the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2541 - Καῖσαρ
Caesar = "severed"
- the surname of Julius Caesar, which adopted by Octavius Augustus and his successors afterwards became a title, and was appropriated by the Roman emperors as part of their title
Καῖσαρ, ᾰρος, ὁ,
(said to be Punic, = elephant, Lyd. Mens. 4.102)
Caesar, a cognomen of the Gens Julia; esp. of Julius Caesar, D.S. 5.22, Str. 4.5.3, etc.; Κ. ὁ θεός prob. in OGI 767.5; also of Augustus, ib.458.9 (9 B.C.), Nic.Dam. Vit.Caes. tit., etc.; ὁ νεὸς Κ., opp. ὁ πρεσβύτερος Κ., ib. 6; in general, the Emperor, OGI 473.8, etc.; Καίσαρος ἀπελεύθερος ib.629.90, etc.; Πρῖμος Καίσαρος, i. e. P. the Emperor's slave, Wilcken Chr. 112.4; ἀπόδοτε τὰ Καίσαρος Καίσαρι Luke 20:25 : pl., οἱ Καίσαρες OGI 516.21: as title of the designated successor, Καίσαρα ἀποδεικνύει Hdn. 2.15.3, etc.; name of month in the province of Asia, OGI 458.54, etc.: —
hence Καισάρειος, ον, of, belonging to Caesar, οἱ Κ. his household or officials, POxy. 477.5 (ii A. D.), D.C. 52.24, al.; οἶκος Κ., hall in Herod the Great's palace, J. BJ 1.21.1; τὸ Κ. temple of Julius Caesar at Alexandria, Str. 17.1.9: Καισάρεια (καιρό-ηα), τά, games in honour of Gaius Caesar at Cos, SIG 1065.9 (Cos); at Corinth and elsewhere, IG 7.1856 (Thespiae), etc.: Καισάρειος, or καιρό-ιος, ὁ (sc. μήν), name of month in Egypt and elsewhere, POxy. 45.17 (i A. D.), Hemerolog.Flor., etc.: —
also Καισαρεών, ῶνος, ὁ, REt. Gr. 19.268 (Κες-, Aphrodisias):
Καῖσαρ, Καίσαρος (Alexander Buttmann (1873) 16 (15)), ὁ, Caesar (properly, the surname of Julius Caesar, which being adopted by Octavianus Augustus and his successors afterward became an appellative, and was appropriated by the Roman emperors as a part of their title (cf. Dict. of Biogr. and Mythol. under the word
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Καῖσαρ , -αρος , ὁ ,
Cæsar: Matthew 22:17, Luke 2:1, John 19:12, Acts 25:8 ff., al.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Lightfoot (Phil..2 p. 169 ff.) has shown that by the phrase οἱ ἐκ τῆς Καίσαρος οἰκίας in Philippians 4:22 we are probably to understand slaves and freedmen attached to the palace, and has appealed to inscriptional evidence to prove that the designation embraced a large number of persons both in Rome and elsewhere (e.g. Ephesus), filling every description of more or less domestic office : see further SH p. 418 ff. In BGU I. 156.8 (A.D.201) χρηματίσατε Σατουρνείνῳ Καισάρων οἰκονόμῳ, Wilcken (Ostr. i. p. 499 n..4) holds that Καισάρων stands for Καισάρων δούλῳ : similarly in P Lond 256 recto.1 (A.D. 11–15) (= II. p. 96) Φαῦστος Πρίσκου Καίσαρος = Φ. Π. Καίσαρος δούλου (ib. p. 662); cf. the simple gen. Χριστοῦ, ";belonging to Christ"; (Galatians 3:29 al. : Deissmann LAE p. 382). On the other hand Καισάρειοι = ";Imperial freedmen,"; e.g. in P Oxy III. 477.5 (A.D.132–3), though their exact position is far from clear : see Chrest. I. 1. p. 47, and cf. Schubart Archiv v. p. 116 ff. For Καισαριανοί, ";Caesar’s officials,"; see Epict. i. 19. 19, and for καισάριον, ";palace,"; see an inscr. of the time of the Emperor Maurice referred to in Archiv ii. p. 403.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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