the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2933 - κτῆμα
- a possession
- of property, lands, estates
κτῆμα, ατος, τό,
1. anything gotten, piece of property, possession, sg. once in Hom., μή νύ τι.. δόμων ἐκ κτῆμα φέρηται Od. 15.19; later ταύτας [γυναῖκας] ἐξείλεθ' αὑτῷ κ. S. Tr. 245; ἡδὺ κ. τῆς νίκης λαβεῖν Id. Ph. 81, cf. OT 549, Ant. 702, E. Or. 230, 703, etc.; κ. ἐς αἰεί Th. 1.22; ὡς ἡδὺ καὶ μακάριον τὸ κ. Pl. R. 496c, etc.; of a slave, παλαιὸν οἴκων κ. E. Med. 49, cf. Pl. Phd. 62d, X. Oec. 1.6, Vect. 4.42; κ. ἔμψυχον Arist. Pol. 1253b32; of a calf, J. AJ 6.14.3; κ. πάντων ἐστὶ τιμιώτατον ἀνὴρ φίλος Hdt. 5.24.
2. freq. in pl., possessions, in Hom. of heirlooms, δόμοις ἐν κτήματα κεῖται Il. 9.382, Od. 4.127; also, of all kinds of property, freq. in Od., κ. δαρδάπτουσιν 14.92, cf. 18.144, al.; διέλαχον.. κτημάτων παμπησίαν A. Th. 817, etc.; Ἔοως ὃς ἐν κτήμασι πίπτεις who fallest upon wealth, i.e. on the wealthy, S. Ant. 782 codd. (lyr.): sts., χρήματα καὶ κ. property in money and chattels, Pl. Lg. 728e, cf. Isoc. 1.28; = κτήνη, Pl. Grg. 484c, Phd. 62b; opp. ἀγροί, personal (opp. real) property, Isa 5.43; less freq. of landed property, κ. ἔχων ἐν Βοιωτίᾳ D. 18.41 (sg. as v.l.), Hdn. 2.6.3: later freq. in sg., estate, farm, field, etc., Acts 5:1, BGU 530.21 (i A.D.), etc.; ἀμπελικὸν κ. vineyard, PRyl. 157.4 (ii A.D.).
3. in pl., materials, κ. πιλητά Gal. UP 6.4, 7.22.
κτῆμα, κτηματος, τό (from κτάομαι, as χρῆμα from χράομαι), a possession: as in Greek writers, of property, lands, estates, etc., Matthew 19:22; Mark 10:22; Acts 2:45; Acts 5:1.
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κτῆμα , -τος , τό
(< κτάομαι ),
[in LXX for H3754, etc.;]
a possession, property: Matthew 19:22, Mark 10:22, Acts 2:45; Acts 5:1.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
κτῆμα may mean ";a piece of landed property"; of any kind, ";a field,"; as in Acts 5:1 (cf. 3 χωρίον). Thus BGU II. 530.21 (i/A.D.)(= Selections, p. 61) τὸ κτῆμα ἀγεώργητόν ἐστιν refers to an allotment that was lying neglected and untilled, while the word is frequently applied to a ";vineyard,"; e.g. P Giss I. 79iii. 11 (c. A.D. 117) οὗ χ [άρι ]ν ̣ οὐδ [εὶ ]ς ἀθυμεῖ πωλεῖν κτῆμα, P Oxy IV. 707.25 (c. A.D. 136) τὰς τοῦ κτήματος καὶ πωμαρίου πλάτας, ";the walls (?) of the vineyard and orchard"; (Edd.), and with the adj. P Ryl II. 157.4 (A.D. 135) οὐσιακ [ὸ ]ν ἀμπελικὸν κτῆμα, ";the domain-land vineyard"; (Edd.). For the plur., as in Mark 10:22, see ib. 76.11 (late ii/A.D.) a deposition regarding the division of certain property—τὴν διαίρεσιν τῶν κτημάτων —";according to households and not individuals"; (κατ᾽ οἶκον καὶ μὴ κατὰ πρόσωπον), and ib. I. 28.182 (iv/A.D.) δεσπότης ἔσται πολλῶν ἀγαθῶν καὶ κτημάτων, ";he will be master of many blessings and possessions."; The dim. κτημάτιον may be illustrated from P Tebt II. 616 (ii/A.D.) ἐπιμέλεσθαι τ [οῦ ] κτηματίου τῶν καθηκόντων ἔργων, and the collective κτῆσις from P Ryl II. 145.7 (A.D. 38) ζυτοποιὸς τῆς κτήσεως, ";a brewer on the estate."; For the adj. κτηματικός cf. P Oxy I. 136.18 (A.D. 583) γεωργῶν ́ κτηματικῶν τε καὶ κωμητικῶν καὶ ἐξωτικῶν, ";labourers both on the estate and in the villages and adjacent property"; (Edd.), and for the word κτηματώνης, ";the purchaser of an article,"; which is confined to the inscrr., see Deissmann BS p. 147.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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