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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2709 - καταχθόνιος

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2596) and chthon (the ground)
Parts of Speech
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  1. subterranean
    1. refers to those who dwell in the world below, departed souls
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Philippians 1
NAS (2)
Philippians 2
HCS (1)
Philippians 1
BSB (1)
Philippians 1
ESV (1)
Philippians 1
WEB (1)
Philippians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

καταχθόν-ιος, ον,

also η, ον A.R. 4.1413:

subterranean, Ζεὺς καταχθόνιος, i.e. Pluto, Il. 9.457 (but Ζεὺς κ., = Veiouis, D.H. 2.10); of Pluto, Demeter, Persephone, and the Erinyes, IG 3.1423; δαίμονες κ. Hierocl. in CA I p.419 M.; = Lat. Di Manes, AP 7.333; κ.θεοί, = Lat. Di Manes, freq. in sepulchral Inscrr., IG 14.1660, al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καταχθόνιος, καταχτονιον (κατά (see κατά, III. 3), χθών (the earth)), subterranean, Vulg. infernus: plural, of those who dwell in the world below, i. e. departed souls (cf. Winers Grammar, § 34, 2; but others make the adjective a neuter used indefinitely; see Lightfoot, in the place cited), Philippians 2:10. (Homer, Dionysius Halicarnassus, Anthol., etc., Inscriptions)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* κατα -χθόνιος , -ον

(< χθών , the earth),

subterranean, under the earth (in cl., of the infernal gods): of the departed in Hades, opp. to ἐπουράνιος , ἐπίγειος , Philippians 2:10.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

OGIS 382.1 (ii/A.D.)—an inscr. in which Aurelius Pacorus, King of Armenia, announces θ (εοῖς) κ (αταχθονίοις) that he has purchased a sarcophagus for his brother. Cf. such common formulae as CIG III. 4252b.7 ἁμαρτ ]ωλὸς ἒστ [ω θεοῖς κατα ]χθονίοις, 4253.22 ἔστω ἱερόσυλος [θ ]εοῖς οὐ [ρ ]ανίοις καὶ καταχθονίοις, and the mention of ἄγγελοι καταχθόνιοι for the older ἀμφίπολοι χθόνιοι in Audollent 74.1 al.



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταχθονιων καταχθονίων katachthonion katachthoniōn katachthoníon katachthoníōn
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