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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2922 - κριτήριον
- the instrument or means of trying or judging anything
- the rule by which one judges
- the place where judgment is given
- the tribunal of a judge
- a bench of judges
- the matter judged, thing to be decided, suit, case
1. means for judging or trying, standard, freq. of the mental faculties and senses, ἔχων αὐτῶν τὸ κ. ἐν αὑτῷ Pl. Tht. 178b, cf. R. 582a, Plu. 2.448b, etc.; τὸ αἰσθητήριον καὶ κ. τῶν.. χυμῶν Arist. Metaph. 1068a3, cf. Epicur. Ephesians 1 p.5U. (pl.), Sent. 24, al.; περὶ κριτηρίου, title of works by Epicurus (D.L. 10.27), Posidonius (Diocl. ap. D.L. 7.54), and Ptolemy: generally, χρόνον εἶναι μέτρον καὶ κ. τάχους measure, test, Zeno Stoic. 1.26, etc.
2. court of judgement, tribunal, Pl. Lg. 767b; καθίζειν κ. Plb. 9.33.12, cf. PHib. 1.29 (a) (iii B. C.), 1 Corinthians 6:2, IG 14.951.20, Paus. 2.20.7, POxy. 2134.6 (ii A. D.), etc. decision of a tribunal, judgement, SIG 826 K 9 (Delph., ii B. C.).
κριτήριον , -ου , τό
(< κριτής ),
1. a means of judging, test, criterion.
2. a tribunal: 1 Corinthians 6:2; 1 Corinthians 6:4, James 2:6.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
κριτήριον in the sense of ";tribunal,"; ";court of justice,"; as in 1 Corinthians 6:2; 1 Corinthians 6:4 (RV marg.), James 2:6 (cf. Judges 5:10 al.), is frequent in the papyri, e.g. P Hib I. 29 Fr. (a) recto.5 (c. B.C. 265) (= Chrest. I. p. 306) ἐὰν δὲ ἀν ]τιλ ̣ε ̣γ ̣ηι, κριθήτωσα [ν ἐ ]π ̣[ὶ ] τοῦ ἀ [ποδε ]δειγμένου κ ̣[ρι ]τ ̣η ̣ρ ̣ι ̣ου, ";if he dispute the decision, they shall be tried before the appointed tribunal"; (Edd.), P Grenf I. 15.7 (B.C. 146 or 135) ὅπ ]ως μὴ περισπώμεθα ἐπὶ τὰ [.........]τα κριτήρια, BGU IV. 1054.1.(time of Augustus) Π ]ρωτάρχωι τῶι ἐπὶ τοῦ κριτηρίου παρὰ Ἀπολλωνίου, P Oxy X. 1270.16 (A.D. 159) πρὸς τῇ ἐπιμελείᾳ τ [ῶν χρηματιστῶν ] καὶ τῶν ἄλλων κριτηρί [ων, and similarly P Tebt II. 319.2 (A.D. 248). See also s.vv. ἀγοραῖος and ἑλκύω, and cf. Archiv iv. p. 8 f., v. pp. 40, 59 f. In Syll 371.9 (time of Nero) ἀνὴ [ρ ] δεδοκιμασμένος τοῖς θείοις κριτηρίοις τῶν Σεβαστῶν ἐπί τε τῇ τέχνῃ τῆς ἰατρικῆς, the word has its original sense of ";standard,"; ";test.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19