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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3454 - μῦθος

perhaps from the same as (G3453) (through the idea of tuition)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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  1. a speech, word, saying
  2. a narrative, story
    1. a true narrative
    2. a fiction, a fable
      1. an invention, a falsehood
Frequency Lists
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KJV (5)
1 Timothy 2
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Titus 1
2 Peter 1
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2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
2 Peter 1
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2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
2 Peter 1
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1 Timothy 2
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2 Peter 1
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1 Timothy 2
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Titus 1
2 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μῦθος, ὁ,


1. word, speech, freq. in Hom. and other Poets, in sg. and pl., ἔπος καὶ μῦθος Od. 11.561; opp. ἔργον, μύθων τε ῥητῆρ' ἔμεναι πρηκτῆρά τε ἔργων Il. 9.443, cf. 19.242; esp. mere word, μύθοισιν, opp. ἔγχεϊ, 18.252; ἔργῳ κοὐκέτι μύθῳ A. Pr. 1080 (anap.), etc.: in special relations:

2. public speech, μ. ἄνδρεσσι μελήσει Od. 1.358; μύθοισιν σκολιοῖς Hes. Op. 194; μύθου ἐπισχεσίη the submission of a plea, Od. 21.71; πρὶν ἂν ἀμφοῖν μ. ἀκούσῃς, οὐκ ἂν δικάσαις Ar. V. 725; μύθοισι κεκάσθαι to be skilled in speech, Od. 7.157.

3. conversation, mostly in pl., 4.214, 239, etc.

4. thing said, fact, matter, μῦθον δέ τοι οὐκ ἐπικεύσω ib. 744; τὸν ὄντα μ. E. El. 346; threat, command, ἠπείλησεν μῦθον Il. 1.388, cf. 25, 16.83; charge, mission, 9.625; counsel, advice, 7.358.

5. thing thought, unspoken word, purpose, design, 1.545 (pl.); μύθων οὓς μνηστῆρες ἐνὶ φρεσὶ βυσσοδόμευον Od. 4.676, cf. 777; ἔχετ' ἐν φρεσὶ μῦθον 15.445; ἔχε σιγῇ μ., ἐπίτρεψον δὲ θεοῖσι 19.502, cf. 11.442; matter, θεοῖσι μῦθον ἐπιτρέψαι 22.289; μῦθον μυθείσθην, τοῦ εἵνεκα λαὸν ἄγειραν the reason why.., 3.140.

6. saying, κατὰ τὸν ἡμέτερον μ. Pl. Epin. 980a; οὐκ ἐμὸς ὁ μ. ἀλλ '.. E. Fr. 484, cf. Pl. Smp. 177a, Call. Lav.Pall. 56, Ph. 1.601, Plu. 2.661a; saw, proverb, τριγέρων μ. τάδε φωνεῖ A. Ch. 314 (anap.).

7. talk of men, rumour, ἀγγελίαν.. τὰν ὁ μέγας μ. ἀέξει S. Aj. 226 (lyr.), cf. 188 (lyr., pl.), E. IA 72; report, message, S. Tr. 67 (pl.), E. Ion 1340.


1. tale, story, narrative, Od. 3.94, 4.324, S. Ant. 11, etc.: in Hom. like the later λόγος, without distinction of true or false, μ. παιδός of or about him, Od. 11.492: so in Trag., ἀκούσει μῦθον ἐν βραχεῖ λόγῳ (χρόνῳ cod. M.) A. Pers. 713; μύθων τῶν Λιβυστικῶν Id. Fr. 139.1: in Prose, τὸν εἰκότα μ. the like ly story, like lihood, Pl. Ti. 29d: prov., μ. ἀπώλετο, either of a story which never comes to an end, or of one told to those who do not listen, Cratin. 59, Crates Com. 21, Pl. Tht. 164d, cf. R. 621b, Lg. 645b, Phlb. 14a; μ. ἐσώθη 'that's the end of the story ', Phot.

2. fiction (opp. λόγος, historic truth), Pi. O. 1.29 (pl.), N. 7.23 (pl.), Pl. Phd. 61b, Prt. 320c, 324d, etc.

3. generally, fiction, μ. ἴδιοι Phld. Po. 5.5; legend, myth, Hdt. 2.45, Pl. R. 330d, Lg. 636c, etc.; ὁ περὶ θεῶν μ. Epicur. Ephesians 3 p.65U.; τοὺς μ. τοὺς ἐπιχωρίους γέγραφεν SIG 382.7 (Delos, iii B.C.).

4. professed work of fiction, children's story, fable, Pl. R. 377a; of Aesop's fables, Arist. Mete. 356b11.

5. plot of a comedy or tragedy, Id. Po. 1449b5, 1450a4, 1451a16.

III = στάσις, Panyas. in Coll.Alex. p.249, v.l. in Batr. 135; cf. μυθιήτης.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μῦθος, μυθου, , from Homer down;

1. a speech, word, saying.

2. a narrative, story;

a. a true narrative.

b. a fiction, a fable; universally, an invention, falsehood: 2 Peter 1:16; the fictions of the Jewish theosophists and Gnostics, especially concerning the emanations and orders of the aeons, are called μυθοι (A. V. fables) in 1 Timothy 1:4; 1 Timothy 4:7; 2 Timothy 4:4; Titus 1:14. (Cf. Trench, § xc., and references under the word γεναλογια.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** μῦθος , -ου , ,

[in LXX: Wisdom of Solomon 17:4 A, Sirach 20:19 *;]

1. speech, conversation.

2. (a) a story, narrative (Hom.);

(b) later, opp. to λόγος (a true narrative) = Lat. fabula, a myth, fable, fiction: 1 Timothy 1:4; 1 Timothy 4:7, 2 Timothy 4:4, Titus 1:14, 2 Peter 1:16.†

SYN.. λόγος G3056, q.v.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

PSI IV. 299.3 (ii/A.D.) κ ̣ατεσχέθην νόσῳ, (cf. John 5:4), P Oxy XII. 1414.26 (A.D. 270–5) ε ̣ς ̣ (l. ἐν) νόσῳ εἰμὶ καὶ τῆς πλευρᾶς [ ]έγχ ̣ομαι, ";I have (long) been ill and have a cough from my lung"; (Edd.), ib. VIII. 1121.9 (A.D. 295) νόσῳ κατα [β ]λ ̣[η ]θεῖσα, ";stricken with illness"; (Ed.), ib. VI. 939.23 (iv/A.D.) (=Selections, p. 130) ἡνίκα ἐβαρεῖτο τῇ νόσῳ, ";when she was oppressed by sickness,"; ib. VIII. 1151.26 (Christian amulet—V/A.D. ?) ὁ ἰασάμενος πᾶσαν νόσον καὶ πᾶσαν μαλακίαν (cf. Matthew 4:23), and similarly BGU III. 954.11 (vi/A.D.) (=Selections, p. 133). For ἱερὰ νόσος, ";epilepsy,"; cf. P Oxy II. 263.10 (A.D. 77) the sale of a slave ἀσυκοφάντητον πλὴν ἱερᾶς νόσου καὶ ἐπαφῆς, ";without blemish apart from epilepsy and leprosy,"; et saepe. Cf. also the sepulchral inscr. Preisigke 5883.7 θνήσκω δ᾽ οὐ νούσοισι δαμείς, εὕδων δ᾽ ἐνὶ κοίτῃ | τοῦτον ἔχω μισθὸν δύσθιον (= λοίσθιον ";last"; ) εὐσεβίης, and Kaibel 314.21 f. cited s.v. κορέννυμι. For the adj. νοσε (η)ρός see Crönert Mem. Herc. p. 295 n..2. The form νοσηλός is found in the Christian P Oxy VI. 939.26 (iv/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 130) νοσηλότερον δὲ ὅμως τὸ σωμάτιον ἔχει, ";she is still in a somewhat sickly state of body,"; and ἀνόσητος in P Iand 13.11 (iv/A.D.) εἰ ἀνόσει ̣τ ̣[ος εἶ γράψον. The verb νοσηλεύω is found bis in the so-called letter of Trajan, P Fay 19.5, .20. Νοσοκομεῖον, ";hospital,"; occurs in the late P Amh II. 154.2, .8 (vi/vii A.D.), and appears in MGr νοσοκομεῖο : but νόσος has dropped out of the vernacular, ἀρρώστια taking its place (Thumb, Handbook p. 46).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
μυθοις μύθοις μυθους μύθους μύιαι μυίαις μυίαν μυϊαν muthois muthous mythois mýthois mythous mýthous
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