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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3423 - μνηστεύω

from a derivative of (G3415)
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  1. to woo her and ask her in marriage
  2. to be promised in marriage, be betrothed
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 781 ‑ אָרַשׂ (aw‑ras');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Matthew 1
Luke 2
NAS (3)
Matthew 1
Luke 2
HCS (3)
Matthew 1
Luke 2
BSB (3)
Matthew 1
Luke 2
ESV (2)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
WEB (2)
Luke 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Dor. μναστ-, aor. ἐμνήστευσα: pf. μεμνήστευκα D.S. 18.23: Med., fut. μνηστεύσομαι Palaeph. 29: pf. μεμνήστευμαι Luc. (v. infr.), in Pass. sense, Luke 1:27, Luke 2:5 (v.l. ἐμν -):

I court, seek in marriage, c. acc., ἀγαθήν τε γυναῖκα καὶ ἀφνειοῖο θύγατρα μνηστεύειν Od. 18.277; τὴν πλεῖστοι.. μνήστευον Hes. Fr. 33.2; ἐμνήστευσε τὴν γυναῖκα λαβεῖν X. HG 6.4.37; μ. γάμους E. IA 847, cf. Pl. Lg. 773b; woo and win, espouse, Thgn. 1112, Theoc. 18.6: Med., court for oneself, Περσεφόνης γάμον Apollod. 2.5.12, cf. J. AJ 4.8.23, Palaeph. l. c.: censured by Luc. Sol. 9, but used by him, Merc.Cond. 23, Tox. 37; ὁ τὴν κόρην μεμνηστευμένος Id. Asin. 26; - ευσαμένου μου τῷ.. υἱῷ.. τὴν.. θυγατέρα PFlor. 36.4 (iv A. D.): Pass., of the woman, μναστευθείσᾳ' ξ Ἑλλάνων E. IT 208 (lyr.), cf. Isoc. 10.39.

II promise in marriage, betroth, τινά τινι E. El. 313; γάμον μνηστεύειν (with or without τινι) to bring about a marriage for another, help him to a wife, Call. Dian. 265, A.R. 2.511: Pass., τῇ μεμνηστευμένῃ αὐτῷ γυναικί his betrothed wife, Luke 2:5. metaph., τοσόνδε κίνδυνον αὐτῷ ὁ ὄλεθρος τῶν ἀδελφῶν μ. J. AJ 17.1.1; ἡδονήν [τινι] μ. τῷ κάλλει Jul. 180; ἡμῖν τοῦ μέλους τὸ ἐνδόσιμον μ. ib. 186.

III generally, sue, canvass for a thing, c. acc., χειροτονίαν Isoc. 8.15: c. inf., μνηστευόμενος ἄρχειν ἑκόντων Plu. Caes. 58: also in Med., μ. πόλεμον, διαλλαγάς, J. BJ 2.17.3, AJ 5.7.4. λόγον μ. τινί pass off a speech upon a person, hawk it to him, Socr. 30.13.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μνηστεύω: passive, perfect participle μεμνηστευμενος (R G) and ἐμνηστευμενος (L T Tr WH) (cf. Winers Grammar, § 12, 10; Veitch, under the word; Tdf. Proleg., p. 121); 1 aorist participle μνηστευθεις; (μνηστός betrothed, espoused); from Homer down; the Sept. for אֵרֵשׂ; τινα (γυναῖκα), to woo her and ask her in marriage; passive to be promised in marriage, be betrothed: τίνι, Matthew 1:18; Luke 1:27; Luke 2:5.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μνηστεύω ,

[in LXX for H781 pi., pu.;]

1. to woo and win, espouse.

2. to promise in marriage, betroth; pass., of the woman, to be betrothed: c. dat. pers., Matthew 1:18, Luke 1:27; Luke 2:5.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the rare form νήστης see the medical receipt P Oxy VIII. 1088.44 (early i/A.D.) ταῦτα νήστηι δίδου πεῖν, ";give them to the patient to drink fasting"; (Ed.) : cf. Syll 805 (=.3 1171).9 (Rom.) ἔδωκεν εὔζωμον νήστῃ τρώγειν, ";he gave rocket to the fasting man to eat."; MGr νηστικός, ";sober,"; ";hungry.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εμνηστευμενη ἐμνηστευμένῃ εμνηστευμενην ἐμνηστευμένην μεμνηστευμένη μεμνηστευμένην μεμνήστευται Μνηστευθεισης Μνηστευθείσης μνηστεύσομαί emnesteumene emnēsteumenē emnesteuménei emnēsteuménēi emnesteumenen emnesteuménen emnēsteumenēn emnēsteuménēn Mnesteutheises Mnesteutheíses Mnēsteutheisēs Mnēsteutheísēs