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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2958 - Κυρήνιος

of Latin origin
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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Cyrenius = "warrior"
  1. the Greek form of the Roman name Quirinus. His full name is Publius Sulpicius Quirinus. He was consul B.C. 12., and was made governor of Syria after the banishment of Archelaus in A.D. 6. He was probably twice governor of Syria; his first governorship extended from B.C. 4 (the year of Christ's birth) to B.C. 1. It was during this time that he was sent to make enrolment which caused Joseph and Mary to visit Bethlehem. Luke 2:2. The second enrolment is mentioned in Acts 5:37.
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Luke 1
NAS (1)
Luke 1
HCS (1)
Luke 1
BSB (1)
Luke 1
ESV (1)
Luke 1
Thayer's Expanded Definition

Κυρήνιος (Lachmann Κυρινος (Κυρεῖνος Tr marginal reading WH marginal reading (see εἰ, ))), Κυρηνίου, , Quirin(-i)us (in full, Publius Sulpicius Quirinus (correctly Quirinius; see Woolsey in Bib. Sacr. for 1878, pp. 499-513)), a Roman consul A. U. C. 742; afterward (not before the year 759) governor of Syria (where perhaps he may previously have been in command, 751-752). While filling that office after Archelaus had been banished and Judaea had been reduced to a province of Syria, he made the enrolment mentioned in Acts 5:37 (cf. Josephus, Antiquities 18, 1, 1). Therefore Luke in his Gospel 2:2 has made a mistake (yet see added references below) in defining the time of this enrolment. For in the last years of Herod the Great, not Quirinius but Sentius Saturninus was governor of Syria. His successor, A. U. C. 750, was Quintilius Varus; and Quirinius (who died in the year 774) succeeded Varus. Cf. Winers RWB, see under the words, Quirinins and Schatzung; Strauss, Die Halben u. die Ganzen (Berl. 1865), p. 70ff; Hilgenfeld in the Zeitschr. f. wissensch. Theologie for 1865, p. 480ff; Keim, i., 399f (English translation, ii. 115); Schürer, Neutest. Zeitgeschichte, p. 161f; Weizsäicker in Schenkel see p. 23ff; (Keil, Comm. üb. Mark. u. Luk., p. 213ff; McClellan, New Testament etc., i., p. 392ff; and Woolsey in B. D. American edition, under the word , and at length in Bib. Sacr. for Apr. 1870, p. 291ff).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(prop. -ίνιος , v. Bl., 13; -ῖνος L, -εῖνος , Tr., WH, mg.), -ου , ,

Quirinus, prop. Quirinius: Luke 2:2.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Upon the different forms of this proper name in the MSS. of Luke 2:2, see Robertson Gr. p. 192, and for the bearing of certain recently discovered inscrr. on Quirinius’ Governorship of Syria, and the date of the Nativity (now to be placed in all probability in B.C. 8), see W. M. Ramsay Recent Discovery, pp. 222–300, Journal of Roman Studies vii. p. 273 ff. There is also a convenient summary of the new evidence by W. M. Calder in Discovery i. (1920), p. 100 ff.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
Κυρηνιου Κυρηνίου Kureniou Kurēniou Kyreniou Kyreníou Kyrēniou Kyrēníou
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