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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3057 - λόγχη

perhaps a root word
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
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  1. the iron point or head of a spear
  2. a lance, spear (a shaft armed with iron)
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2719 ‑ חֶרֶב (kheh'‑reb);  3852 ‑ לַחֶבֶת (leh‑aw‑baw', lah‑eh'‑beth);  4239 ‑ מְחִי (mekh‑ee');  7227 ‑ רַב (rab);  7420 ‑ רֹמַח (ro'‑makh);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
John 1
NAS (1)
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HCS (1)
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BSB (1)
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ESV (1)
John 1
WEB (1)
John 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(A), ,


1. spear-head, Hdt. 7.69; λ. δορός S. Tr. 856, E. Tr. 1318 (both lyr.): also in pl. of a single spear, the point with its barbs, τὸ ξυστὸν τῇσι λόγχῃσι ἐὸν ὁμοίως χρύσεον the shaft alike with the spear-head, Hdt. 1.52, etc.; λόγχαι δ' ἐκαυλίζοντο καὶ ξυστὴ κάμαξ Ar. Fr. 404, cf. X. Cyn. 10.3 (where the shaft is ῥάβδος) ; οἱ κνώδοντες τῆς λόγχης the barbs of the spear-head, ib. 16.

2. lance-shaped birth-mark, Trag.Adesp. 84.

II lance, spear, javelin, Batr. 129; χαλκέας λόγχας ἀκμᾷ Pi. N. 10.60, cf. S. Tr. 512 (lyr.), etc.: metaph., ὀμμάτων ἄπο λόγχας ἵησιν Id. Fr. 157; λόγχας ἐσθίων, prov. of a bragging coward, a 'fire-eater', Timocl. 12.5.

III troop of spearmen, ξὺν ἑπτὰ λόγχαις S. OC 1312, cf. Ant. 119 (lyr.); μυρίαν ἄγων λόγχην E. Ph. 442; λόγχης ἀριθμῷ πλείονος κρατούμεναι Id. Fr. 286.12; χωρεῖτε, λόγχη Id. Cret. 45.


(B), , Ion. for λάχος, lot (cf. λέλογχα), Ion Hist.15, SIG 1013.12 (Chios, iv B. C.), Hsch.; also λόγχαι· ἀπολαύσεις, Id.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

λόγχη, λογχης, ;

1. the iron point or head of a spear: Herodotus 1, 52; Ken. an. 4, 7, 16, etc.

2. a lance, spear (shaft armed with iron): John 19:34. (the Sept.; Pindar, Tragg., and following.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

λόγχη , -ης , ,

[in LXX for H7420, etc.;]

1. a spear-head.

2. a lance, spear: Matthew 27:49 ([WH], R, mg.), John 19:34.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Lond 191.12 (inventory of furniture—A.D. 103–117) (= II. p. 265) λόγχαι ἔννεα. In an account of cures at the Asclepieium at Epidaurus, Syll 802.95 ff. (iii/B.C.), we find the following—Εὔιππος λόγχαν ἔτη ἐφόρησε ἓξ ἐν τᾶι γνάθωι · ἐγκοιτασθέντος δ᾽ (α)ὐτοῦ ἐξελὼν τὰν λ [ ]γχαν ὁ θεὸς εἰς τὰς χῆράς οἱ ἔδωκε. ἁμέρας δὲ γενομένας ὑγιὴς ἐξῆρπε, τὰν λόγχαν ἐν ταῖς χερσὶν ἔχων : cf. ib. 803.65 (iii/B.C.)[On Incubation or the cure of disease in pagan temples and Christian churches, see Mary Hamilton’s essay with that title, London, 1906.]


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
λόγχαι λόγχαις λόγχας λογχη λόγχη λόγχῃ λογχην λόγχην lonche lonchē lónchei lónchēi lonchen lonchēn lónchen lónchēn
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