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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2089 - ἔτι
- yet, still
- of time
- of a thing which went on formerly, whereas now a different state of things exists or has begun to exist
- of a thing which continues at present 1a
- even, now
- with negatives 1a
- no longer, no more
- of degree and increase
- even, yet
- besides, more, further
- of time
I of Time,
1 of the Present, yet, still, ἔ. μοι μένος ἔμπεδον Il. 5.254; ἔ. τυτθὸν ἐόντα 6.222; εἰ Ζεὺς ἔ. Ζεύς S. OC 623; ἔτ' ἐκ βρέφεος ever since babyhood, AP 9.567 (Antip.); ἔ. καὶ νῦν Il. 1.455; ἔ. καὶ ἐκ παρόντων v.l. in Th. 7.77; ἔτ' ἂν ἐκ τῶνδε θεὸς χρῄζων θείη A. Ch. 340; ἔ. καὶ νυνί Pl. Smp. 215d; νῦν ἔ. ζεῖ A. Th. 708 (lyr.), cf. Ag. 818.
2. of the Past, mostly with impf., ἀήθεσσον γὰρ ἔτ' αὐτῶν Il. 10.493, cf. Hdt. 9.102, Th. 5.111, etc.: with aor., Pl. Prt. 310c, etc.; ἔ. πρότερον, πρόσθεν, Th. 8.45, Pl. Sph. 242d: with the sense, already, γεγονέναι ἔ. οὐχ ἧττον ἢ εἶναι Id. Men. 93a.
3. of the Future, yet, longer, ἄλγε' ἔδωκεν.. ἠδ' ἔ. δώσει Il. 1.96, cf. 5.465: c. opt., ἔ... φιλέοι Od. 15.305: c. imper., μή τις ἔ... ἔστω 2.230; hereafter, A. Pr. 907, S. El. 66, Ar. V. 758 (anap.), etc.
4. with a neg., no longer, οὐδὲ.. ἔ. παρέμειναν D.H. 5.46; v. οὐκέτι, μηκέτι.
1. of Degree, still, besides, ἐς δεκάτην γενεὴν ἕτερόν γ' ἔ. βόσκοι another (and another and so on), Od. 14.325; ἔτ' ἄλλο Hes. Op. 157, cf. 11.6.411, Od. 11.623, S. Ant. 218, etc.; τίν' οὖν ἔτ' ἄλλον..; A. Ch. 114; πρὸς τοῖσδ' ἔ., πρὸς τούτοις ἔ. (cf. προσέτι), S. Ph. 1339, Ar. Nu. 720 (anap.); ἔ. τε and besides, nay more, Pl. Phdr. 279a; ἔ. τοσόνδε this further point, Id. Tht. 184b; ἔ. δὲ καί Th. 1.80, etc.; πρῶτον μὲν.., ἔπειτα δὲ.., ἔ. δὲ.. X. An. 6.6.13; ἔ. καί alone, τά τε εἴδωλα, ἔ. καὶ τὰ γεγραμμένα Pl. Sph. 239d; ἔτι καὶ ἔ. ἀεί Theol.Ar. 30.
2. freq. to strengthen a Comp., ἔ. μᾶλλον yet more, Il. 14.97, 362; μᾶλλον ἔ. Od. 18.22; ἔ. καὶ μ. Pi. P. 10.57; καὶ ἔ. καὶ μᾶλλον Ael. NA 16.24; ἔ. πλέον Hdt. 7.6; πλέον ἔ. Th. 1.80; παῖς τε κἄτι τοῦδ' ἀνούστερος A. Pr. 987; πότμῳ τῷ νῦν.. κἄτι τοῦδ' ἐχθίονι S. OT 272, cf. El. 559, 1189.
3. with the Posit., ἔ. ἄνω yet higher up, X. An. 7.5.9; ἔ. μάλα Ar. Pax 53, 462, Ra. 864. (Skt. áti 'beyond', Lat. et, Goth. ip 'but', 'however'.)
ἔτι, adverb, as yet, yet, still;
1. of time;
a. of a thing which went on formerly, whereas now a different state of things exists or has begun to exist: added to a participle, Matthew 27:63; Luke 24:6, 44; Acts 9:1; Acts 18:18; 2 Thessalonians 2:5; with the gen absolute: ἔτι (δέ) αὐτοῦ λαλοῦντος, Matthew 12:46; Matthew 17:5; Matthew 26:47; Mark 14:43; Luke 8:49; Luke 22:47; add, Luke 9:42; Luke 24:41; John 20:1; Acts 10:44; Romans 5:8; Hebrews 9:8; with a finite verb, Hebrews 7:10; transposed so as to stand at the beginning of a sentence: ἔτι γάρ Χριστός ὄντων ἡμῶν ἀσθενῶν ... ἀπέθανε, Romans 5:6; cf. Winers Grammar, § 61, 5, p. 553 (515); (Buttmann, 389 (333)); with another notation of time, so that it may be translated even (cf. Latinjam): ἔτι ἐκ κοιλίας μητρός, Luke 1:15 (ἔτι ἐκ βρεφεος, Anthol. 9, 567, 1; ἔτι ἀπ' ἀρχῆς, Plutarch, consol. ad Apoll. 6, p. 104 d.).
b. of a thing which continues at present, even now: Mark 8:17 R G; Luke 14:22; Galatians 1:10; 1 Corinthians 15:17; with νῦν added, 1 Corinthians 3:2 (L WH brackets ἔτι); farther, longer (where it is thought strange that, when one thing has established itself, another has not been altered or abolished, but is still adhered to or continues): Romans 3:7; Romans 6:2; Romans 9:19; Galatians 5:11.
c. with negatives: οὐ ... ἔτι, οὐκ ἔτι, no longer, no more, Luke 16:2; Luke 20:36; Luke 21:1, 4; Luke 22:3; ἵνα μή ἔτι lest longer, that ... no more, Revelation 20:3; οὐ μή ἔτι, Revelation 3:12; Revelation 18:21-23; οὐδείς, μηδείς, οὐδεμία, οὐδέν ἔτι, nobody, nothing more, Matthew 5:13; Hebrews 10:2 (see μηκέτι, οὐκέτι).
2. of degree and increase; with the comparative, even, yet: Philippians 1:9; Hebrews 7:15 (Winers Grammar, 240 (225)). of what remains (yet): John 4:35; John 7:33; John 12:35; John 13:33; Matthew 19:20; Mark 12:6; Luke 18:22; of what is added, besides, more, further: ἔτι ἅπαξ, Hebrews 12:26f; ἔτι ἕνα ἤ δύο, Matthew 18:16; add, Matthew 26:65; Hebrews 11:32; ἔτι δέ yea moreover, and further (Latinpraeterea vero), Hebrews 11:36 (Xenophon, mem. 1, 2, 1; Diodorus 1, 74; cf. Grimm on 2 Macc. 6:4); ἔτι δέ καί (but or) yea moreover also (Latinpraeterea vero etiam), Luke 14:26 R G T L marginal reading; Acts 2:26; ἔτι τέ καί and moreover too (Latininsuperque adeo), Luke 14:26 L text Tr WH; Acts 21:28 (cf. Buttmann, § 149, 8; Winers Grammar, 578 (537) note).
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yet, as yet, still;
1. of time;
(a) of the present (adhuc): Mark 5:35, 1 Corinthians 3:3; 1 Corinthians 15:17, Galatians 1:10, al.;
(b) of the past, mostly c. impf.: Matthew 12:46, Luke 8:49; Luke 15:20, John 20:1, Acts 9:1, Romans 5:6; Romans 5:8, 2 Thessalonians 2:5, Hebrews 7:10; Hebrews 9:8, al.;
(c) of the future: Luke 1:15, 2 Corinthians 1:10;
(d) with a neg.: Matthew 5:13, Luke 16:2; Luke 20:36, Hebrews 10:2, Revelation 3:12; Revelation 20:3, al.
2. Of degree, even, yet, still, further: c. compar., Philippians 1:9, Hebrews 7:15; of what remains, Mark 12:6, John 4:35; John 7:33, al.; of what is added, Matthew 18:16; Matthew 26:65, Hebrews 11:32; Hebrews 12:26-27; of continuance apart from the idea of time, Romans 3:7; Romans 6:2; Romans 9:19, Galatians 5:11; ἔτι δἐ , Acts 2:26 (LXX), Hebrews 11:36; ἔτι τε καί , Luke 14:26, Acts 21:28.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
P Lond 42.22 (B.C. 168) (= I. p. 30, Selections, p. 10) ὡς ἔτ [ι ] σοῦ παρ [όν ]τος πάντων ἐπεδεόμη ̣ν ̣, ";while you were still at home, I went short altogether."; In ib. .25 we have—ἔτι δὲ καὶ Ὥρου τοῦ τὴν ἐπιστολὴν παρακεκομικό [το ]ς ἀπηγγελκότος κτλ., ";and now that Horus who brought the letter has told"; etc. : cf. P Ryl II. 145.9 (A.D. 38) ἔτι καὶ μὴ ἀρκ [εσ ]θείς. P Oxy IV. 744.3 (B.C. I) (= Selections, p. 32) shows a common phrase γίνωσκε ὡς ἔτι καὶ νῦν ἐν Ἀλεξανδρέᾳ (l. –δρείᾳ) σμέν (l. ἐσμέν) : cf. P οὖν καὶ νῦν ἢ τὸ ἀργύριον εἰσάγετε ἢ κτλ., ";now therefore at length either collect the money, or,"; etc., Revillout Mél. p. 295.6 (B.C. 131–0) (= Witkowski.2, p. 96) ἔτι καὶ νῦν καλῶς ποιήσεις παρακαλῶν σαυτὸν καὶ τοὺς πα ̣ρ᾽ ἡμῶν, P Oxy VIII. 1111ii. 13 (A.D. 203) ὃν δηλ (ῶ) τετελ (ευτηκέναι) ἔτι πάλα ̣[ι, ";whom I declare to have died long ago."; For the adv. used of degree, as in Philippians 1:9, see the Christian letter ib. VI. 939.3 (iv/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 128) νῦν ἔτι μᾶλλον ἡ πρὸς σὲ [τ ̣οῦ δεσπό ]τ ̣ου θεοῦ γνῶσις ἀνεφάνη ἅπασιν ἡμῖν.
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