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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2726 - κατήφεια

from a compound of (G2596) and perhaps a derivative of the base of (G5316) (meaning downcast in look)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
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  1. a downcast look expressive of sorrow
  2. shame, dejection, gloom
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
James 1
NAS (1)
James 1
HCS (1)
James 1
BSB (1)
James 1
ESV (1)
James 1
WEB (1)
James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. and κατηφ-είη, ἡ, (κατηφής)

dejection (λύπη κάτω βλέπειν ποιοῦσα Plu. 2.528e), δυσμενέσιν μὲν χάρμα κατηφείην δὲ σοὶ αὐτῷ Il. 3.51; κ. καὶ ὄνειδος 16.498, 17.556; κ. τέ τις ἅμα καὶ κατάμεμψις σφῶν αὐτῶν πολλὴ ἦν Th. 7.75; opp. χαρά, Ephesians 4:9; δυσθυμία καὶ κ. Plu. Them. 9; τὴν βουλὴν ἄχος καὶ κ. ἔσχε Id. Cor. 20, cf. D.H. 3.19, Corn. ND 28, Charito 6.8; κ. καὶ σύννοια Ph. 2.204; κ. καὶ ὀϊζύς Rhian. 1.8.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κατήφεια, κατηφειας, (from κατηφής, of a downcast look; and this from κατά, and τά φαη the eyes; Etym. Magn. (496, 53) κατήφεια. ἀπό τοῦ κάτω τά φαη βάλλειν τούς ὀνειδιζομενους λυπουμενους; because, as Plutarch,de dysopia (others,de vitioso pudore (528 e.))

c. 1 says, it is λύπη κάτω βλέπειν ποιοῦσα), properly, a downcast look expressive of sorrow; hence, shame, dejection, gloom (A. V. heaviness"): James 4:9. (Homer, Iliad 3, 51; 16, 498 etc.; Thucydides 7, 75; Josephus, Antiquities 13, 16, 1; Plutarch, Cor. 20; (Pelop. 33, 3, and often; Dionysius Halicarnassus, Char., etc.); often in Philo.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* κατήφεια , -ας ,

(< κατηφής , downcast, Wisdom of Solomon 17:4 *),

dejection: James 4:9.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In P Oxy III. 471.92 (ii/A.D.) τί οὖν ὁ κατηφὴς σὺ καὶ ὑπεραύ [σ ]τηρος οὐκ ἐκώλυες; the context suggests that κατηφής = ";with eyes cast down for shame,"; and the same reference to the outward expression of the countenance underlies the only occurrence of the subst. in the NT, James 4:9, where it should be rendered ";gloominess"; rather than ";heaviness"; (AV, RV). See also the citations in Field Notes, p. 238, e.g. Charit. Aphrod. vi. 8 : πρὸς δὲ τὴν φήμην κατήφεια πᾶσαν ἔσχε Βαβυλῶνα (these tidings cast a gloom over the whole city).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κατηφειαν κατήφειαν katepheian katēpheian katḗpheian
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