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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2397 - ἰδέα

from (G1492)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
  1. form, external appearance
  2. aspect, look
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1823 ‑ דְּמוּת (dem‑ooth');  4758 ‑ מַרְאֶה (mar‑eh');  
Frequency Lists  
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KJV (1)
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἰδέα [],

Ion. ἰδέη, ἡ, (ἰδεῖν)


1. form, ἰδέᾳ καλός Pi. O. 10(11).103, cf. Theoc. 29.6; τὴν ἰ. πάνυ καλός Pl. Prt. 315e; τὴν ἰ. μοχθηρός And. 1.100, cf. Ar. Av. 1000; ἰδέην ὁρέων Hdt. 1.80; opp. χρῶμα, Id. 4.109; opp. μέγεθος, Pl. Phd. 109b (pl.); ἡ ἰ. αὐτοῦ ἦν ὡς ἀστραπή Matthew 28:3, etc.; of the elementary shapes, ἄτομοι ἰδέαι Democr. ap. Plu. 2.1111a codd., cf. Fr. 141 D.; of the four elements, Philistion ap. Anon.Lond. 20.25.

2. semblance, opp. reality, γνώμην ἐξαπατῶσ' ἰδέαι outward appearances cheat the mind, Thgn. 128.

3. kind, sort, φύλλα τοιῆσδε ἰδέης Hdt. 1.203; φύσιν παρέχονται ἰδέης τοιήνδε [οἱ ποτάμιοι ἵπποι ] Id. 2.71; ἐφρόνεον διφασίας ἰ. they conceived two modes of acting, Id. 6.100, cf. 119; τὰ ὄργι' ἐστὶ τίν' ἰ. ἔχοντά σοι; what is their nature or fashion? E. Ba. 471; ἑτέραν ὕμνων ἰ. Ar. Ra. 384; καινὰς ἰ. εἰσφέρειν new forms of comedy, Id. Nu. 547; τίς ἰ. βουλεύματος; Id. Av. 993; πᾶσα ἰ. θανάτου every form of death, or death in every form, Th. 3.81, cf. 83, 2.51; πολλαὶ ἰ. πολέμων Id. 1.109; ἡ ὑπάρχουσα ἰ. τῆς παρασκευῆς Id. 4.55; πᾶσαν ἰδέαν πειράσαντες having tried every way, Id. 2.19; τῇ αὐτῇ ἰ. Id. 3.62, 6.76; οὐκ ἐν ταῖς αὐταῖς ἰ. not in the same relations, Isoc. 3.44: εἰς μίαν τινὰ ἰ. into one kind of existence, Pl. Tht. 184d; ἄλλη ἰ. πολιτείας Id. R. 544c, etc.; ἀγοραίας.. ἰδέας τοῦ βίου Epicur. Fr. 196.

4. esp. in Rhet., etc., of literary form, ἀμφοτέραις ταῖς ἰδέαις κατεχρήσαντο πρὸς τὴν ποίησιν Isoc. 2.48, cf. 15.47,183; ἡ ἰαμβικὴ ἰ. Arist. Po. 1449b8, cf. 1450b34, Rh.Al. 1425a9, etc.; ἡ ἐν τῷ λέγειν ἰ. Phld. Rh. 2.258 S. style, Πλατωνική, Δημοσθενικὴ ἰ., Syrian. in Hermog. 1.112 R. a quality of style (e.g. σαφήνεια, γοργότης, etc.), Hermog. Id. tit., etc.


1. in Logic,= εἶδος, class, kind: hence, principle of classification, ἔφησθα.. μιᾷ ἰδέᾳ τά τε ἀνόσια ἀνόσια εἶναι καὶ τὰ ὅσια ὅσια Pl. Euthphr. 6d, cf. Phdr. 265d. Sph. 253d, etc.

2. pl. in Platonic Philosophy, ideal forms, archetypes, τὰς.. ἰ. νοεῖσθαι μέν, ὁρᾶσθαι δ' οὔ Id. R. 507b, cf. 596b,al., Arist. Metaph. 990a34, al., EN 1096a17: also in sg., ἡ τοῦ ἀγαθοῦ ἰ. Pl. R. 508e, al., cf. εἶδος.

3. notion, idea, προάγειν τὸν ἀποκρινόμενον ἐπὶ τὴν ἰ. ἀγνοουμένου πράγματος Nausiph. 2. (Written εἰδέα in later Greek, as PGen. 16.17 (iii A.D.), v.l. in Matthew 28:3.)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἰδέα , -ας , , see εἰδέα .


(Rec. ἰδ -, as in cl.; v. Tdf., Pr., 81), -ας ,

(< εἶδον ),

[in LXX (v.l. ἰδ -): Genesis 5:3 (H1823), Da TH Daniel 1:13; Daniel 1:15 (H4758), Ep. Je.63, 2 Maccabees 3:16*;]

form, appearance, look: Matthew 28:3.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT


P Oxy X. 1277.10 (A.D. 255) προσκεφάλαια. . λινᾶ τῆς αὐτῆς εἰδαίας (l. ἰδέας), ";of the same quality"; (Edd.), and the magical papyrus P Lond 121.760 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 108) ἵνα πᾶσαν εἰδέαν ἀποτελέσῃς. Note εἰ – for –, as in Matthew 28:3, and cf. the cognate forms εἶδος and εἴδωλον. Ἰδέα comes from *ϝ ιδεσα (Boisacq, p. 220) : see also s.v. ἴσος. On the AV translation ";countenance"; in Mt l.c. see Field Notes, p. 22. The word in MGr = ";thought,"; ";idea.";


This poetic form, which in the NT is confined to Matthew 28:3, is found in P Gen I. 16.17 (A.D. 207) (= Chrest I. p. 417) καὶ διὰ αὐτὸ τ [ο ]ῦτο τὸ (om.) μέρος πάντα τὰ ὑποστέλλοντα τῇ κώμῃ πάμπολλα ὄντα ἀποδ [ ]δοται ἕνεκ [α ] τοῦ μὴ ἔχιν τὴν κώμην μήτε ἰδι [ω ]τικὴν γῆν μήτε βασ [ιλ ]ικὴν μηδὲ ἄλλην εἰδέαν.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ειδεα εἰδέα ιδέα ιδέαι ιδέαν ιδιοποιείτο eidea eidéa
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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