the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3429 - μοιχάω
- to have unlawful intercourse with another's wife, to commit adultery with
1. = cross μοιχεύω 1: metaph., μοιχᾶν τὴν θάλατταν have dalliance with the sea, applied by Callicratidas to Conon, X. HG 1.6.15: — Pass., commit adultery, of a man, Matthew 5:32; of a woman, Mark 10:12 : metaph., to be unfaithful to God, LXX Jeremiah 3:8, Ezekiel 23:37.
2. falsify, Ael. NA 7.39.
μοιχάω, μοίχω: to have unlawful intercourse with another's wife, to commit adultery with: τινα. in Biblical Greek middle μοιχωμαι, to commit adultery: of the man, Matthew 5:32b (yet WH brackets);
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μοιχάω , -ῶ ,
(= cl. μοιχεύω ),
[in LXX (mid., absol. and c. acc, with party of either sex as subj.) : Jeremiah 3:8; Jeremiah 5:7; Jeremiah 7:9; Jeremiah 9:2; Jeremiah 23:14; Jeremiah 29:23, Ezekiel 16:32; Ezekiel 23:37; Ezekiel 23:43 (H5003) *;]
to commit adultery with: c. acc, fem. In NT always mid, in same sense; of the man : absol., Matthew 5:32; Matthew 19:9 (WH, txt., R, mg., om.); seq. ἐπ᾿ αὐτήν , Mark 10:11; of the woman: Mark 10:12.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
An interesting ex. of this word, which in the NT is confined to 1 John 5:4, occurs in the letter of the Emperor Claudius incorporated in the diploma of membership of The Worshipful Gymnastic Society of Nomads, in which he thanks the club for the golden crown sent to him on the occasion of his victorious campaign in Britain in A.D. 43—ἐπὶ τῇ κατὰ Βρετάννων νείκῃ (P Lond 1178.12 (A.D. 194)) (= III. p. 216, Selections, p. 99). See also P Giss I. 27.6 (ii/A.D.) ἐ ]ρχομένῳ εὐαγγελίζοντι τὰ τῆς νείκης αὐτοῦ καὶ προκοπῆς with reference to the arrival of a slave announcing a victory over the Jews, and the Gnostic charm for victory in the race course, P Oxy XII. 1478.3 (iii/iv A.D.) δὸς νείκην ὁλοκληρίαν σαδίου (l. σταδίου) , ";grant victory and safety in the race-course"; : the charm begins—νεικητικὸν Σαραπάμμωνει υἱῷ Ἀπολλωνείου, ";charm for victory for Sarapammon son of Apollonius,"; cf. P Lond 121.390 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 97) νικητικὸν δρομέως. P Strass I. 42.17 (A.D. 310) ὄμνυμει θεοὺς ἅπαντας καὶ τύχην καὶ νίκην τῶν δεσποτῶν ἡμῶν τῶν ἀνικήτων βασιλέων μηδένα ἀποκεκρυφέναι shows a common formula. Other exx. of the word are P Leid Biii. 18 (B.C. 164) (= I. p. 11) ὃς διδοίη σοὶ μετὰ τῆς῎ Ισιος νίκην, OGIS 90.3 (Rosetta stone B.C. 196) ὧι ὁ Ἥλιος ἔδωκεν τὴν νίκην, and ib. 678.1 (A.D. 117–38) ὑπὲρ σωτηρίας καὶ αἰωνίου νίκης Αὐτοκράτορος Καίσαρος Τραϊανοῦ Ἁδριανοῦ Σεβαστοῦ. In BGU IV. 1084 .23 (A.D. 222–35) it is the name of a goddess—ἀγυιᾶς Ἀρσινόης Νείκης. For the compound νικηφόρος see P Tebt I. 43.28 (B.C. 118) θεοὶ μέγιστοι νικηφόροι, ";most great and victorious gods,"; and the description of Ptolemy IV. (B.C. 221–05), OGIS 89.3 θε [οῦ μ ]εγάλου Φιλοπάτορος Σωτῆρος καὶ Νικηφόρου.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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