.14; ἐν παρασκευῇ εἶναι Arist. Rh. 1382b3; μετὰ παρασκευῆς πλείστης ἠδίκησεν Id. Rh.Al. 1427a4; ἄνευ παρασκευῆς Pl. 326a.

2. providing, procuring, φίλων καὶ οὐσίας Id. R. 361b; ὑγιείας σώματι π. Id. Lg. 962a; way or means of providing, τίς.. τέχνη τῆς π. τοῦ μηδὲν ἀδικεῖσθαι; Id. Grg. 510a; δύ' εἶναι τὰς π. ἐπὶ τὸ θεραπεύειν ib. 513d; in E. Ba. 457, λευκὴν.. χροιὰν εἰς παρασκευὴν ἔχεις, ἐκ π. shd. be read.

3. intrigue, cabal, for the purpose of gaining a verdict or carrying a measure, Cratin. 185, Antipho 5.79, And. 1.1, Lys. 12.75, al., D. 43.32.

II that which is prepared, equipage, πλοῦτοί τε καὶ πᾶσα ἡ τοιαύτη π. Pl. R. 495a, cf. X. Cyr. 8.3.14.

2. freq. in military sense (v. supr. 1.1), armament, And. 1.107, Th. 6.31, X. Ages. 1.13, HG 5.2.23; ἵπποι καὶ ὅπλα καὶ ἡ ἄλλη π. Th. 2.100, cf. 5.17; γίγνεσθαι τὰς παρασκευὰς ἐποίης α I got the armaments ready for service, D. 18.102; αἱ πρὸς πόλεμον π. Arist. Rh. 1383b3.

3. generally, power, means, Th. 1.1; natural equipment, Arr. Epict. 1.2.30, 2.19.30; φύσις καὶ π. ib. 4.8.42, cf. 1.6.37; of the physical constitution of a new-born infant, Gal. 6.32; of mental faculties, predisposition, δύναμις καὶ π. Plot. 4.6.3.

III among the Jews, the day of Preparation, before the sabbath of the Passover, Mark 15:42, John 19:14; John 19:31, etc.; ἡμέρα παρασκευῆς Luke 23:54.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

παρασκευή, παρασκευῆς, , from Herodotus down;

1. a making ready, preparation, equipping.

2. that which is prepared, equipment.

3. in the N. T. in a Jewish sense, the day of preparation, i. e. the day on which the Jews made the necessary preparation to celebrate a sabbath or a feast: Matthew 27:62; Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54; John 19:31 (Josephus, Antiquities 16, 6, 2); with a genitive of the object, τοῦ πάσχα (according to Winer's Grammar, 189 (177f) a possessive genitive), John 19:14 (cf. Rückert, Abendmahl, p. 31f); with a genitive of the subjunctive, τῶν Ἰουδαίων, ibid. 42. Cf. Bleek, Beiträge zur Evangelienkritik, p. 114ff; (on later usage cf. 'Teaching 8, 1 [ET] (and Harnack's note); Martyr. Polycarp, 7, 1 [ET] (and Zahn's note); Sophocles' Lexicon, under the word, 3).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

παρα -σκευή , -ῆς , ,

[in LXX: Exodus 35:24; Exodus 39:42 (H5656, with v.l., ἀποσκ -, κατασκ -), Judith 2:17; Judith 4:5, 1 Maccabees 9:35 א , 2 Maccabees 15:21 *;]

1. preparation.

2. equipment (Jth, ll c.).

3. In Jewish usage, the day of preparation for a Sabbath or a feast (= προσάββατον , q.v.) : Matthew 27:62, Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54, John 19:31; c. gen., τοῦ πάσχα , John 19:14; τ . Ἰουδαίων , John 19:42 (it is the name for Friday in MGr.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

We may cite Magn 16.29 στέφανον διδόντες ἀπὸ πεντήκ [οντα ] χρ [υσῶν, if only because it is a good ex. of the substitution in the Κοινή of ἀπό c. gen, for the gen. of price : see Radermacher Gr. p. 91.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
παρασκευη παρασκευή παρασκευὴ παρασκευην παρασκευήν παρασκευὴν παρασκευης παρασκευής παρασκευῆς παράστασιν παρασυνεβλήθη παράταξαι παραταξασθαι παρατάξασθαι παρατάξασθε παραταξει παρατάξει παρατάξεται παρατάξεως παρατάξηται παράταξιν παράταξις παραταξόμενοι παρατάξονται παρατάσσεται παρατασσόμενοι παρατασσόμενος παρατάσσονται παρατέταγμαι παρατέτακται παρέταξαν παρετάξαντο παρεταξάτο παρετάξατο παρετάσσοντο paraskeue paraskeuē paraskeuḗ paraskeuḕ paraskeuen paraskeuēn paraskeuḗn paraskeuḕn paraskeues paraskeuês paraskeuēs paraskeuē̂s
adsFree icon
Ads FreeProfile