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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2189 - ἔχθρα

from (G2190)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
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  1. enmity
  2. cause of enmity
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 340 ‑ אָיַב (aw‑yab');  342 ‑ אֵיבָה (ay‑baw');  639 ‑ אַף (af);  6158 ‑ עוֹרֵב (o‑rabe', o‑rabe');  8135 ‑ שִׂנְאָה (sin‑aw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
Galatians 1
Ephesians 2
James 1
HCS (0)
HCS (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
Galatians 1
Ephesians 2
James 1
BSB (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
Galatians 1
Ephesians 2
James 1
ESV (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
Galatians 1
Ephesians 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
WEB (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
Galatians 1
Ephesians 2
James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. ἔχθρη, ἡ,

hatred, enmity, Hdt. 5.81, Pi. P. 4.145, etc.: in philos. sense, = νεῖκος 1.5, Plot. 3.2.2; ἔ. τινός hatred for, enmity to one, Antipho 2.4.1, Th. 3.10; κατ' ἔχθραν τινός Ar. Pax 133; ἔ. ἔς τινα Hdt. 1.5, Th. 2.68; εἴς θεόν Romans 8:7; πρός τινα A. Pr. 491 (pl.), Th. 2.68; δι' ἔχθρας μολεῖν, ἀφῖχθαί τινι, to be at feud with one, E. Ph. 479, Hipp. 1164; δι' ἔχθρας οὐδετέρῳ γενήσομαι Ar. Ra. 1412; εἰς ἔ. βάλλειν τινά A. Pr. 390; εἰς ἔ. ἐλθεῖν D. 21.62; καταστῆσαί τινας εἰς ἔχθραν τῷ δήμῳ X. HG 3.5.9; πολλὴν εἰς ἔχθραν ἀλλήλοις καὶ πολλῶν πέρι καθίστανται Pl. Plt. 307d, cf. Isoc. 9.67; πρὸς ἔχθραν from personal enmity, D. 18.141; ἔ. συμβάλλειν, συνάπτειν τινί, to engage in hostility with.., E. Med. 45, Heracl. 459; ἔ. τισὶν ἄρασθαι D. 21.132; καταλλάσσεσθαι τὰς ἔ. Hdt. 7.145; λύσασαν ἔ. τὴν πάρος E. Tr. 50; τὰς μεγάλας ἔ. διαλύεσθαι Th. 4.19; πρὸς ἀλλήλους ἔ. ἀνείλοντο Isaiah 1:9; διαλλαχθῆναι τῆς ἔ. And. 2.26: prov., Ἐμπεδοκλέους ἔ., of undying hatred, Lys. Fr. 261 S.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἔχθρα, ἔχθρας, (from the adjective ἐχθρός), enmity: Luke 23:12; Ephesians 2:14 (15),16; plural, Galatians 5:20; ἔχθρα (Lachmann ἔχθρα feminine adjective (Vulg. inimica)) Θεοῦ, toward God, James 4:4 (where Tdf. τῷ Θεῷ); εἰς Θεόν, Romans 8:7; by metonymy, equivalent to cause of enmity, Ephesians 2:14 (15) (but cf. Meyer. (From Pindar down.))

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἔχθρα , -ας ,

(< ἐχθρός ),

[in LXX for H342, H8135, etc.;]

enmity: Luke 23:12, Romans 8:7, Galatians 5:20, Ephesians 2:15-16, James 4:4.†

ἀηδία , -ας ,

(< - neg., ἦδος , pleasure),

[in LXX: Proverbs 23:29 (H7879)*;]

1. of things or persons, unpleasantness, odiousness (Hipp., Dem., al.);

2. dislike (Plat.). disagreement (MM, VGT, s.v.): Luke 23:12 D.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Hib I. 170 (B.C. 247) ἵνα μὴ ἀντὶ φιλίας ἔχθραν [ποώ ]μεθα, P Oxy XII. 1588.4 (early iv/A.D.) ἡ φιλικὴ σχέσις ̣ π ̣ρ ̣ο ̣̀ς ̣ σὲ καὶ τὸν υἱόν σου ἐλπίζε [ι ] μεγάλη [ν ] ἔχθραν γενέσθαι. For the form ἔκθρα cf. the royal ordinance P Tebt I. 5.259 (B.C. 118) where it is enacted that no one shall be arrested πρὸς ἴδιον ὀφείλημα ἢ ἀδίκημα μηδὲ ἰδίας ἔκθρας ἕνεκεν, ";for a private debt or offence or owing to a private quarrel"; (Edd.), and BGU II. 389.8 (iii/A.D.) (as amended p. 356) τὴν ἔκθραν καὶ παρανο [μίαν : see also s.v. ἐχθρός.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εχθρα έχθρα ἔχθρα ἔχθρᾳ εχθραι έχθραι ἔχθραι εχθραίνετε εχθραίνοντάς εχθραίνοντές εχθραίνουσιν εχθραίνων εχθραν έχθραν ἔχθραν έχθρας εχθρεύσουσιν εχθρεύσω εχθρία echthra échthra echthrai échthrai échthrāi echthran échthran